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Development of Western Philosophy of Education

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Title: Development of Western Philosophy of Education


1
Development of Western Philosophy of Education
  • Your topic today is

2
Traditional Western Philosophy Of Education
  • Essentialism
  • Perennialism

3
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • Essentialism is a back to basics, teacher
    centered philosophy.
  • Essentialism

4
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • The core of the curriculum is essential knowledge
    and skills and academic rigor.
  • Essentialism

5
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • Schooling should be practical, preparing students
    to become valuable members of society
  • Essentialism

6
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • Essentialists believe that there is a common core
    of knowledge that needs to be transmitted to
    students in a systematic, disciplined way.
  • Essentialism

7
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • The emphasis in this conservative perspective is
    on intellectual and moral standards that schools
    should teach.
  • Essentialism

8
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • It should focus on facts-the objective reality
    out there--and "the basics," training students to
    read, write, speak, and compute clearly and
    logically.
  • Essentialism

9
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • Essentialism is a traditional back to basics
    philosophy that focuses on a core curriculum of
    some set subjects similar to Reading, Writing,
    Literature, Foreign Languages, History, Math,
    Science, Art, and Music.
  • Essentialism

10
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • The teacher leads the class and transfers her
    knowledge and skills of a subject directly to her
    students. 
  • Essentialism

11
Traditional western philosophy of education
  •  
  • The teacher expects respect and commands
    authority in the classroom
  • Essentialism

12
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • Essentialists aim to instill students with the
    "essentials" of academic knowledge, patriotism,
    and character development.
  • Essentialism

13
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • This traditional approach is meant to train the
    mind, promote reasoning, and ensure a common
    culture.
  • Essentialism

14
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • For Perennialists, the aim of education is to
    ensure that students acquire understandings about
    the great ideas of Western civilization.
  • Perennialism

15
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • The focus is to teach ideas that are everlasting,
    to seek enduring truths which are constant, not
    changing, as the natural and human worlds at
    their most essential level, do not change.
  • Perennialism

16
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • Therefore, one should teach principles, not
    facts.
  • Since people are human, one should teach first
    about humans, not machines or techniques.
  • Perennialism

17
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • Since people are people first, and workers second
    if at all, one should teach liberal topics first,
    not vocational topics.
  • Perennialism

18
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • Humans are rational beings, and their minds need
    to be developed.
  • Perennialism

19
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • Thus, cultivation of the intellect is the highest
    priority in a worthwhile education.
  • Perennialism

20
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • The demanding curriculum focuses on attaining
    cultural literacy, stressing students' growth in
    enduring disciplines.
  • Perennialism

21
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • A particular strategy with modern perennialists
    is to teach scientific reasoning, not facts.
  • Perennialism

22
Traditional western philosophy of education
  • Essentialism
  • Perennialism
  1. Focuses on essential skills.
  2. Curricula thus tend to be much more vocational
    and fact-based.
  3. Less liberal and principle-based.
  4. Teacher-centered.
  1. Focuses on personal development.
  2. Teacher-centered.

23
Tutorial Applying Educational Philosophies
  • Look for resources from various sources, compare
    and contrast between branches in Western
    Philosophy of Education.

24
Tutorial Applying Educational Philosophies
Philosophy (Proponents/ dates) Aim of Education Key Points Teaching Strategies Teacher Role
Perennialism

Essentialism

Islamic

Confuciusm
25
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