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Chapter 6: The Phoenicians

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Chapter 6: The Phoenicians & Hebrews 1200 B.C. 510 B.C. Section 1: Phoenicians Came from small land that connected Mesopotamia & Egypt Known as Canaanites ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 6: The Phoenicians


1
Chapter 6 The Phoenicians Hebrews
  • 1200 B.C. 510 B.C.

2
Section 1 Phoenicians
  • Came from small land that connected Mesopotamia
    Egypt
  • Known as Canaanites
  • Phoenician means purple merchants
  • Came from Northern Canaan
  • Most information we know comes from the Bible

3
Growth of Trade
Effects
  • Control of Med. Trade
  • Traveling workshops
  • Plotted courses by sun stars
  • Exploration of new land
  • Spread of culture
  • Use of treaties to keep peace

Causes
Rise of Phoenician Trade
  1. Location along sea
  2. Scarcity of land to grow food
  3. Cedar forests to build ships

4
Cities of Phoenicia
  • Each city was its own city-state b/c of isolation
    from mountains
  • Money from trade caused jealousy among
  • Largest cities Tyre, Byblos, Beirut, Sidon

5
  • Led by Kings Councils
  • Skilled as carpenters, cabinetmakers, and metal
    workers
  • Port center of activity
  • Important cloth-dying centers

6
Gods Goddesses
  • Believed in many nature gods
  • Built temples
  • Holy of holies sacred chamber where image or
    stone was kept
  • Believed in life after death
  • Buried their dead in clay urns
  • Embalmed wrapped the body

7
Carthage 814 BC
  • Colonies (permanent settlements) turned into
    trading cities along Northern Africa
  • Most famous Carthage
  • Dido from Tyre said to have built city

8
Phoenician Alphabet
  • Use of Pictures Hieroglyphics Canaan
    Writing Alphabet
  • 22 Symbols or letters but no vowels
  • Reader would know what vowel sound to put in
  • Read from right to left
  • Used to keep records of trading
  • Brought to Europe where Greeks
  • Romans changed it.
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