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Phrases%20

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Phrases & Clauses Practice Turn to page 22 in your packets. Complete the 5 sentences on the page by inserting an infinitive phrase. (Read the directions on page 21 if ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Phrases%20


1
Phrases Clauses
2
Turn to page 3 in your packets.
  • Write phrase in the middle of the top Frayer.
  • Write clause in the middle of the bottom Frayer.

3
Do you see any patterns?
  • Phrases
  • in October
  • skiing during vacation
  • will be returning
  • with the stack of books
  • were returning
  • to win
  • throughout the day
  • along the shore
  • beneath the newspapers
  • around four oclock
  • standing over seven-feet tall
  • scheduled for June
  • Clauses
  • whenever Jared introduces himself
  • until we reached that corner
  • as soon as the program began
  • as if he had seen a ghost
  • if you strive for it
  • whatever you said to Jill
  • to whomever you choose
  • after the graduation ceremony ended
  • as if you do not know
  • if we can conduct ourselves maturely

4
Create a cornell notepage What is the difference
between a phrase and a clause?
  • What is a phrase?
  • A group of words that does not have both a verb
    and a subject.
  • A phrase is not a complete sentence.
  • What is a clause?
  • A group of words that does have a verb and
    subject.
  • An independent clause is a complete sentence.
  • A subordinate clause is not a complete sentence.

5
Cornell Notes cont..
  • Phrase
  • Example The man at the North Pole
  • Why? Word group does not have a subject and a
    verb.
  • Bonus Which does it have? Subject OR verb?
  • Non-example When he comes to our home
  • Why? Word group has a subject and a verb.
  • Trick to remember Does the word group lack a
    subject OR a verb? If so, then it is a phrase.

6
Clauses.
  • Clause
  • Example When he comes to our home
  • Why? Word group has a subject AND a verb, but is
    not a complete sentence or thought.
  • Non-example The man at the North Pole
  • Why? Word group has a subject, but lacks a verb.
  • Trick to remember Does the word group have both
    a subject AND a verb? If so, then it is a
    clause.
  • If it makes a complete thought, it is an
    independent clause.
  • If it does NOT make a complete thought, it is a
    subordinate clause. (During this unit we will
    focus on subordinate clauses.)

7
prepositional phrase
  • Definition a group of words that includes a
    preposition, the object of the preposition (a
    noun or pronoun), and any modifiers of that
    object.
  • Example Having breakfast at the International
    House of Pancakes was a treat for all of us.

8
Practice
  • Turn to page 5 in your packets. Complete the 5
    sentences at the bottom of the page by inserting
    a prepositional phrase. (Read the directions
    above if you are still confused.)

9
Volunteers?
  • She ran __________________________.
  • Cathy sang quite beautifully____________
    ___________.
  • Please take this carton ______________.

10
Misplaced prepositional phrases
  • A prepositional phrase should clearly indicate
    the word that it modifies (describes).
  • Our team scored three runs in the last inning.
  • If it is misplaced, it should be moved to its
    proper place within the sentence.
  • Beneath the pile of wood, John found the missing
    hammers.
  • Who is underneath the pile of wood? John or the
    missing hammers?
  • Correction John found the missing hammers
    beneath the pile of wood.

11
Where are the misplaced prepositional phrases?
  • The car transported the celebrity with squeaky
    wheels.
  • A vampire chased the girl with frightening fangs.
  • At the bottom of the glass, we saw the olive.

12
adjective phrase
  • Definition a prepositional phrase that modifies
    (describes) a noun or pronoun
  • Example We approached the highest peaks in the
    Alps.

13
Practice
  • Turn to page 444 in your books. Complete
    Exercise 2.

14
Volunteers?
  • The pretty picture ___________________ is right
    here.
  • Some __________________ have already been
    printed.
  • The key___________________ is under the mat.

15
Homework for tonight
  • Complete the following pages in your packet
  • Page 6 all
  • Page 7 odds
  • Page 9 - odd

16
Do Now Review Adjective Phrases
  • Page 12 s 6-10
  • Complete the sentence by using the adjective
    phrase to describe a noun.
  • If youre having trouble remembering review pg
    10 11.

17
adverb phrase
  • Definition a prepositional phrase that modifies
    (describes) an adjective or an adverb
  • Example Terry cleaned his room in a few minutes.

18
Practice
  • Turn to page 13 in your packets. Complete the 5
    sentences at the bottom of the page by inserting
    an adverb phrase. (Read the directions above if
    you are still confused.)

19
Volunteers?
  • The famous author was signing his books
  • ________________________________.
  • Most adults enjoy walking ___________
  • ___________________.
  • They should win this election _________
  • ___________________.

20
verb phrase
  • Definition a main verb plus one or more helping
    verbs.
  • Examples
  • The military officer will be returning home soon.
  • You might have forgotten your wallet.
  • Are you helping the minister tomorrow?

21
Practice
  • Turn to page 15 in your packets. Complete the 5
    sentences at the bottom of the page by inserting
    an verb phrase. (Read the directions above if
    you are still confused.)

22
Volunteers?
  • Jasmine _____ ______ _____ good grades in her
    social studies class.
  • _______ he ______ his win streak at the
    tournament?
  • Our local pharmacist _________ _________ our
    family for many years.

23
Homework for tonight
  • Complete the following pages in your packet
  • Page 11/12 all
  • Page 14 odds
  • Page 16 - odd

24
verbal
  • Definition a verb form used as an adjective, a
    noun, or an adverb. There are 3 types
  • Participle a verbal that acts like an adjective
  • Gerund a verbal that acts like a noun
  • Infinitive a verbal that acts like a noun,
    adjective or adverb.
  • Examples
  • Chattering and screaming, the monkeys disappeared
    into the treetops.
  • I especially enjoyed the dancing.
  • Is that hard to see?

25
participle
  • Definition a verb form that can be used as an
    adjective.
  • Example The exhausted hikers headed for home.

26
participle phrase
  • Definition a phrase that consists of a
    participle and its complements and modifiers.
  • Example At the wildlife park, we were startled
    by the gibbons swinging through the trees.

27
Practice
  • Turn to page 18 in your packets. Complete the
    whole page with your table.

28
gerund
  • Definition a verb form ending in ing that is
    used as a noun
  • Example Fishing for blue crabs is especially
    popular in the Gulf Coast states.

29
gerund phrase
  • Definition a phrase that consists of a gerund
    and its modifiers and complements.
  • Example Photographing old stone bridges is one
    of Tracys hobbies.

30
Practice
  • Turn to page 19 in your packets. Complete the 5
    sentences at the bottom of the page by inserting
    a gerund phrase. (Read the directions above if
    you are still confused.)

31
Volunteers?
  • ________________ is her grandmothers favorite
    activity.
  • The players enjoyed ________________.
  • She always remembered ___________________.

32
infinitive
  • Definition a verb form, usually preceded by to,
    use as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
  • Example Patty tried to play the trumpet but
    decided that she preferred to learn the clarinet.

33
infinitive phrase
  • Definition a phrase that consist of an
    infinitive and its modifiers and complements.
  • Example Ms. Snyder tried to explain the meaning
    of the phrase, but we still found it hard to
    understand.

34
Practice
  • Turn to page 22 in your packets. Complete the 5
    sentences on the page by inserting an infinitive
    phrase. (Read the directions on page 21 if you
    are still confused.)

35
Volunteers?
  • The president needed________________.
  • __________________________________ you must be
    physically fit.
  • They are about ____________________.

36
appositive
  • Definition a noun or pronoun placed beside
    another noun or pronoun to identify or describe
    it.
  • Example My great-aunt Rina was born in Poland.

37
appositive phrase
  • Definition a phrase that consist of an
    appositive and its modifiers.
  • Example Kublai Khan, the first emperor of the
    Yuan dynasty, united China under his rule.
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