Curriculum Theory - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 16
About This Presentation
Title:

Curriculum Theory

Description:

Curriculum theory-set of related educational concepts that affords a systematic ... critical thinking, listening, and communication important components ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:6363
Avg rating:5.0/5.0
Slides: 17
Provided by: Knut84
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Curriculum Theory


1
Chapter 3 Curriculum Theory
  • What is the nature and function of curriculum
    theory?
  • Curriculum theory-set of related educational
    concepts that affords a systematic and
    illuminating perspective of curricular phenomena
  • Functions of curriculum theory
  • --describe, explain, and predict
  • Theorists
  • --Apple-critical perspective on society and
    schools
  • --Tyler-guiding practices

2
--Faixs stages of theory development Stage 1
Basic theory Stage 2 Middle-range
theory Stage 3 General theory
3
  • What is the role of leadership in the development
    of curriculum theory?
  • Curriculum leaders
  • --need familiarity with broad spectrum of
    curriculum theory
  • --need to understand mirrored relationship
    between theory and practice
  • --need to comprehend what works and why
  • --need to understand the curriculum review
    process
  • --need to be supportive of change

4
  • Curriculum leaders
  • --need to be willing to formulate new
    instructional strategies

5
  • What are the major classifications of curriculum
    theory?
  • McNeil-dichotomy classification
  • --soft curricularists and hard curricularists
  • Pinar-tripartite classification
  • --traditionalists, conceptual empiricists, or
    reconceptualists
  • --Tyler/Hirsch-traditionalist
  • --Gagne-conceptual empiricist
  • --Eisner-reconceptualist

6
  • Eisner and Vallance-five orientations to the
    curriculum
  • --cognitive process approach
  • --curriculum-as-technology approach
  • --self-actualization approach
  • --social reconstruction-relevance approach
  • --academic rationalism approach
  • Hueneck-three types of curriculum theorizing
  • --structural
  • --generic
  • --substantive

7
  • Glatthorns curriculum theories based upon their
    domains of inquiry
  • --structure-oriented theories
  • --value-oriented theories
  • --content-oriented theories
  • --process-oriented theories
  • Structure-oriented theories
  • --concerned with components of the curriculum
    and their
  • interrelationships
  • --rely on empirical research, using quantitative
    and qualitative methodologies
  • --develop global theories

8
  • --concerned with curricular phenomena occurring
    at institutional instructional levels
  • --Posner representative of microlevel theorists
  • Value-oriented theories
  • --engaged in educational consciousness-raising
  • --sometimes identified as critical theorists
  • --concerned with value issues in hidden and
    stated curricula
  • --value-oriented theorists Macdonald Apple

9
  • Content-oriented theories
  • --concerned with major sources that should
    influence the selection and organization of the
    curriculum content
  • --child-centered curricula (affective education,
    open education, developmental education)
  • --knowledge-centered curricula (structures of
    the discipline, ways of knowing)
  • --society-centered curricula (conformists,
    reformers, futurists, radicals)
  • Process-oriented theories
  • --system for examining curricular processes
    needed

10
  • --system should include all process elements
    that are important
  • --system should be open-ended
  • --system should emphasize description and
    analysis, not evaluation
  • Smiths alternative curriculum approaches
  • --transmission of information
  • --end product
  • --process
  • --praxis

11
  • Smiths elements of curriculum theory and
    practice

The Theoretical
The Practical
The Productive
Syllabus/Content
Process/Values
Technology/Product
Praxis/Awareness
Source Adapted from Smith, M.K. (2000)
12
  • Curriculum as transmission of information
  • --curriculum is a body of knowledge to be
    transmitted
  • --equates with use of syllabus
  • --similar to Glatthorns structured-oriented
    theories
  • Curriculum as end project
  • --goals and objectives common focus of theorists
  • --less concern with how curriculum taught
  • --similar to Glatthorns content-oriented
    theories
  • --proponents focus on real problems, real
    audiences, real deadlines, transformations, and
    appropriate evaluations

13
  • --example of product-based approach-Understanding
    by Design (Wiggins and McTighe)
  • --looks at instruction from results
    orientation-focus on assessment first and
    relevant instructional activities last
  • Curriculum as a process
  • --focus on interaction among teachers, student,
    parent, and knowledge
  • --focus on what actually takes place in the
    classroom and the learning process
  • --critical thinking, listening, and
    communication important components

14
  • --earlier approach-instructional design process
  • --relates to Glatthorns value-oriented
    theorists
  • Curriculum as praxis/awareness
  • --praxis models-practical deliberations and
    differentiated curriculum
  • --technology used to speed up process of a
    higher level of awareness
  • --differentiated instruction follows closely
    with constructivist philosophy
  • --constructivist philosophy-making meaning of
    ones environment

15
--Paperts constructionism approach-assumes
children do best by finding knowledge for
themselves --constructionism-idea of mental
construction
16
  • How has technology been a catalyst for curriculum
    change?
  • Current curriculum design based on brain
    research-Gardners work on multiple
    intelligences and dimensions of learning
  • Technology-catalyst for change
  • --activities and cooperative learning
  • --thematic units emphasizing interdisciplinary
    and integrated learning approaches
  • --web-based alternative learning create a
    variety of theoretical constructs
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com