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The Baroque Era

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The Baroque Era Music, art and architecture 1600-1750 * * * * Note the symmetry * The harpsichord is similar to the piano except that its strings are plucked instead ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Baroque Era


1
The Baroque Era
  • Music, art and architecture 1600-1750

2
What should I know about the Baroque Era?
  • 1600-1750
  • Music
  • Counterpoint Structure Ornament
  • Bach, Vivaldi, Handel
  • Art
  • Drama! Drama! Drama!
  • Lush and fanciful Stuff the canvas
  • Bernini, Rubens, Velázquez
  • Architecture
  • Symmetry
  • Swarming and swirling spaces
  • Trevi Fountain, Ottobeuren Basilica

3
The Age of Reason
  • New modes of thinking and scientific discoveries
    arose in the 17th century
  • Two schools of thought
  • Rationalist all knowledge can be gained through
    reason alone
  • Empiricist all knowledge must be gained through
    the senses, experience

4
ART in the Baroque
  • Emphasis on the drama of experience. Bernini
    turned a Nuns Spiritual Experience into a real
    emotional climax.
  • Contemplate the St. Theresa below, painted in the
    Renaissance Period, BEFORE the Baroque.

5
Bernini The Ecstasy of St. Theresa
6
  • Velázquez
  • Painted portraits for Spanish royalty
  • Importance of the individual
  • Attention to detail

7
  • RUBENS

8
Baroque Architecture
  • Symmetry and structure are key

9
  • Baroque Architecture reads like an episode of
    Pimp My Cathedral
  • EVERYTHING must be Decorated!

10
Trevi Fountain, Rome
11
Baroque Music
  • Expresses the Order of the universe through
    highly structured musical forms
  • Lively Many forms were taken from old dances
    like the Minuet, Gigue, and Gavotte
  • Counterpoint two independent voices weaving
    together

12
  • Johann Joseph Fux, Baroque composer and theorist
    states the aim of perfectly Baroque music
  • "A composition meets the demands of good taste if
    it is well constructed, avoids trivialities as
    well as willful eccentricities, aims at the
    sublime, but moves in a natural ordered way,
    combining brilliant ideas with perfect
    workmanship."

13
Baroque Instruments
  • Organ
  • Harpsichord
  • Strings!
  • Limited winds, brass, percussion

14
The Organ
15
The harpsichord
16
J.S. Bach
  • Over 1,100 works!!
  • BWV his own opus system for numerating his works

17
Not to be confused with Sebastian Bach of
Skid Row
18
or the Terminator
19
J.S. Bach Facts
  • God, Music, Family
  • Most compositions were of a sacred nature, as he
    worked for the church
  • Prolific father 20 Children!!!
  • Organist by trade
  • 1685-1750 these dates also mark the height of
    the Baroque era
  • Never left Germany!

20
He didnt get around much
  • This map reflects the 100 mile area in which Bach
    traveled in his lifetime.

21
  • The Red Priest - on account of his red hair

22
  • Worked with orphan girls at the Ospedale in
    Venice, Italy
  • Many compositions were exercises for these young
    musicians
  • Over 400 violin concerti! Yeah!

Not your normal orphanage Many noblemen had
illegitimate children in Venice. Because of their
proximity to the city, they could still take care
of their offspring by giving money to the
orphanage, thereby sponsoring quite a fancy music
program.
23
Follow-up Questions
  • How is music from the Baroque era different than
    music written today?
  • Are any of the pieces we have played in class
    from the Baroque period?
  • How are the instruments you play today different
    from those in the Baroque era?
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