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React to Chemical or Biological Hazard/Attack

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Use all means of CB detection to check your ... Commanders at all levels may establish a modified policy when chemical weapons have been employed by ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: React to Chemical or Biological Hazard/Attack


1
React to Chemical or Biological Hazard/Attack
2
Conditions
  • You are given mission-oriented protective posture
    (MOPP) gear, a protective mask, individual
    decontaminating kits, and a tactical environment
    in which CB weapons have been or may be used by
    the enemy. You are in MOPP1, and one or more of
    the following automatic masking criteria happens

3
CONDITIONS CONT.
  • A chemical alarm sounds.
  • A positive reading is obtained on detector paper.
  • Individuals exhibit symptoms of CB agent
    poisoning.
  • You observe a contamination marker.
  • Your supervisor tells you to mask.
  • You see personnel wearing protective masks.
  • You observe other signs of a possible CB attack.

4
Standards
  • React to a chemical or biological hazard or
    attack without becoming a casualty. Identify
    chemical contamination markers with 100 percent
    accuracy, and notify supervisor. Start steps to
    decontaminate yourself within 1 minute of finding
    chemical contamination. Decontaminate your
    individual equipment after you completely
    decontaminate yourself.

5
Performance Steps
  • 1. Identify the CB hazard automatic masking
    criteria.
  • a. Don your protective mask when there is a high
    probability of a chemical attack, when-

6
DON MASK WHEN
  • A chemical alarm sounds.
  • A positive reading is obtained on detector paper.
  • Individuals exhibit symptoms of CB agent
    poisoning.
  • You observe a contamination marker.
  • Your supervisor tells you to mask.
  • You see personnel wearing protective masks.
  • You observe other signs of a possible CB attack.

7
NBC CONT.
  • Respond to the commander's policy of automatic
    masking.
  • Note. Commanders at all levels may establish a
    modified policy when chemical weapons have been
    employed by designating additional events as
    automatic masking criteria.

8
NBC CONT.
  • 2. Protect yourself from CB contamination using
    your assigned protective mask without fastening
    the hood.
  • Note. The mask gives immediate protection
    against inhalation of agent vapors. Do not
    fasten the hood. Go to the next step immediately.
  • REMEMBER STOP BREATHING FIRST!!!!

9
NBC CONT.
  • 3. Give the alarm.
  • a. Yell "GAS.
  • b. Give the appropriate hand-and-arm signal.
  • Take cover to reduce exposure, using whatever
    means is readily available.
  • Decontaminate exposed skin using the individual
    decontaminating kit, as necessary.

10
NBC CONT.
  • 6. Assume MOPP4. Cover all your skin (your head
    and shoulders are already protected by the mask
    and the overgarment).
  • a. Put on the gloves with liners.
  • b. Zip and fasten the overgarment jacket.
  • c. Secure the hood, then secure the overgarment
    to increase protection.
  • d. Put on the overboots.

11
NBC CONT.
  • Note. Combat boots provide protection but should
    be covered because they absorb chemicals. It
    takes a long time to put on the overboots, so put
    them on last in an emergency.

12
NBC CONT.
  1. Decontaminate personal equipment using the
    individual decontaminating kit as necessary.
  2. Notify your supervisor of any CB hazard markers
    or indicators.
  3. Continue the mission.

13
NBC CONT.
  • Note. After assuming MOPP4 and performing all the
    tasks according to the unit SOP perform the
    following actions1. Use all means of CB
    detection to check your surrounding area for the
    presence of contamination.2. Contact higher
    headquarters (HQ) if no contamination is found or
    if you determine the attack was non-CB.3. Await
    further guidance. (Higher HQ contacts all
    adjacent/attached units to check the status of CB
    contamination in their areas. If all units report
    the absence of contamination, the information is
    reported up the chain of command.)4. Annotate
    the above actions on your duty log (Department of
    the Army DA Form 1594).

14
References  Required
  • DA Form 1594
  • FM 3-5 
  • FM 3-4   
  • TM 3-4230-229-10   
  • TM 3-4230-235-10
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