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Greek Theatre

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Greek Theatre Theatre History PowerPoint 2 Sophocles Great writer of Greek tragedy 496-406 B.C. Lived in Athens Studied theatre arts Entered the theatrical ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Greek Theatre


1
Greek Theatre
  • Theatre History
  • PowerPoint 2

2
Sophocles
  • Great writer of Greek tragedy
  • 496-406 B.C.
  • Lived in Athens
  • Studied theatre arts
  • Entered the theatrical competition that honored
    the god Dionysus as an actor and a playwright
  • Wrote 123 plays, 24 first prize, rest second

3
Sophocles
4
  • First to have 3 actors on stage at the same time
  • Increased number of singers in the chorus
  • Used ancient tales to comment on his own time
    period
  • 7 tragedies survived Oedipus the King, Oedipus
    at Colonnus, Antigone, and Electra

5
Greek Theatre
  • Festival of Dionysus- annual theatrical
    competition
  • Chorus- group of performers who provided
    commentary and moved the action of play through
    song, dance, and speaking
  • Linked with ritual and the social and political
    system

6
Theatre Space
  • Large open theatre that was built into the side
    of a hill
  • Held 14,000 to 15,000 on wooden bleachers
  • Performances occurred during the day
  • 4th century BC a permanent space, made of stone,
    was completed

7
  • Orchestra- circular area with an altar in the
    center
  • Skene (modern- scene) building behind the
    orchestra which served as a setting
  • Proskenion (modern- proscenium)- in front of the
    skene, framed the stage

8
Sketch of a Greek Theatre
9
(No Transcript)
10
Greek Theatre in Athens
11
Performers
  • Large theatre needed more than facial expression
    and vocal inflection
  • Used large gestures and Masks
  • Masks could be seen from the top row
  • Theory- some believe the masks help to project
    the voice like a megaphone

12
  • Three Actors played all the leading roles through
    the use of masks
  • No female actors
  • Chorus- approx. 15 performers
  • No stage directions in the original text, so we
    are not sure of the exact movement of the actors
    in relation to the chorus

13
Costumes
  • Same everyday clothing with some additions
  • They wore robes made of woven wool or linen that
    were draped and layered
  • Simple rectangle shape
  • Consisted of different colors and sometimes
    embroidery
  • Used laces, pins, or belts to hold them in place

14
  • They wore sandals
  • Men (esp. soldiers)- calf boots
  • Lead performers would change their mask and
    possibly add on a robe to portray different
    characters
  • The Chorus were most likely dressed alike or in
    similar robes and masks

15
Ancient Greek Attire
16
(No Transcript)
17
Masks
18
Antigone by SophoclesWinthrop University
19
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20
(No Transcript)
21
Sources
  • Taylor, Robert D. and Robert D. Strickland.
    Theatre Art in Action. New York McGraw-Hill,
    2005.
  • http//courses.cit.cornell.edu/thetr364/images/Gre
    ekTheatre.gif
  • http//www.flickr.com/
  • http//etc.usf.edu/clipart/1200/1244/sophocles_1_m
    d.gif
  • http//records.viu.ca/mcneil/jpg/sophocles.jpg
  • http//www.uky.edu/AS/Classics/pics/p82.gif
  • http//www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/troufs/anth4616/i
    mages/Greek_mask_100.jpg
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