Substance Abuse Prevention - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Substance Abuse Prevention

Description:

Substance Abuse Prevention Fulfilling the Promise Linda Dusenbury, Ph.D. Tanglewood Research Estimated Cost of Drug Abuse $150 billion for illicit drug abuse $200 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:2437
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 33
Provided by: LindaDu6
Learn more at: http://www.tanglewood.net
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Substance Abuse Prevention


1
Substance Abuse Prevention
  • Fulfilling the Promise
  • Linda Dusenbury, Ph.D.
  • Tanglewood Research

2
Estimated Cost of Drug Abuse
  • 150 billion for illicit drug abuse
  • 200 billion for alcohol abuse
  • 100 billion for tobacco use
  • Costs rise approximately 6 annually

3
Savings from Prevention
  • For every dollar spent
  • Estimated savings of 2.50 to 9.60
  • Average savings of 6.00

4
(No Transcript)
5
(No Transcript)
6
(No Transcript)
7
Questions to Consider
  • What substance are kids most likely to use?
  • What substance is most costly to our society?
  • How do rates compare to national averages?
  • What does California fund?

8
Comparison of Drug Use and Funding
9
Focus
  • Prevention efforts designed to reach youth in
  • Schools
  • Families
  • Communities

10
Quality of Research
  • Increasingly rigorous
  • Larger samples
  • More sophisticated research designs
  • More thorough data analysis
  • Greater concern for implementation fidelity
  • More accurate assessment measures
  • Longer follow-ups

11
School-Based Programs
12
Findings from School-Based Studies
  • Research-Based Programs
  • Reduce substance use
  • Produce lasting effects
  • Are cost effective

13
Key Elements ofEffective Programs
  • Theoretically valid program content
  • Comprehensive approaches
  • Developmentally appropriate material
  • Sensitivity to the culture and community
  • Sufficient dosage and follow-up
  • Use of interactive teaching techniques
  • Well-trained, well-supported implementers
  • Continuing evaluation

14
Content of Effective Programs
  • Norm Setting
  • Social Resistance Skill Training
  • Positive Youth Development

15
Norms
  • Refers to two concepts
  • How common a behavior is
  • How acceptable a behavior is

16
How Do Different Groups of Drinkers Estimate
Prevalence?
17
Differences in Actual and Perceived Rates of Use
among 7th Graders
Source California Student Survey 2001-02
18
Norm Setting Approaches
  • Correct erroneous perceptions of the norm among
    individuals
  • Build positive norms among the peer group
  • Reinforce positive norms within the community

19
Social Resistance Skills Training
  • Recognizing influences
  • Developing cognitive techniques
  • Developing peer resistance skills

20
Positive Youth Development
  • Personal Skills
  • Decision Making
  • Stress Management
  • Goal Setting
  • Social Skills
  • Communication Skills
  • General Social Skills
  • Assertiveness Skills

21
Comprehensive Approaches
  • Provides services throughout childhood and
    adolescence
  • Provide consistent messages across all of the
    environments where young people spend their time
  • School
  • Family
  • Communities

22
Prevention Programs Also Promote Academic
Achievement
  • Academic achievement benefits from
  • Social and personal skills
  • Positive norms
  • The reduction of multiple behaviors
  • Increased school bonding
  • Positive school climate
  • Involved families

23
Family-Based Approaches
24
Key Features of Effective Family-Based Programs
  • Train parents to monitor/supervise children
  • Promote positive relationships
  • Help parents develop positive family norms
  • Emphasize family bonding
  • Provide training in communication
  • Work to reduce conflict
  • Train parents in positive discipline techniques
  • Create positive alternative activities

25
Community-Based Approaches
26
Key Features of Effective Community-Based Programs
  • Promote positive norms in the community as well
    as within school and family
  • Provide training to decision makers and opinion
    leaders
  • Address the specific drug abuse problem in the
    local community
  • Launch media campaigns and policy changes that
    are accompanied by school and family
    interventions
  • Enforce existing laws

27
Mentoring Programs
  • Young people need positive relationships with
    caring adults for healthy development
  • While the literature on mentoring is growing,
    rigorous evaluation studies of mentoring programs
    are limited

28
Findings from 5 Evaluations of Mentoring Programs
  • Mentored youth were
  • Less likely to use alcohol and other drugs
  • More likely to attend school regularly
  • More likely to continue their education beyond
    high school
  • More likely to have positive attitudes toward
    school
  • Less likely to hit others

29
Faith Based Programs
  • Research has found a consistent relationship
    between involvement in faith-based activities and
    reduced alcohol and drug use
  • Research on faith-based interventions has been
    limited

30
Ineffective Prevention Strategies
  • Scare tactics and moralistic appeals
  • Exclusive focus on factual information
  • Exclusive focus on self-esteem
  • Testimonials by addicts
  • Congregating high-risk youth

31
What We Need
  • Funding
  • Funding needs to be stable or increased
  • Expand funding to include alcohol
  • Effective Programs
  • Training and Technical Support

32
California Resource for Selecting Programs
  • California Healthy Kids
  • Research-Validated Programs and Training
  • www.californiahealthykids.org
About PowerShow.com