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Ancient%20Egypt

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Ancient Egypt By: Florian, Aliya, and Chrissie Contents Introduction to Ancient Egypt Education in Ancient Egypt Laws in Ancient Egypt Religion in Ancient Egypt Art ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient%20Egypt


1
Ancient Egypt
  • By Florian, Aliya, and Chrissie

2
Contents
  • Introduction to Ancient Egypt
  • Education in Ancient Egypt
  • Laws in Ancient Egypt
  • Religion in Ancient Egypt
  • Art in Ancient Egypt
  • Culture in Ancient Egypt
  • Language in Ancient Egypt
  • Economy in Ancient Egypt
  • Government in Ancient Egypt
  • Bibliography

3
Timeline of the Ancient Egyptian Civilization
CS
4
Where is Ancient Egypt?
  • Egypt is in the northeast of Africa
  • River Nile flows through Egypt
  • Ancient Egyptians settled along the river
  • Farmers first settles in 5000BCE

CS
5
When did the civilization start?
  • Started 3100BCE
  • Lasted 3000 years
  • Many changes and turns
  • 31 dynasties in total

AY
6
Who lived in this area?
  • Founded by a King Menes
  • 343B.C.E. The Romans
  • Cleopatra VII
  • The Islamic Empire
  • Ottoman Turks - 1517
  • 14th century black death

FP
7
What was their purpose?
  • Invention and Ideas
  • Pyramids and Tombs
  • Valley of the Kings
  • Engineering Ideas
  • Cairo

FP
8
How did if form?
  • 5000BCE lived in farming villages
  • Had rituals, gods, and chieftain
  • 3000BCE united into 2 kingdoms, Lower Egypt and
    Upper Egypt
  • 3100BCE King Menes united both kingdoms

CS
9
Education in Ancient Egypt
  • Stayed with mothers until 4 years old
  • Fathers educated boys after first 4 years,
    usually follow in trade of father
  • Schools for royalty, wealthy, scribes or priests
  • Girls educated by mother house keeping,
    cooking, brewing, making clothes
  • Women excluded from ruling bureaucracy, temple
    elite, not eligible to work as scribes

CS
10
The Rosetta Stone
  • Discovered by Napoleons soldiers' while digging
  • 1400 years after
  • Was the key to unlocking the mystery of ancient
    Egyptian hieroglyphics

CS
11
Government in Ancient Egypt
  • Revolved around one figure The pharaoh
  • Living God
  • Theocracy
  • Priests
  • Army commanders, chief treasurers, the minister
    of public works, and tax collector
  • Taxation
  • Laws

FP
12
Laws in Ancient Egypt
  • Pharaoh head of legal system made laws
  • Laws based on common sense view of right and
    wrong
  • Punishments for minor crimes
  • Punishment for serious crimes (tomb raiding,
    murder)
  • New Kingdom oracles played major role in
    decision making

CS
13
Ancient Egyptian Economy
  • Trade on the Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, and
    the Red Sea.
  • Other countries bought goods silver, iron, cedar
    logs, horses, ivory, copper, cattle, leopard
    skins, and spices.
  • Main goods
  • Cost was measured in a deben
  • Jobs Merchants, farmers, artist, soldier
  • Classes

FP
14
Ancient Egyptian Economy Graph
Upper Class
Middle Class
Lower Class
FP
15
The Golden Coin
  • Archeologists
  • discovered ancient Egyptian coins
  • name and image of the biblical Joseph, Cairo's
    Al Ahram
  • Newspaper from Egypt
  • Journalist

FP
16
Art in Ancient Egypt
  • For over 3500 years
  • Paint made out of minerals
  • iron ores (red and yellow ochres), copper ores
    (blue and green)
  • soot or charcoal (black), and limestone (white).

AY
17
Art in Ancient Egypt
  • Why they did art?
  • To make them proud
  • Dead Man standing in the barge of the sun
    worshiping the phoenix, symoble of the sun god of
    Heliopolis, Tomb of Irinefer

AY
18
Religion in Ancient Egypt
  • Polytheistic worshipped more than 2,000 gods
    and goddesses
  • Believed in afterlife Anubis god of the
    underworld weighed dead persons heart
  • All classes planned for burials royals built
    large tombs and pyramids, others built smaller
    tombs
  • Royal and elite Egyptians preserved by
    mummification

CS
19
Anubis - god of the dead
  • The god and guide of the underworld
  • Weigh each dead persons heart
  • Test for purity and truth, if passed would live
    forever in the beautiful Other World
  • Win eternal life if no heavier than a feather
  • If tipped scale the heart was heavy with sin
  • Would oversee the embalming and mummification of
    the dead
  • Today still worshipped by sects of pagan religions

CS
20
Ancient Egyptian Culture
  • Religion really important
  • Men and women had many of the same rights
  • Games
  • Most slaves were farmers
  • Cosmetics for work and play

AY
21
Ancient Egyptian Culture
  • Pets
  • Royal dogs
  • Surgeons
  • Papyrus growers

AY
22
Language in Ancient Egypt
  • First pictographs
  • Got more flexible
  • Hieroglyphics
  • From greek word
  • Meaning sacred carving
  • Each picture stood for an idea
  • Papyrus made out of reeds and used as paper

AY
23
Language in Ancient Egypt
  • The hieroglyphics these are the letters they used
    to write with and they also used them to do arts

AY
24
bibliography
  • http//www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/E
    gypt.html
  • http//www.love-egypt.com/map-of-egypt.htmlhttp//
    historylink101.net/egypt_1/a-education.htm
  • http//www.king-tut.org.uk/ancient-egyptians/ancie
    nt-egyptian-education.htm
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egypt
  • http//www.ancient-egypt-online.com/ancient-egypti
    an-gods-anubis.html
  • http//liology.wordpress.com/2010/01/13/the-rosett
    a-stone-of-metaphysics-the-li/

25
Bibliography 2
  • http//www.womenintheancientworld.com/economy.htm.
  • http//home.earthlink.net/marond/economy_pink.htm
    l.
  • http//nefertiti.iwebland.com/economy/
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egypt
  • http//www.ancientegypt.co.uk/life/home.html
  • http//www.ancientegypt.co.uk/time/home.html
  • http//www.allaboutwheat.info/history.html

26
Thank You
  • Thank you for your time we hope you learnt more
    about ANCIENT EGYPT!!
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