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F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940)

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Born Frances Scott Key Fitzgerald (after distant relative) in St. Paul, ... Sept. 1920 8 members of the Chicago White Sox accused of conspiring to lose the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940)


1
F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940)
  • Author of The Great Gatsby

2
Fitzgerald Bio. (1896-1940)
  • Born Frances Scott Key Fitzgerald (after distant
    relative) in St. Paul, Minnesota Midwesterner
    whose family had social pretensions, but not
    enough money charm and good looks traveled in
    best social circles aware of gap in wealth
  • Attended Princeton? moved East popular wrote
    for drama society
  • Spent time in military met and fell in love with
    Southern belle Zelda Sayre in Montgomery, AL
  • Lived poor life in East trying to be successful
    writer

3
Bio. contd.
First novel (This Side of Paradise) in March 1920
(Age 24), made him famous almost overnight at 24
voice of young people earns large sums for short
stories
4
F. Scott Zelda
  • Engaged to Zelda Sayre when he had a potentially
    successful novel
  • Zelda broke off their engagement, unwilling to
    live on a small salary.
  • A week after This Side of Paradise published,
    Zelda married him in New York.

5
F. Scott Zelda,contd.
  • Both became young celebrities
  • He gained a reputation as a drinker, and they
    spent money faster than he earned it (he wrote
    about the effects of money on character but was
    unable to manage his own finances)

6
Their life in the 1920s
  • Continued publishing novels, plays in the 20s
  • Had only child in 1921
  • ? daughter Francis Scott (Scottie)
  • The Great Gatsby published in 1925
  • Fitzgerald became identified with The Jazz Age,
    which he helped to name.
  • Dazzling couple partied, drove, drank, spent
    money recklessly expatriates in Europe

7
Zelda and F. Scott
8
Zelda
  • Had involvement with French man in 1924
  • In 1928, started ballet training to become a
    professional dancer
  • In April 1930, suffered her first breakdown
    treated at clinic in Switzerland till Sept. 1931

Suffered relapse in February 1932 and spent the
rest of her life as a resident or
outpatient of sanitariums In 1932, wrote Save Me
the Waltz, autobiographical novel he
thought it was taking the material he was
using in his novel-in-progress In 1948, died in a
fire at a hospital.
9
His Stories
  • Thought through hard work and gifts he could join
    charmed circles wrote about ambitions of
    youth, special magic of rich
  • Hectic charm of 20s
  • Flaming youth and wild parties
  • Lost Generation disillusioned with WWI
  • Fallen ideals and obsessions with sensation
  • Aspirations end with the Crash in 1929 his
    career and finances falter

10
The Great Gatsby
  • The Great Gatsby marked a striking advance in
    Fitzgerald's technique, utilizing a complex
    structure and a controlled narrative point of
    view.
  • Fitzgerald's achievement received critical
    praise, but sales of Gatsby were disappointing,
    though the stage and movie rights brought
    additional income.

11
Setting for Gatsby
12
Rosehill
13
Tom and Daisys Mansion
14
Ballroom in Gatsbys Mansion
15
Fitzgeralds Death
  • Died of a heart attack on December 21, 1940 while
    working on his Hollywood novel, The Love of the
    Last Tycoon
  • Died believing himself a failure, a sellout to
    Hollywood
  • Became famous again in the 1950s-60s

16
His Life as a Parable
  • He dreams of becoming rich and famous when he
    succeeds he is destroyed by his dreams
  • Realizes his gifts early burns out early

17
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18
Timeline 1920
Sept. 19208 members of the Chicago White Sox
accused of conspiring to lose the 1919 World
Series as part of deal with gamblers.
March 26Fitzgerald's This Side of Paradise, his
first novel, is published
January
August
Jan. 17Prohibition begins. 18th Amendment
prohibits making, selling, possession,
consumption of alcoholic beverages. (repealed in
1933)
March
Aug. 26Womens Suffrage victorious. 19th
Amendment allowing women the right to vote.
September
19
Timeline 1921-1929
March 25Women's fashions deemed so revealing
that Catholic Pope Pius XI urges a campaign
against them
Oct. 29The U.S. stock market crashes on "Black
Tuesday," The crash, combined with other negative
factors in the U.S. and world economies, brings
to an end the decade of the 1920s and starts the
Great Depression.
1925
1922
April 10The Great Gatsby published acclaimed
by critics, but was not a popular success in its
day.
1929
May 5Scopes Trial
20
The 192os
The Jazz Age The Roaring Twenties Speakeasies
Secret illegal bars Flappers Outspoken young
women with boyish manners and dress. ( modeled
their style based on the look of French
prostitutes)

21
(No Transcript)
22
Modernism (1900-1950)
  • Response to industrialization, WWI, major
    economic changes, world politics the stuff that
    made us all what we are now
  • Society (and literature) full of contradictory
    elements (both free and repressed, both
    traditional and anti-traditional, democratic and
    elitist, patriotic and critical)
  • The individual is alienated from others and even
    him/herself
  • Alienation leads to awareness about ones inner
    life

23
The Lost Generation "you are all a lost
generation" (Gertrude Stein said to Ernest
Hemingway)
  • The intellectuals, artists, and writers who
    rejected the values of post WWI America and moved
    to Paris
  • They searched for meaning, drank excessively,
    had love affairs, and created some of the best
    American literature
  • One of the first countercultures
  • Earliest expressers of the themes of spiritual
    alienation, self-exile, and cultural criticism
  • The fact that so many great minds ex-patriated
    and then made art out of it should show there was
    something wrong with the American Dream

24
What To Look For As You Read Gatsby
  • Elements of feminism
  • Which characters have power in this book and why
  • Characterization and motivation
  • Judgments and criticism (both said and unsaid)
  • Contradictions
  • How the book both proves and denies the American
    Dream
  • Things you think might be symbolic
  • How this book most represents modern America
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