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French and Indian War

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Title: French and Indian War


1
French and Indian War
  • History Through Film
  • Mr. Clark

2
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3
  • During the 18th century, the powerful European
    nations of England, France and Spain were
    fighting each other all over the world for both
    land and money.

4
  • These small wars continued for more than 100
    years and were known as King William's War, Queen
    Anne's War, King George's War and the Seven
    Years War.

5
  • The final round in this global conflict was the
    Seven Years War (a.k.a. French and Indian War)

6
1st World War?
  • This conflict was primarily fought between
    England France in India, North America, Europe,
    the Caribbean isles, the Philippines and coastal
    Africa.

7
  • During the 18th century, land in North America
    was controlled by Spain, France and Britain

8
  • The French and Indian War was fought to decide
    which power, Britain or France, would become the
    stronger power in North America, each side
    relying on its colonists and Indian allies to
    fight.

9
  • The war began with conflicts over land.

10
  • French explorers had been the 1st Europeans in
    the areas around the Great Lakes and the Ohio and
    Mississippi rivers France had sent traders and
    trappers and established trading centers

11
  • Britain claimed the same land as France
  • The east coast becoming increasingly crowded, so
    English settlers began moving westward, into
    Indian territory

12
Indians
  • When conflict began between Britain and France,
    Indians were divided over who to support.

13
  • Where Pittsburgh, PA is today, the French built
    one of their trading forts called Fort Duquesne

14
  • Fort Duquesne sat at the junction of three
    important rivers Allegheny, Monongahela, and Ohio

15
  • Britain, however, claimed the fort was situated
    in Virginia on top of land belonging to them.

16
Beginning
  • In 1754, the governor of Virginia sent a 21 year
    old colonist named George Washington to demand
    the withdrawal of the French.

17
  • The French refused to leave and Washington, along
    with 150 men, tried to force them out attacking
    a group of Frenchmen and killing 10 of them,
    sparking the beginning of the French and Indian
    War.

18
New War
  • British generals expected to fight the
    traditional way battles were fought in Europe,
    with troops lined up on open fields and firing
    their weapons as they marched toward each other.

19
  • The French and their Indian allies refused to
    fight in this manner, preferring instead to hide
    in the woods, and camouflaging themselves

20
Location
  • Most of the fighting that occurred during the
    French and Indian War took place in New York
    state near the Canadian border and the Hudson
    River Valley.

21
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22
French
  • France sent one of its best military commanders
    to take command of its troops in America, the
    Marquis de Montcalm.

23
  • Upon his arrival in North America, Montcalm
    proceeded to attack several British forts in
    1757, one of which was Fort William Henry.

24
Victory
  • The British commander of Fort William Henry was
    forced to surrender on the condition that his
    troops would be treated fairly.

25
Massacre
  • Peace treaty was broken by Frances Indian allies
    as they killed more than 1,000 British soldiers
    and settlers alike.

26
The End
  • Despite losing many battles, the overwhelming
    number of British soldiers and American colonists
    led to the defeat of the French (and their Indian
    allies)

27
  • With the defeat of the French in Canada and the
    treaty in Paris in 1763, the French and Indian
    war officially came to an end.

28
  • British took control of land previously claimed
    by France and which stretched from the east coast
    of North America to the Mississippi River.

29
  • Everything west of the Mississippi River belonged
    to Spain.

30
  • Indians still retained control over most of the
    western lands, except for some Spanish colonies
    in Texas and New Mexico.

31
SPAIN
ENGLAND
WINNERS OF THE F I WAR
32
How did the French and Indian War affect the
American colonies?
33
American Revolution
  • The end of the French and Indian War brought
    about a VERY large financial debt for England

34
American Revolution
  • the British Parliament decided the debt would be
    repaid by raising taxes on the colonies (pay for
    their own protection)

35
American Revolution
  • Beginning in 1765, protests against the various
    English taxes on the colonies began to mount in
    the colonies.

36
WAR!!!
37
The Last of the Mohicans
  • History Through Film
  • Mr. Clark

38
James Fenimore Cooper
  • James Fenimore Cooper son of a wealthy,
    landowning Judge William Cooper
  • 1789 born in Burlington, New Jersey
  • 1790 family moved to Cooperstown, New York, a
    frontier settlement founded by Judge Cooper
  • Sent to Yale University at thirteen, J. F. Cooper
    was expelled in his third year and was sent to
    sea, partly in the merchant marine, and then as a
    midshipman in the US Navy.

39
The Book
  • In the second of the Leatherstocking Tales both
    in composition and in order of narrative.
  • It is complete in itself, but is tied to the
    other stories by Natty Bumppo, the central figure
    of the series.
  • His character as the last uncorrupted white man
    who prefers the code of the Indian than the
    nature of the white settlers, who is loyal,
    courageous and a superb promoter of woodcraft
    struck a chord with contemporary Americans that
    still finds an echo today.

40
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41
The Book
  • It was written in 1826
  • an adventure set in the forests of North America
    during the Seven Years War (aka the French and
    Indian War) (1756 - 1763) between Great Britain
    and France.
  • The plot revolves around the efforts of Alice and
    Cora Munro to join their father, who is the
    commander of Fort William Henry near Lake
    Champlain.

42
The Book
  • Their course is blocked by Magua, the leader of a
    group of Huron Indians who are allied to the
    French.
  • His schemes are frustrated by Uncas, the last of
    the Mohicans, his father Chingachgook, and Natty
    Bumppo (Hawkeye)(Nathaniel).
  • The book is characterized by a series of
    thrilling attacks, captures, flights and rescues
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