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Ramadan Explained


Ramadan Explained Ramadan Mubarak NHS Blackburn with Darwen Valuing the Richness that Diversity Brings Aims of the presentation To provide information, advice and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ramadan Explained

Ramadan Explained
Ramadan Mubarak
  • NHS Blackburn with Darwen
  • Valuing the Richness that Diversity Brings

Aims of the presentation
  • To provide information, advice and guidance on
    arrangements during Ramadan (Ramzan).
  • Based on the organisations values and principles
    of valuing the richness that diversity brings.
  • We believe it is important that employees of the
    PCT understand the religious and cultural
    traditions of the people we serve and of those we
    work with in line with Employment Equality
    (Religion and Belief) Regulations 2003 and the
    Equality Act 2006.

What is Ramadan?
  • 9th month of the Hijri Calendar (Lunar calendar).
  • The Lunar calendar is approx 10 days shorter than
    the Gregorian calendar.
  • Ramadan begins at the sighting of the new Moon.
  • Commencing 1st / 2nd September 2008
  • Ramadan ends at the Waning Crescent.
  • Eid Ul Fitr falls at the end of Ramadan
  • 1st / 2nd October 2008
  • these dates are approximate as commencement of
  • and Eid are determined by the Lunar Calendar

Significance of Ramadan
  • It is the 4th pillar of the 5 pillars of Islam.
  • It is the month in which the Quran (the holy
    book of Islam) was revealed.
  • It is a special month of fasting, repentance,
    increased prayer and increased charity which
    people of the Muslim faith undertake.

Examples of Current Practice
  • Fasting (Roza)
  • During daylight hours is an essential element of
    Ramadan. Roza starts at dawn and ends at sunset.
  • Involves changing the balance of daily life i.e.
    doing less of the ordinary daily activities to
    practice self restraint and more of the
    spiritual, religious, moral and charitable
  • The person must not eat, drink, chew, smoke,
    swear, sing or dance, bully or fight with others,
    engage in sexual activity and must refrain from
    things that may be offensive to others.

Examples of Current Practice
  • Fasting continued
  • Muslims are expected to start and finish the Roza
    on time.
  • Muslims who are fasting will need to break their
    fast at the prescribed time (sunset).
  • Deliberately doing anything which is prohibited
    will break the fast and this is seen as bad or
    even worse that not fasting at all.
  • All Muslims fast except
  • Children, Adults who are unwell or travelling
    long distances, women who are menstruating, in
    post-child birth care, pregnant or breast

Examples of Current Practice
  • Prayer Times and facilities
  • Ramadan is a time when Muslims try to spend time
    in prayer and religious contemplation.
  • There is an all year round requirement for
    Muslims to pray five times daily at given times.
  • The most important prayer for Muslims is the
    Jummah prayer on Friday afternoon, during
    Ramadan Muslims are expected to offer extra
    prayers every evening (Taraveeh prayers).

Examples of Current Practice
  • As Ramadan is the celebration of the giving of
    the Quran to the world many Muslims will try to
    read the whole of the Quran during this month.
  • The evening before the 27th Roza is especially
    important as it is believed to be the very first
    day the Quran was revealed to the prophet. Many
    Muslims will stay up very late saying prayers and
    reading the Quran.

Working with Muslim Colleagues
  • During Ramadan
  • Try not to invite Muslim Colleagues to meetings
    which include lunch or extend after 5 pm.
  • Be understanding that this is the most special
    month in a Muslim's Calendar.
  • Be aware that it is common for Muslims to take
    annual leave during the last week of Ramadan, as
    the last 10 days are very important and also to
    take in Eid.
  • Eid Day is taken as a day to be spent with family
    and friends.
  • Greeting colleagues saying Ramadan Mubarak
    (Blessed Ramadan) is a polite way to greet
    colleagues during Ramadan.

Working with local Muslim communities
  • Consider fasting times when arranging meetings
    and home visits.
  • Ramadan is a holy month for most Muslim families.
    This means that families will be waking up during
    the night to eat and pray until the early hours
    of the morning and some families may go back to
    bed. So early morning visits from health
    professionals should be avoided unless they are
    necessary. (presently fasting opens at around
  • Visiting patterns need to be flexible and
    negotiated with individual families to save
    inconvenience and time.
  • Clinic appointments may be better in the early

  • It is hoped that this information will help
    colleagues to gain more understanding of what
    Ramadan means to our Colleagues who are of the
    Muslim Faith.
  • Jules Wall
  • Diversity and Equality Manager
  • Blackburn with Darwen Teaching Primary Care Trust
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