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Reciprocal Teaching Strategies for Improving Reading Comprehension

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Reciprocal Teaching Strategies for Improving Reading Comprehension Goals of Reciprocal Teaching To improve students reading comprehension using four strategies ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reciprocal Teaching Strategies for Improving Reading Comprehension


1
Reciprocal TeachingStrategies for Improving
Reading Comprehension

2
Goals of Reciprocal Teaching
  • To improve students reading comprehension using
    four strategies
  • Predicting
  • Questioning
  • Clarifying
  • Summarizing

3
Goals of Reciprocal Teaching(continued)
  • To scaffold the four strategies by modeling,
    guiding and applying strategies while reading
  • To guide students to become reflective in their
    thinking
  • To help students monitor their reading
    comprehension using these four strategies
  • To strengthen instruction in a variety of
    settings whole-class and guided reading
  • To be part of a broader framework of
    comprehension strategies

4
Reciprocal Teaching(continued)
To be part of a broader framework of
comprehension strategies that include
  • Previewing
  • Self-questioning
  • Making connections
  • Visualizing
  • Monitoring
  • Evaluating
  • Knowing how words work

5
What Reciprocal Teaching Is..
  • Reciprocal teaching is a powerful research-based
    teaching technique.
  • Reciprocal teaching was designed to focus on
    just four important strategies that good readers
    use to comprehend text.
  • Oczkus, Lori D. (2003). Reciprocal Teaching at
    Work Strategies for Improving Reading
    Comprehension. Delaware International Reading
    Associations

6
What Reciprocal Teaching is not.
  • Reciprocal Teaching is not a pencil-and-paper
    activity. It was designed as a discussion
    technique in which think-alouds play an integral
    part.
  • Reciprocal teaching is not comprehensive enough
    to stand alone as a method for teaching reading
    comprehension.

7
Ways to Use Reciprocal Teaching
  • Teach the reciprocal teaching strategies to whole
    groups using Big Books, short newspaper and
    magazine articles.
  • Give struggling readers an extra dose of reading
    comprehension instruction using reciprocal
    teaching in small intervention groups.
  • Have students take on the roles of predictor,
    questioner, clarifier and summarizer in
    literature circles.

8
Ways to Use Reciprocal Teaching (continued)
  • Train cross-age buddies in second and fourth
    grades to focus on reciprocal teaching strategies
    as they read and discuss picture books.

9
Reciprocal Teaching Strategies
  • The Fabulous Four

10
Madam, the Powerful Predictor
  • Previewing the text to anticipate what might
    happen next
  • Assists students in setting a purpose for reading
    and in monitoring their comprehension

11
Predicting
  • I think..
  • Ill bet.
  • I wonder if.
  • I imagine.
  • I suppose.
  • I predict.

12
Quincy, the Quizzical Questioner
  • Good readers ask questions throughout the reading
    process
  • Students learn to generate questions about a
    texts main idea, important details and textual
    inferences

13
Questioning
Language of questioning
  • Who?
  • What?
  • Where?
  • When ?
  • Why?
  • How?
  • What if?

14
Clara, the Careful Clarifier
  • Clarifying helps students monitor their own
    comprehension as they identify problems that they
    are having comprehending parts of the text.
  • Teacher and the student share fix-up strategies
    to construct meaning.

15
Clarifying
  • Language of clarifying
  • I didnt understand the part where
  • This sentence, paragraph, page, chapter is not
    clear.
  • I cant figure out
  • This is a tricky word because

16
Clarifying Strategies
To clarify an idea
To clarify a word
  • I reread the parts that I didnt understand.
  • I read on to look for clues.
  • I think about what I know.
  • I talk to a friend.
  • I reread.
  • I look for word parts I know.
  • I try to blend the sounds together.
  • I think of another word that looks like this
    word.
  • I read on to find clues.
  • I try another word that makes sense.

17
Sammy, the Super Summarizer
  • To summarize effectively, students must recall
    and arrange in order only the important events in
    the text.
  • Summary organization is based on the type of
    text narrative or expository.

18
Summarizing
The language of summarizing
  • The most important ideas in this text are
  • This part was about
  • The book was about
  • First
  • Next
  • Then
  • Finally
  • The story takes place
  • The main characters are
  • A problem occurs when
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