Madame Marie Curie - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Madame Marie Curie

Description:

Tames,Richard.Marie Curie.New York:Franklin Watts Inc.,1989. ... Marie Curie and the Science of Radioactivity. 2000. American Institute of Physics. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:4490
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 38
Provided by: scien64
Learn more at: http://tclauset.org
Category:
Tags: curie | madame | marie

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Madame Marie Curie


1
Madame Marie Curie
  • The Science of Radioactivity

By Claire Goelst
2
Early Life
  • Born on November 7, 1867 in Warsaw, Poland
  • Given name was Marya Sklodowska, but her family
    and friends called her Little Manya

3
Early Life cont.
  • Her father was a professor of math and physics
  • Her mother was a pianist, singer, and teacher
  • Her mother died of tuberculosis when Marya was 11

4
Schooling
  • Graduated high school when she was 15
  • In 1891 she enrolled at the Sorbonne in Paris as
    Marie and graduated in 1893

5
Pierre
  • She married Pierre Curie in July 1895

6
Thesis Work
  • She decided that her thesis for her doctorate
    would be on Henri Becquerels mysterious x-rays
    that are given off by uranium

7
Work with Uranium
  • Discovered that if you have a certain amount of
    uranium, then you get a certain amount of ray
    intensity, no matter what you did to the material

8
Uranium Continued
  • Marie discovered that there was something going
    on inside the atom that created the rays, she
    named this effect radioactivity

9
Radioactivity
  • She discovered that the only known elements that
    were radioactive were uranium and thorium

10
Polonium
  • Pierre stopped his work on crystals to work with
    Marie
  • Marie continued her work, but with a different
    substance, pitchblende

11
Polonium Cont.
  • In July 1898 they extracted a new element that
    was even more radioactive than uranium
  • They called this new substance polonium in honor
    of Maries homeland

12
Radium
  • In January of 1899 another new element was
    discovered that was over 1 million times more
    radioactive than uranium, it was named radium

13
Radium Continued
  • Her major studies showed that radium gave out
    light and heat, as well as being able to damage
    living flesh
  • In 1910 Marie isolated pure radium metal

14
Radium cont.
  • In order to obtain one decigram of pure radium
    chloride salt, Marie had to sift through hundreds
    of tons of pitchblende

15
Properties of Radium
  • Radium is silver-white in color
  • Today it is used in small amounts as a cancer
    treatment and in fluorescent paint

16
Pierres Death
  • Pierre Curie was killed tragically by a
    horse-drawn cart in 1906

17
Teaching
  • It was decided that Marie should take over
    Pierres teaching job at the Sorbonne in 1906
  • This made Marie the 1st woman professor at any
    French university

18
Paris Radium Institute
  • In 1907 Marie convinced the French government to
    fund a radium research institute, to be used
    mainly for medical research

19
Health Problems
  • Marie believed that working with radium was not a
    danger to her health, however, doctors today have
    proven that she was very wrong

20
Health cont.
  • In 1911 Marie collapsed from depression and
    severe kidney problems that were a result of her
    long-time exposure to radium

21
Radium Institute cont.
  • In August 1914 the Radium Institute was
    finished, and named after Maries deceased husband

22
World War II
  • Shortly after the institute was finished, Germany
    invaded France
  • Maries staff was cut short to two people,
    herself and her daughter Irene

23
World War II cont.
  • Immediately after the War broke out Marie donated
    all of her money to the War fund, and signed up
    to be a nurse

24
X-ray Mobiles
  • Marie decided that there should be x-ray machines
    that the war doctors could use on the battle
    field for soldiers

25
X-ray mobiles cont.
  • Marie created 20 mobile x-ray machines and over
    200 stationary machines

26
Radon
  • Marie also invented tiny glass tubes that were
    filled with radon ( a radioactive gas)

27
Radon cont.
  • Doctors would insert the tubes in patients at
    spots where the radiation would destroy diseased
    tissue

28
After the War
  • After the War ended in 1918 Marie spent a lot of
    time with her two daughters Irene and Eve

29
After the War cont.
  • After two or three years with her daughters she
    resumed her work with radium at the Paris
    institute

30
Declining Health
  • She began to notice burns on her hands and her
    failing eyesight somewhere around 1932
  • Marie had been working at the radium institute in
    good health for almost 12 years

31
Late Life
  • Maries blood had been weakened by her constant
    exposure to radium
  • This caused her to catch aplastic anemia

32
Late Life cont.
  • Marie eventually contracted leukemia and died on
    July 14, 1934

33
Awards
  • Marie was awarded numerous small awards during
    her life such as having her picture placed on a
    stamp!

34
Awards cont.
  • Marie was awarded the Nobel prize in physics in
    1903 for her work with X-rays
  • She was also awarded the Nobel prize in chemistry
    in 1911 for her work with radium

35
About Me!!!
Hi!Im Claire! I like food-all kinds. And I like
horses, chickens(yes a little odd I know), and
talking!!!!!! Im incredibly tall and I have red
hair!!!! I have two sisters and one
brother, they are all older than me. I
especially like Chinese food and Mac n cheese.
36
Bibliography
  • Marie Curie, Pierre Curie. Scientists The
    Lives and Works of 150 Scientists.1996 ed.
  • Tames,Richard.Marie Curie.New YorkFranklin
    Watts Inc.,1989.
  • Stille,Darlene.Extraordinary Women Scientists.
    ChicagoChildrens Press,1995.
  • Notable Women Scientists.Farmington Hills,MIthe
    Gale Group,1999.
  • Shriver,Duward. Radium.World Book
    Encyclopedia. 2003 ed.

37
Bibliography cont.
  • Marie Curie and the Science of Radioactivity.
    2000. American Institute of Physics. 28 April
    ,2005 lthttp//www.aip.org/history/curie/gt
  • Marie Sklodowska-Curie. 30 April,2005.Wikipedia.
    May 1, 2005. lthttp//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
    Marie_Sklodowska_Curiegt
About PowerShow.com