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Tabernacle and Worship

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Title: Tabernacle and Worship


1
Tabernacle and Worship
  • By
  • Prof. Jintae Kim, Ph.D.
  • Alliance Theological Seminary

2
The OT Worship Pattern
3
Typology
  • 1 Cor 1011 These things happened to them to
    serve as an example (typicos), and they were
    written down to instruct us, on whom the ends of
    the ages have come.

4
Tabernacle
5
The Door for Jews Only
6
The Door of the Outer Court
  • The Door of the Outer Court was a large curtain,
    made of fine linen, colored in blue, purple, red
    and white. The curtain was supported by wooden
    pillars that were based in brass sockets, with
    silver capitals, just like the other pillars of
    the outer court curtain. The door curtain was
    fastened to the pillars with gold hooks.

7
The Door is the only way in, inviting and
attractive.
  • Jesus said "I am the Door if any man enters
    through Me he shall be saved" (John 109) and "I
    am the way, the truth and the life no man comes
    to God the Father except through Me" (John
    146).

8
The Apostles Creed
  • I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of
    heaven and earth And in Jesus Christ His only
    Son, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born
    of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius
    Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried. He
    descended into hell the third day He rose again
    from the dead He ascended into heaven, and
    sitteth on the right hand of God the Father
    Almighty from thence He shall come to judge the
    quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit,
    the Holy Universal Church the communion of
    saints the forgiveness of sins the resurrection
    of the body and the life everlasting. Amen.

9
How do we enter the gate?
  • Psalm 1004 Enter his gates with thanksgiving,
    and his courts with praise. Give thanks to him,
    bless his name.
  • Thanksgiving for
  • Who God is
  • What God has done for us through Jesus Christ.
    Now the door is open because of Jesus atoning
    death at the cross.

10
For who He is
  • Rev 4 8 And the four living creatures, each of
    them with six wings, are full of eyes all around
    and inside. Day and night without ceasing they
    sing,
  • "Holy, holy, holy, the Lord God the Almighty, who
    was and is and is to come."

11
Hymn 9
  • Holy, Holy, Holy! Lord God almighty Early in the
    morning our song shall rise to Thee
  • Holy, Holy, Holy! Merciful and Mighty! God in
    three Persons, blessed Trinity

12
2nd stanza
  • Holy, Holy, Holy! All the saints adore Thee,
  • Casting down their golden crowns around the
    glassy sea
  • Cherubim and seraphim falling down before Thee,
  • Which wert, and art, and evermore shall be.

13
3rd stanza
  • Holy, Holy, Holy! Tho the darkness hide Thee,
  • Tho the eye of sinful man Thy glory may not see,
  • Only, Thou art holy there is none beside Thee,
  • Perfect in Powr, in love, and purity.

14
4th Stanza
  • Holy, Holy, Holy! Lord God Almighty!
  • All Thy works shall praise Thy name, in earth,
    sky, and sea
  • Holy, Holy, Holy! Merciful and Mighty!
  • God in three Persons, blessed Trinity! Amen.

15
For what he has done
  • Rev 410-11 the twenty-four elders fall before
    the one who is seated on the throne and worship
    the one who lives forever and ever they cast
    their crowns before the throne, singing, 11
  • "You are worthy, our Lord and God, to receive
    glory and honor and power, for you created all
    things, and by your will they existed and were
    created."

16
Outer Court
  • The bronze laver and bronze altar were located in
    the outer court. 

17
How to enter the courts?
  • Psalm 1004 Enter his gates with thanksgiving,
    and his courts with praise. Give thanks to him,
    bless his name.

18
Praise God for two primary works of grace
  • Two Important objects Laver and Burnt Altar
  • (1) Burnt Altar Atoning sacrifice of Christ at
    the cross? Justification of believers
  • (2) Laver Cleansing of our conscience and soul ?
    Freedom from guilt of sins

19
Laver
20
The Laver and Its Function
  • The Laver was a large bronze basin containing
    water.
  • Having entered through the door into the
    Tabernacle's Outer Court, the priests had to wash
    their hands and feet at the Laver before they
    could either enter into the sanctuary building or
    make any offering to the Lord at the burnt
    offering altar. God warned Moses that if the
    priests did not wash they would die (Exodus
    3020-21).

21
Confession for our sins
  • Every worshipper must confess ones sins before
    Gods presence.
  • Our original sin and the sins we committed for
    the week or the day in action and thought.
  • This can be done in the form of congregational
    prayer or individual prayer.

22
The Lords Prayer
  • Our Father which art in heaven, hallowed be Thy
    name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, on
    earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our
    daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we
    forgive those who trespass against us. And lead
    us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.
    For Thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the
    glory, forever. Amen.

23
  • Psalm 5110 Create in me a clean heart, O God,
    and put a new and right spirit within me. 11 Do
    not cast me away from your presence, and do not
    take your holy spirit from me. 12 Restore to me
    the joy of your salvation, and sustain in me a
    willing spirit. 13 Then I will teach
    transgressors your ways, and sinners will return
    to you. 14 Deliver me from bloodshed, O God, O
    God of my salvation, and my tongue will sing
    aloud of your deliverance. 15 O Lord, open my
    lips, and my mouth will declare your praise. 16
    For you have no delight in sacrifice if I were
    to give a burnt offering, you would not be
    pleased.

24
Burnt Altar
25
  • The altar was 7.5 feet square and 4.5 feet high,
    was made of acacia wood overlaid with bronze, and
    had a horn on each corner.  The fire on the altar
    was to be kept burning at all times and the daily
    sacrifices were offered in the morning and
    afternoon.

26
Repentance Offering ourselves as Living
Sacrifice
27
A Living Sacrifice
  • Romans 121 I appeal to you therefore, brothers
    and sisters, by the mercies of God, to present
    your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and
    acceptable to God, which is your spiritual
    worship. 2 Do not be conformed to this world, but
    be transformed by the renewing of your minds, so
    that you may discern what is the will of God--
    what is good and acceptable and perfect.

28
Sanctuary
29
Sanctuary in Two Parts
  • The first room, on the East side (right), was
    called the Holy Place the priests would enter
    the Sanctuary via the entrance door curtain on
    the East side (far right)
  • The veil (middle, left of center) separated the
    Holy Place from the inner room
  • The inner room, to the West (left), was called
    the Holy of Holies, where only one man (the High
    Priest once per year was permitted entry this
    was where God's presence and glory resided over
    the Ark of the Covenant.

30
Difference between the two holy places in the OT
  • Service in the Holy Place
  • Give thanks to God and bless His Name in the Holy
    of holies.

31
The NT Christian Worship
  • Hebrews 1020 by the new and living way that he
    opened for us through the curtain (that is,
    through his flesh), 21 and since we have a great
    priest over the house of God, 22 let us approach
    with a true heart in full assurance of faith,
    with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil
    conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.

32
The Holy Place
  • This sacred area was occupied by the golden
    lampstand, incense altar and table of showbread. 
    The lampstand (menorah) was beaten and fashioned
    out of a single block of gold and had three
    branches coming out of each side of the central
    shaft.  The seven lamps on top of the branches
    were likely round saucers with pinched rims which
    held the wick and olive oil.

33
Lampstand (Menora) Presence of the Holy Spirit
34
The Lampstand
  • The Lampstand was made of solid, pure gold,
    beaten out of a single piece. It was placed
    towards the left side of the Holy Place, the
    South side. The lampstand was like a tree of
    gold. "In Him was life and the life was the light
    of men" (John 14).

35
Table of Showbread The Word of Truth
36
Table of Showbread
  • Opposite the menorah was the table of showbread. 
    Built of acacia wood and overlaid with solid
    gold, the table had a surface of 3 x 1.5 feet.  
  • Twelve loaves of bread were placed on the table
    on Shabbat and were replaced by fresh bread the
    following Shabbat.  The high priestly line would
    eat the replaced bread.

37
Altar of Incense Prayer
38
Altar of Incense
  • Also known as the "golden altar" or the "inner
    altar," this three foot high altar was the
    location of regular incense offerings.  Every
    morning and evening when tending the light of the
    menorah, the priests would offer a mixture of
    frankincense and other aromatic gums.  On the Day
    of Atonement, the high priest would sprinkle
    blood on the horns of this altar.

39
The Holy of Holies True and most Intimate
Fellowship
40
The Veil Separation
41
The Veil
  • The Veil is the final door to pass through, to
    enter into the presence of God in the Holy of
    Holies. Entry was forbidden to all except one,
    the high priest, and his access was not free he
    was permitted entry once only per year, on the
    Day of Atonement, when he brought the blood of
    the sacrificed goat to sprinkle on the lid
    (called the Mercy Seat) of the Ark of the
    Covenant.

42
Ark of Covenant
43
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44
The Ark of Covenant
  • The only object in the Holy of Holies, the sacred
    ark contained the two tablets with the Ten
    Commandments, the rod of Aaron that blossomed and
    the pot of manna.  The ark was covered by the
    "mercy seat" on which the high priest sprinkled
    the blood of the goat seven times on the Day of
    Atonement.  The ark represented the footstool of
    God's throne.

45
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46
Aaronic Benediction (Num 6)
  • 22 The LORD spoke to Moses, saying 23 Speak to
    Aaron and his sons, saying, Thus you shall bless
    the Israelites You shall say to them, 24 The
    LORD bless you and keep you 25 the LORD make his
    face to shine upon you, and be gracious to you
    26 the LORD lift up his countenance upon you, and
    give you peace. 27 So they shall put my name on
    the Israelites, and I will bless them.

47
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