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Christology: Who is Jesus Christ?

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Christology: Who is Jesus Christ? A Study of the Person and Work of Christ Not only do we not know God except through Jesus Christ; we do not even know ourselves ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Christology: Who is Jesus Christ?


1
Christology Who is Jesus Christ?
  • A Study of the Person and Work of Christ

2
  • Not only do we not know God except through Jesus
    Christ we do not even know ourselves except
    through Jesus Christ.
  • Blaise Pascal.

3
THE PRE-EXISTENCE OF CHRIST
  • Jesus said to them, Truly, truly, I say to you,
    before Abraham was born, I am. (John 858)
  • He is before all things, and in Him all things
    hold together. (Col. 117)

4
THE VIRGIN BIRTH OF CHRIST
  • Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows
    when His mother Mary had been betrothed to
    Joseph, before they came together she was found
    to be with child by the Holy Spirit.BEHOLD, THE
    VIRGIN SHALL BE WITH CHILD AND SHALL BEAR A SON,
    AND THEY SHALL CALL HIS NAME IMMANUEL, which
    translated means, GOD WITH US.
  • (Mt. 118, 23)

5
WHY THE VIRGIN BIRTH IS IMPORTANT
  • To deny the virgin birth is to deny the Word of
    God
  • To deny the virgin birth is to deny the deity of
    Christ
  • To deny the virgin birth is virtually to declare
    that Jesus inherited a sinful nature
  • To deny the virgin birth is to disqualify Jesus
    from being Savior
  • To be your Savior He must be a man because only a
    man could die for a man.
  • To be your Savior the One who is to die in your
    place must himself be innocent, or else he will
    bear the punishment of his own sin.
  • The virgin birth of Christ relates to the
    resurrection of Christ.

6
THE HUMANITY OF CHRIST
  • He had a true body of flesh and blood
  • He had a normal human development
  • He had a human soul and spirit
  • He had the characteristics of a human being
  • He became hungry (Mt. 42), thirsty (Jn. 47) and
    tired (Jn. 46).
  • He experienced human emotions
  • He had human names

7
SCRIPTURES AFFIRMATION OF THE DEITY OF CHRIST
  • His names
  • His attributes
  • His works
  • He receives worship

8
CHRISTS HYPOSTATIC UNION
  • As the God-man, Jesus Christ is neither
    diminished as God or as man.
  • He is fully God and fully man at all times. To
    minimize the importance of either part of this
    union is to destroy the significance of God.

9
CHRISTS HYPOSTATIC UNION
  • Christ had two distinct natures humanity and
    deity.
  • There was no mixture or intermingling of the two
    natures
  • Although He had two natures, Christ was one Person

10
CONSEQUENCES OF THE HYPOSTATIC UNION
  • Some actions or attributes are true of the entire
    person.
  • Some statements are true only of His human
    nature, but the whole person is the subject.
  • Some statements are true only of His deity, but
    the whole person is in view.
  • Some statements are true of the God-Man, the
    union of the two natures.

11
  • One of the most complex aspects of the
    relationship of Christs two natures is that,
    while the attributes of one nature are never
    attributed to the other, the attributes of both
    natures are properly attributed to His one
    person. Thus Christ at the same moment in time
    had what seem to be contradictory qualities. He
    was finite and yet infinite, weak and yet
    omnipotent, increasing in knowledge and yet
    omniscient, limited to being in one place at one
    time and yet omnipresent. In the Incarnation,
    the person of Christ is the partaker of the
    attributes of both natures, so that whatever may
    be affirmed of either nature human or divine
    may be affirmed of the one person.
  • Ron Rhodes, Reasoning from the Scriptures.

12
THE KENOSIS AND HYPOSTATIC UNION
  • Have this attitude in yourselves which was also
    in Christ Jesus, who, although He existed in the
    form of God, did not regard equality with God a
    thing to be grasped, but emptied Himself, taking
    the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the
    likeness of men. Being found in appearance as a
    man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to
    the point of death, even death on a cross. (Phil.
    25-8)

13
THE KENOSIS AND HYPOSTATIC UNION
  • Have this attitude in yourselves which was also
    in Christ Jesus, who, although He existed in the
    form of God, did not regard equality with God a
    thing to be grasped, but emptied Himself, taking
    the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the
    likeness of men. Being found in appearance as a
    man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to
    the point of death, even death on a cross. (Phil.
    25-8)

14
THE KENOSIS AND HYPOSTATIC UNION
  • Have this attitude in yourselves which was also
    in Christ Jesus, who, although He existed in the
    form of God, did not regard equality with God a
    thing to be grasped, but emptied Himself, taking
    the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the
    likeness of men. Being found in appearance as a
    man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to
    the point of death, even death on a cross. (Phil.
    25-8)

15
IMPECCABILITY AND THE TEMPTATION OF CHRIST
  • Therefore, since we have a great high priest who
    has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of
    God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do
    not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with
    our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in
    all things as we are, yet without sin. Therefore
    let us draw near with confidence to the throne of
    grace, so that we may receive mercy and find
    grace to help in time of need. (Heb. 414-16)

16
IMPECCABILITY AND THE TEMPTATION OF CHRIST
  • Christs peccability could relate only to His
    human nature His divine nature was impeccable.
  • Christ was impeccable because
  • The immutability of Christ.
  • The omnipotence of Christ.
  • The omniscience of Christ.
  • The deity of Christ.
  • The nature of temptation.
  • The will of Christ.
  • The authority of Christ.

17
THE WORDS AND WORKS OF CHRIST
  • The words of Jesus reveal his uniqueness.
  • The words of Jesus demonstrate His omniscience.
  • The words of Jesus demonstrate His authority.

18
THE DEATH OF CHRIST
  • Substitution

19
THE DEATH OF CHRIST
  • He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our
    behalf, so that we might become the righteousness
    of God in Him. (2 Cor. 521)
  • and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the
    cross, so that we might die to sin and live to
    righteousness for by His wounds you were healed.
    (1 Pt. 224)

20
THE DEATH OF CHRIST
  • Substitution
  • Redemption
  • Propitiation
  • Forgiveness
  • Justification

21
  • He came to die as a priest for his enemies.What
    mercy may we not expect from so gracious a
    Mediator (1 Tim. 25) who took our nature upon
    him that he might be gracious? He is a physician
    good at all diseases, especially at the binding
    up of a broken heart. He died that he might heal
    our souls with a plaster of his own blood, and by
    that death save us, which we were the procurers
    of ourselves, by our own sins. And has he not
    the same heart in heaven?
  • Richard Sibbes, The Bruised Reed.

22
PROOFS OF THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST
  • The empty tomb.
  • The resurrection appearances.
  • The transformed disciples.
  • Observance of the first day of the week.
  • The existence of the church.

23
THE CHARACTER OF THE RESURRECTION BODY
  • It was the same material body that had lain in
    the tomb.
  • It was a glorified body.
  • It was not restricted to space.
  • It did not require rest.
  • It did not have blood.

24
THE OFFICES OF CHRIST
  • He is the prophet.
  • He is the priest.
  • He is the king.

25
THE PRESENT MINISTRYOF CHRIST
  • Formation of the Body
  • Direction of the Body
  • Cleansing of the Body
  • Nurture of the Body
  • Giving gifts to the Body
  • Praying for the Body
  • Christ is preparing heaven for the Body
  • Christ Is producing fruit in the Body

26
  • If you take Christ out of Christianity,
    Christianity is dead.
  • If you leave out Christ, you have left the sun
    out of the day, and the moon out of the night,
    you have left the waters out of the sea, and the
    floods out of the river you have left the
    harvest out of the year, the soul out of the
    body you have left joy out of heaven, you robbed
    all of its all. There is no Gospel worth
    thinking of, much less worth proclaiming, if
    Jesus is forgotten. We must have Jesus as Alpha
    and omega
  • Charles Spurgeon.
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