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Title: IR must treat Orissa fairly: starting with speedy completion of Khurda Rd- Balangir line


1
IR must treat Orissa fairly starting with speedy
completion of Khurda Rd- Balangir line
  • Chitta Baral

2
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3
Basic facts
  • Rail connectivity is very important for
    development
  • Orissa is at the bottom of most parameters in
    India and its KBK and adivasi districts are the
    most backward in the country.
  • Indian Railways makes a lot of its revenue and
    profit from Orissa (about 3000 crores/yr)
  • ECOR (Bhubaneswar HQ, Sambalpur, Khurda Rd,
    Vizag), SECR (Bilaspur HQ Div, Nagpur, Raipur)
    and SER (Kolkata HQ, Adra, CKP, KGP, Ranchi, but
    includes a lot of Orissa) include Orissa.
  • By mostly transporting minerals
  • But spends only about 1000 crores/yr on new
    lines, gauge conversion, and doubling
  • As a result rail density is among the lowest in
    states like Chhatisgarh and Orissa especially in
    its backward, tribal, maoist infested areas.
  • In essence
  • Indian Railways continues be an exploiter of
    Orissa and Chhatisgarh and partly responsible for
    the backwardness of many districts of Orissa such
    as KBK
  • This exploitation of Orissa and Chhatisgarh by IR
    must STOP!
  • IR must not take from the poor (Orissa) and give
    to the rich.
  • It must spend all its profit from Orissa in
    Orissa until Orissa is at par with the country.
  • It is a lie that IR only does profitable lines
    12000 kms of gauge conversions are mostly
    unprofitable lines

4
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6
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7
IR must speed-up establishing connectivity to the
KBK and other Adivasi areas of Orissa and
neighboring states
  • Khurda Rd - Balangir
  • Naupada-Gunupur-Therubali
  • Lanjigarh Rd Junagarh Nabarangpur
    -Jeypore-Malkangiri Ranchi-Hyderabad Rail
  • Extended to Bhadrachalam-Bhadrachalam Rd in
    Andhra Pradesh
  • Bhadrachalam Rd is connected to Dornakal
    which is halfway in between Vijaywada and
    Kazipet
  • Talcher-Bimlagarh (in Sundergarh District)
  • Bangiriposi -Gurumahishasini and/or
    Buramara-Chakulia

8
2004-05 rail density
  • Average rail density for India is 19.13.
  • The rail density is highest in Delhi (138.2)
    followed by West Bengal (43.4), Punjab (41.6),
    Haryana (36.1), Bihar (35.9), Uttar Pradesh
    (35.8), Tamil Nadu (32.1), Assam (31.9), Kerala
    (27), Gujarat (26.9) and Jharkhand (24.3).
  • Among the major states outside Northeast and
    Jammu and Kashmir the lowest rail density is in
    Himachal Pradesh (5.1), followed by Uttarakhand
    (6.4), Chhattisgarh (8.6), Orissa (14.6),
    Karnataka (15.5), Madhya Pradesh (15.9),
    Rajasthan (17), Maharashtra (17.9), Goa (18.6)
    and Andhra Pradesh (18.9).

9
Expected change in rail density - 1
  • Several new rail connections are under works,
    some to be in expedited mode due to PPP built
    port and mine linkages
  • Haridaspur-Paradeep
  • Bhadrak-Dhamara
  • Angul-Sukinda rd
  • Gauge conversion of 13,000 kms is being given
    priority Project unigauge
  • Orissa has only two short gauge conversion
    projects
  • Baripada-Bangiriposi (37.4kms)
  • Naupada-Gunupur (90 kms)
  • Others states have huge stretches of narrow gauge
    under prioritized conversion
  • http//www.hindu.com/2006/12/25/stories/2006122521
    080100.htm all 13,000 kms is proposed to be done
    in the 11th plan.

10
Expected change in rail density - 2
  • Orissa is so behind
  • Can not even think of metro rail and circular
    rail
  • Metro rails are being planned all over the
    country
  • First two dedicated freight corridors do not pass
    through Orissa
  • None of the high-speed corridors that have been
    talked about pass through Orissa.
  • Summary Despite the proposed PPP built linkages,
    and two short gauge conversions, Orissa may
    actually drastically fall behind in rail density.
  • Conclusion KBK and Adivasi area Connectivity
    must be finished during the 11th plan under
    whatever scheme.

11
Delay in Khurda Rd Balangir
  • Approved by Planning Commission -1993 Cost
    estimate 700 crores
  • 1993-2007 88 crores 2008-2009 32 crores
    Remaining 580 crores
  • Annual allocation is less than inflation So at
    this rate it will never finish
  • ECORs recent statement on June 17 2008 Khurda
    Road-Bolangir New Line Project sanctioned at a
    cost of Rs. 700.00 crores (Approx) is poised for
    continued progress.  The Phase-I of the project
    (For 36 Kms) has been sanctioned by the Ministry
    at a cost of Rs. 69.98 crores. The East Coast
    Railway  Construction Organisation has almost
    completed the land acquisition and earth work for
    phase-I of the project.  Some bridges have also 
    been completed in this portion.  In rest of the
    section, the land acquisition work has already
    been taken up in Khurda, Nayagarh and Bolangir
    districts. This year (2008-09), Rs. 32.00 crores
    of funds have been allotted for various works
    which are in progress in this project.  Detailed
    estimate of Phase-II of the project is also under
    consideration of Railway Board. It is also likely
    that more funds may be allotted to this project
    if the problems of land acquisition, forestry
    clearance and law order do not hamper the
    progress and pace of work.  It may also be
    mentioned that for such social oriented projects,
    the financial participation by State Government
    other Agencies would also act as catalyst in
    speeding up the completion of this project in
    less time.

12
IR not to be believed on Khurda Rd- Balangir
  • The Current IR policies do not favor it
  • They focus on
  • Doubling, tripling, Electrification
  • Gauge conversion
  • Financially beneficial lines
  • Lines related to Rail Ministers constituencies
  • National Projects
  • Freight corridors metros
  • They want States to chip in 50 for the other
    projects they categorize as social oriented
    project

13
Current IR priorities are flawed and harmful to
parts of Orissa (eg. KBK and Adivasi areas)
  • They do not seem to be taking into account the
    profit and revenue IR makes from its Orissa
    operations
  • Especially from transporting minerals that are
    present in the Adivasi areas of Orissa

14
Profitability of some IR zones Zone working
expenses as part of Gross Earnings
Zones 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 (budget)
South East Central 62.8 56.10 49.97 47.2 47.2 51.6
East Coast 66.64 61.75 54 53.03 48.8 50.8
North Central 76.33 66.71 61.06 58.22 55.6 59.4
Central 80.29 82.48 84.82 79.33 76.8 83.3
South Eastern 81.24 83.51 67.54 58.39 55.1 60
South Central 85.72 83.62 79.7 71.83 67.5 73.8
West Central 80.99 84.08 82.67 67.8 68.8 73.1
South Western 91.35 86.15 80.97 74 70.8 74.6
Western 93.21 90.85 85.11 79.20 79.1 86.5
Northern 91.08 92.89 83.9 88.32 88.5 77
East Central 93.65 98.90 82.3 85.23 88.3 97.6
15
Loss made by some IR zones Zone working
expenses as part of Gross Earnings
Zones 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 (budget)
Metro Kolkata 247.40 264.38 237.92 221.28
North Eastern 151.93 160.88 144.72 132.64 120.1 134
Northeast Frontier 147.98 159.45 128.85 108.07 117.6 107.2 129.2
Eastern 161.30 152.84 145.4 150.52 139.5 161
Southern 118.55 120.79 114.45 105.85 101 111.5
Northwestern 106.26 104.98 91.78 86.91 87.1 86.5 99.6
16
ECOR Railway
  • ECOR has 4 of IRs tracks
  • 7 of IRs earnings in 2006-07, 2005-06, 2004-05
  • 15, 20 and 27 of IRs profit in 2006-07,
    2005-06, 2004-05
  • Gross Earnings and Profit
  • 2008-2009 (budget) 6034.11 crores and 3077.15
    crores
  • 2007-2008 5482.59 crores and 2912.26 crores
  • 2006-2007 4425.19 crores and 2168.60 crores
  • 2005-2006 3934.04 crores and 1809.98 crores
  • 2004-2005 3312.71 crores and 1261.39 crores
  • The profit mostly comes from transporting
    minerals available in the Adivasi districts of
    Orissa, AP and Chhatisgarh
  • If only some of it was ploughed back to those
    districts!
  • But alas the IR priorities rule that out saying
  • Khurda Rd- Balangir is a social thing (euphemism
    for not profitable)

17
IR must find a way to complete in a time bound
manner
  • Khurda Balangir line (during 11th plan)
  • Naupada-Gunupur-Therubali (during 11th plan)
  • Lanjigarh Rd Junagarh Nabarangpur -Jeypore-
    Malkangiri - Bhadrachalam-Bhadrachalam Rd (Andhra
    Pradesh)
  • Talcher-Bimlagarh (in Sundergarh District)
  • Bangiriposi -Gurumahishasini and/or
    Buramara-Chakulia (during 11th plan)

18
What are some of the ways
  • Change its definition of priorities to include
    lines in profitable zones serving Adivasis and
    backward areas as priorities
  • A fiscally conservative version of RARSY (Remote
    area rail sampark yojana proposed in 2004 Rail
    budget by the then Rail Minister Nitish Kumar)
  • Declare them as National projects on the ground
    that these areas are also a kind of frontier and
    serve strategic interests.
  • Make ECOR an independent unit like Konkan Railway
  • Let ECOR figure out how to manage its business
    and still make profit.
  • Vizag wants out of ECOR
  • Let the AP part of ECOR go out
  • In return add the Orissa portion of SER as well
    as Orissa portion of SE Central

19
National projects
  • This means that it will be constructed and
    completed irrespective of cost.
  • The central government will fund the entire
    project.
  • Currently
  • Kashmir railways
  • Railways in the north eastern states
  • Proposed (in works)
  • New rail lines in Uttarakhand

20
National projects in Northeast
  • Aim The planning commission aims to break the
    sense of isolation associated with it. Several
    projects for the NE have been planned during the
    11th five year plan.
  • The lines that are national projects
  • Kumaraghat-Agartala Jiribhum-Tulpul
    Dimapur-Zuzba Azra-Byrnihat and the Bogibeel
    rail-cum-road bridge.
  • Rangiya-Murkongselek Kathakal-Bairabi gauge
    conversion
  • New line from Jiribam to Imphal Road (Tupul) 98
    km at an anticipated cost of Rs.728 crore and is
    targeted for completion by March, 2010.
  • New line from Kumarghat to Agartala-109 kms at a
    cost of Rs.880 crore and is targeted for
    completion during 2006-07.
  • Gauge conversion of Lumding-Silchar-Jiribam
    Badarpur-Baraigram 292 kms at an estimated cost
    of Rs.1500 crore and is targeted for completion
    by March 2009.

21
National project in J K
  • National project status since 2001
  • Jammu-Srinagar
  • Estimated 6000 crores for the entire project.

22
Plans for Uttarakhand proposed to be a national
project
  • http//in.news.yahoo.com/070621/48/6h8tz.html
  • The Railway Ministry is planning to lay new broad
    gauge lines between
  • Tanakpur-Bageshwar (154 km long and is likely to
    cost around Rs 2,371 crore ) survey in 2006 and
  • Rishikesh-Karnprayag (125 km long and would
    require a sum of roughly Rs 2,000 crore for
    construction) no survey yet
  • and get both the routes declared as National
    Projects.
  • Both these links are expected to improve
    connectivity to the Garhwal and Kumaon regions of
    the state.

23
The other frontier of India that is forgotten by
Indian Railways!
  • Which other district clusters of India are hard
    to access?
  • Which district clusters of India are among the
    most backward?
  • Way backward than J K and Northeast.
  • Which other district clusters of India have a
    huge tribal population?
  • Which other district clusters of India have
    extremist groups?
  • Which other district clusters of India have dense
    forests and are hard to access
  • The cluster of districts consisting of
  • KBK districts in Orissa
  • Adjacent districts in Andhra Pradesh
  • Adjacent districts in Chhattisgarh
  • These district clusters are much far from the
    mainstream India than most of Northeast and Jammu
    and Kashmir.
  • Ironically the KBK and surrounding districts are
    rich in minerals and railways earns a lot of
    revenue from transporting minerals from those
    locations
  • Most lines are dangling and unfinished and not
    properly connected and have minimal passenger
    services.

24
KBK Statistics
  • KBK districts are the most backward districts in
    Orissa as well as India.
  • Population below the poverty line in southern
    Orissa (of which KBK is a part) is reported to be
    89.17 of the people according to the 1999-2000
    NSS data and 72 of the families according to the
    1997 census.
  • The literacy rates in the KBK districts are
    abysmally low.
  • Malkangiri 31.26, Nabarangpur 34.26, Rayagada
    35.61, Koraput 36.2, Nuapada 42.29, Kalahandi
    46.2, Balangir 54.93, Sonepur 64.07. Two
    adjacent districts also have low literacy
    Gajapati 41.73 and Kandhamala 52.95. The state
    average is 63.1.
  • The tribal population percentage of the KBK
    districts are as follows
  • Malkangiri 58.36 (19.96 SC), Rayagada 56.04
    (14.28 SC), Nabarangpur 55.27 (15.09 SC),
    Koraput 50.67 (13.41 SC), Nuapada 35.95
    (13.09 SC), Kalahandi 28.88 (17.01 SC),
    Sonepur 22.11 (9.5 SC), Balangir 22.06
    (15.39 SC).
  • Two adjacent districts also have high tribal
    population. They are Kandhamala 51.51 (18.21
    SC) and Gajapati 47.88 (8.77 SC)
  • Tirbal percentage of Mayurbhanj is 57.87 and
    Sundergarh is 50.74.

25
KBK districts among the most backward
  • In the book District Level Deprivation in the
    New Millenium Bibek Debroy of Rajiv Gandhi
    Institute for Contemporary Studies and Laveesh
    Bhandari of Indicus Analytics use the six
    indicators income poverty (poverty ratios),
    hunger, infant mortality rate, immunization,
    literacy rate and enrollment ratios to come up
    with a list of 69 backward districts in India.
  • They use the notion that a district is backward
    if it is in the bottom 25 percentile in at least
    four of the six indicators.
  • In their list of 69 backward districts there are
    10 districts from Orissa.
  • Balangir, Kalahandi, Koraput, Nawrangpur,
    Nuapada, Rayagada, Gajapati, Kandhamala,
    Mayurbhanj, and Sundergarh.
  • Of these the first six are in KBK, the next two
    are adjacent to KBK, i.e., in KBK.

26
Planning Commission and others on backwardness
and Railways
  • Planning Commission in its report comparing the
    development status of economic infrastructure of
    Orissa, especially the KBK region, vis-a-vis the
    country says
  • "Railways have always played an important role in
    the economic development and rapid social
    transformation in all parts of the globe.
  • It is one of the key economic infrastructures.
  • However, it is most unfortunate that in a poor
    and backward state like Orissa, development of
    rail networks has received much less attention of
    the Central government in the post-independence
    period."
  • Similarly in analyzing the 69 backward districts
    of India Bibek Debroy and Laveesh Bhandari say
  • "Rail network is significantly less dense in the
    backward districts (with the exception of
    Northern Bihar),
  • and even the parts that are connected may not
    have frequent trains serving those locations."

27
Impact of the 3 KBK lines -1(Khurda Rd-Balangir
Naupada-Gunupur-Therubali Lanjigarh Rd-
Jeypore-Malkangiri)
  • Parlakhemundi, the district headquarter of
    Gajapati will be on Broad gauge rail and will be
    305 kms from Bhubaneswar (the state capital).
  • Sonepur, the district HQ of Sonepur district will
    be on Broad gauge rail and will be 259 kms from
    Bhubaneswar (the state capital).
  • Boudh, the district HQ of Boudha district will be
    on Broad gauge and will be 217 kms from
    Bhubaneswar (the state capital).
  • Nayagarha, the district HQ of Nayagarha district
    will be on Broad gauge and will be 84 kms from
    Bhubaneswar (the state capital).
  • Bhawanipatna, the district HQ of Kalahandi
    district will be on Broad gauge and will be 450
    kms from Bhubaneswar via Balangir and 504 kms
    from Bhubaneswar (the state capital) via Gunupur.
  • I.e. 5 district head quarters will now be
    connected to the broad gauge and all of them will
    be within half a day from the state capital.

28
Impact of the 3 KBK lines -2(Khurda Rd-Balangir
Naupada-Gunupur-Therubali Lanjigarh Rd-
Jeypore-Malkangiri)
  • Balangir, the district HQ of Balangir district
    will now be 309 kms from Bhubaneswar instead of
    current 397 kms.
  • Nawapara Rd, near the district HQ of Nawapara
    district will now be 459 kms from Bhubaneswar
    instead of the earlier 547 kms. (will further
    reduced by the proposed Baragarh Rd Nawapara Rd
    line)
  • Rayagada, the district HQ of Rayagada district
    will now be 419 kms from Bhubaneswar instead of
    the current 502 kms.
  • Koraput, the district HQ of Koraput district will
    now be 573 kms from Bhubaneswar instead of the
    current 676 kms.
  • Titlagarh, a major junction will now be 373 kms
    from Bhubaneswar instead of the current 461 kms.
  • 2 district HQs (Nawapara and Rayagada) will now
    be within half a day distance from the state
    capital.

29
Railways and Tribal employment 1
  • Railways is the largest employer in the world
    1.6 million employees.
  • It goes without saying that they must employ
    adequate number of people from tribal and
    backward districts
  • How will they?
  • Is the current approach of expecting tribals from
    districts such as KBK going from their remote
    villages to Railway job centers adequate
  • Not at all.
  • Can it be improved?
  • Yes!
  • Have some job centers where the tribals live.

30
Railways and tribal employment 2
  • IR's current major production units are
  • Railway Coach factory in Kapurthala (Punjab)
  • Integral Coach factory in Perambur near Chennai
  • Diesel loco works in Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)
  • Chittaranjan Loco works in Chittaranjan (West
    Bengal)
  • Diesel-loco modernisation works in Patiala
    (Punjab) and
  • Wheel and Axle plant in Bangalore (Karnataka)
  • New proposed ones (under works)
  • Rail Coach factory in Rae Bareli (cost 1000
    crores direct employment 5000 people indirect
    employment10,000)
  • Rail engine factory in Bihar's Saran district
    (cost 1000 crores direct employment 5000
    people indirect employment10,000)
  • Wheel factory in Chhapra, Bihar
  • Bogey and parts manufacturing unit, Alappuzha
    district, Kerala.
  • Electric multiple unit, Kerala.
  • Please consider making a major production unit in
    the backward KBK districts
  • It will have a huge impact on the tribals there.

31
Conclusion
  • The KBK districts of Orissa and adjacent
    districts in Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh are
    the other frontier of India
  • among the most backward, inaccessible, tribal,
    extremist infested, and the farthest away from
    mainstream India
  • Railways must connect these areas during the 11th
    plan in whatever way possible. In particular,
  • Khurda Rd Balangir
  • Naupada-Gunupur-Therubali
  • Lanjigarh Rd Bhawanipatna-Junagarh-Nabrangpur-Jey
    pore-Malkangiri
  • Talcher-Bimlagarh
  • Bangiriposi-Gurumahisasini and/or
    Buramara-Chakulia
  • Railways must establish 1-2 major production
    units in this area.

32
APPENDIX
33
Zones New lines gauge conversion in 2007-2008 budget over 10 crores allocation
Central Ahmednagar-Parli (10,427), Putamba-Shirdi (20,15.6),Miraj-Latur(75.5,66)
Eastern Deogarh-Dumka(10,0),Deoghar-Sultanganj(35,181),Rampurhat-Mandarhil(22,39), Azimganj-Jiaganj (22,39)
E. Central Sakri-Hasanpur(20,5),Munger-Ganga-Rail-cum-Rd-bridge(120,610),Patna-Hajipur Ganga bridge(100,321), Ara-Sasaram(25,0), Giridh-Koderma(20,0), Muzaffarpur-Sitamarhi(40,91), Rajgir-Hisua (10,94), Koderma-Ranchi(50,0), Kosi Bridge(30,276), Koderma-Tilaiya(25,351), Fatuah-Islampur(10,198), Mansi-Saharsa (40,123)
ECOR LanjigarhRd-Junagarh(12,84),Khurda Rd-Balangir(20,612),Haridaspur-Paradeep (20,481), Talcher-Bimlagarh(15,767), Naupada-Gunupur (25,0)
Northern Chandigarh-Ludhiana(30,302),Rewari-Rohtak(40,43),Abohar-Fazilka(10,50), Nangal dam Talwara (24,158), Delhi-Rewari (10,0)
N. Central Guna-Bhind(30,76),Lalitpur-SatnaKhajuraho(50,732),
N. Eastern Hathua-Batni(40,133),Gonda-Gorakhpur(25,239), Gonda-Lucknow(10,58)
NE. Frontier Kumarghat-Agartala(45,182),Bogibeel Br(249,831),Jirbam-Imphal(15,625),New Moynaguri-Jogighopa(55,704), Lumdig-Silchar(90,696), N Jalpaiiguri-Silguri(25,50),Rangiya-Murkongselek(22,884), Aluabari Rd Silguri(15,155)
N. Western Ajmer-Pushkar(10,44), Phulera-Bilara(20,0), Srigangnagar loop(30,136),Ajmer-Rewari(125,74)
Southern Missing Data
S. Central Pedapalli-Nizamabad(35,306), Gulbarga-Bidar(20,301), Nandyal-Yerruguntla(15,118), Gadwal-Raichur(18,47), Obulavaripalle-Kpatnam(10,406),Jaggayapet-Mallacheruvu(10,43), Dharmavaram-Pakkala(85,191)
S. Eastern Rupsa-Bangiriposi(35,26), Bankura-Damodar Valley(40,72), Ranch-Lohardaga(10,0)
SE Central Dallirajahara-Jagdalpur(13,362), Chhindwara-Nagpur(70,267)
S. Western Missing Data
Western Pratapnaar-Chote Udepur(50,136), Rajpipla-Ankleshwar (10,105)
W. Central Ramganj Mandi-Bhopal (30,622),
34
Zones New lines gauge conversion in 2008-2009 budget over 10 crores allocation
Central Amravati-Narkher(20,82), Ahmednagar-Parli (10,436), Putamba-Shirdi (10,7),Miraj-Latur(95,196)
Eastern Deogarh-Dumka(25,128),Deoghar-Sultanganj(35,167), Tarkeshwar-Bishnupur (15,153), Rampurhat-Mandarhil(10,57), Azimganj-Jiaganj (25,13), Bardhaman-Katwa (20,81)
E. Central Munger-Ganga-Rail-cum-Rd-bridge(25,281),Patna-Hajipur Ganga bridge(25,438), Ara-Sasaram(20,5), Giridh-Koderma(20,0), Muzaffarpur-Sitamarhi(44,37), Rajgir-Hisua (20,43), Koderma-Ranchi(35,0), Kosi Bridge(50.254), Koderma-Tilaiya(15,299), Hajipur-Sagauli(20,234), Chhapra-Muzaffarpur(20,356), Darbhanga-Kusheshwar (20,184), Mansi-Saharsa (45,61)
ECOR LanjigarhRd-Junagarh((35,57),Khurda Rd-Balangir(32,580),Haridaspur-Paradeep (80,401), Talcher-Bimlagarh(10,847), Naupada-Gunupur (10,14.7)
Northern Chandigarh-Ludhiana(30,203),Rewari-Rohtak(55,23),Abohar-Fazilka(25,126), Nangal dam Talwara (30,109), Tarantaran-Goindwal (10,10), Jind-Sonepat( 20,96), Deoband-Roorkee(10,43), Delhi-Rewari (15,0)
N. Central Guna-Bhind(50,66),Lalitpur-SatnaKhajuraho(60,649), Etawah-Manipur(20,36), Agra-Etawah(10,106)
N. Eastern Hathua-Batni(24,140), Gonda-Gorakhpur(25,240), Gonda-Lucknow(10,58), Bhojpura-Tanakpur(25,120)
NE. Frontier Eklakhi-Balurghat( 10,52), Kumarghat-Atala(10,187), Harmuti-Inagar( 30,125), Bogibeel Br(75,742),Jirbam-Imphal(25,682),New Moynaguri-Jogighopa(60,630), Azra-Barnihat(10,189), Dimapur-Kohima (10,839), Lumdig-Silchar(136,427), Katakhal-Bhairabi( 15,51), N JGuri-Sguri(25,69),Rangiya-M(50,842), Aluabari - Sguri(10,292)
N. Western Dausa-Gangapur(14,282), Ajmer-Pushkar(19,23), Srigangnagar loop(50,109),Ajmer-Rewari(150,172)
Southern Tinduvanam-Tiruvanamalai(10,114),Tindivanam-Nagari(30,421), tanur-Guruvayur(10,118), Kanur-Salem(10,94), Angamali-Sabarimala (15,518), Mailaduturai-Karaikudi(50,344), Qillon-Vnagar(90,187),Thanjavur-Vpurum(10,12)
S. Central Missing data
S. Eastern Rupsa-Bangiriposi(40,11), Bankura-Damodar Valley(40,41), Ranch-Lohardaga(25,17)
SE Central Dallirajahara-Jagdalpur(25,425), Chhindwara-Nagpur(80,490)
S. Western Kottur-Harihar(30,17.5), Kadur-Sakleshpur(10,198), Hassan-Bangalore(55,116), Hubli-Ankolka( 10,912), Rayadurg-Tumkur(15,842), Bangalore-Hubli(40,60), Kolar-Chickballapur( 70,9)
Western C.Udepur-Dhar ( 14,556), Dahod-Indore( 20,658), Pratapnaar-C. Udepur(55,102), Rajpipla-Ankleshwar (15,185)
W. Central Ramganj Mandi-Bhopal (30,598),
35
RVNL Projects http//www.rvnl.org/project/projec
ts-in-progress.php
  • 1   NEW DELHI - TILAK BRIDGE 5TH 6TH LINE 
  • 2   ATTIPATTU - KORUKKUPET 3RD LINE DOUBLING 
  • 3   PATTABIRAM - TRIUVALLUR 4TH LINE  
  • 4   GOOTY - RENIGUNTA PATCH DOUBLING 
  • 5   RENIGUNTA - GUNTAKAL ELECT 
  • 6   TOMKA -BANASPANI - RE 
  • 7   TALCHAR-CUTTACK-PARADEEP DOUBLING WITH
  • 8   BILASPUR - URKURA 3RD LINE DOUBLING 
  • 9   PUNE - GUNTAKAL RLY ELECT. 
  • 10   PAKNI - MOHOL DOUBLING 
  • 11   RAICHUR - GUNTAKAL DOUBLING 
  • 12   PALWAL - BHUTESWAR 3RD LINE DOUBLING 
  • 13   ALIGARH - GHAZIABAD 3RD LINE DOUBLING 
  • 14   SAMBALPUR - TITLAGARH - DOUBLING 
  • 15   JN CABIN - PALWAL 4TH LINE DOUBLING 

36
RVNL Projects (cont) http//www.rvnl.org/project
/projects-in-progress.php
  • 16   PANSKURA - KHARAGPUR 3RD LINE DOUBLING 
  • 17   RAJATGARH - BARANG DOUBLING 
  • 18   RAIPUR - TITLAGARH - DOUBLING 
  • 19   CUTTACK - BARANG DOUBLING 
  • 20   KHURDA ROAD - BARANG 3RD LINE DOUBLING 
  • 21   BHOPAL - BINA 3RD LINE DOUBLING 
  • 22   TIKIAPARA - SANTRAGACHI DOUBLING
  •  23   DAUND - GULBARGA DOUBLING
  •  24   HOSPET - GUNTAKAL DOUBLING 
  • 25   BHARUCH - SAMNI - DAHEJ GAUGE CONVERSION 
  • 26   AJMER - PHULERA - RINGUS - REWARI GAUGE 
  • 27   THANJAVUR - VILLUPURAM GAUGE CONVERSION 
  • 28   BHILDI - SAMDARI GAUGE CONVERSION

37
RVNL Projects (cont) http//www.rvnl.org/project
/projects-in-progress.php
  • 29   PANSKURA - HALDIA PH II DOUBLING 
  • 30   HARIDASPUR - PARADEEP NEW LINE 
  • 31   SURAT - HAJIRA NEW LINE 
  • 32   VALLAPARPADM - IDAPALLY NEW LINE 
  • 33   OBULAVARIPALLE - KRISHNAPATTNAM NEW LINE 
  • 34   SALKA ROAD - ANNUPPUR DOUBLING 
  • 35   ANGUL - SUKINDA NEW LINE 
  • 36   JAKHPURA- HARIDASPUR 3RD LINE DOUBLING 
  • 37   DALLI - RAJHARA - RAOGHAT 
  • 38   GOELKERA - MANOHARPUR 3RD LINE DOUBLING 
  • 39   PANSKURA - KHARAGPUR 3RD LINE DOUBLING 
  • 40   HOSPET - TINAIGHAT - DOUBLING 
  • 41   BANASPANI - JAKHPURA DOUBLING

38
New Lines
  • From http//eastcoastrailway.gov.in/common/departm
    ent-division-info/construction/new-lines.htm
  • Khurda - Bolangir (289 Km.)   
  • Langigarh Rd. - Junagarh (56 Km.)   
  • Haridaspur - Paradeep (82 Km.)   
  • Sukinda Road - Angul (98 Km.)   
  • Talcher - Bimalgarh (154 Km.)

39
New Lines under survey
  • From http//eastcoastrailway.gov.in/common/departm
    ent-division-info/construction/new-lines-under-sur
    vey.htm
  • Jeypore-Kottameta new BG rail link (128)
  • Puri-Konark new BG rail link (30)
  • Phulbani-Berhampur new BG line (175)
  • Talcher/Hindol Road - Gopalpur/Berhampur new BG
    rail link (245)
  • Talcher-Bimlagarh new BG rail link (130)
  • Bargarh-Nawapara Road new BG link via Padampur
    (120)
  • Jeypore-Nawarangpur new BG line (45)

40
List of New line ,Gauge conversion Doubling in
progress on Indian Railways
  • 1. DB Diva- kalyan CR 70.0
  • 2. DB panvel-jasai-jawaharlal nehru p.t. CR 53.2
  • 3. DB Gurap-saktigarh(26km) ER 53.7
  • 4. DB New delhi ? tilak bridge(2.65 km) NR 55.4
  • 5. DB Tughlakabad(joint cabin)-palwal(33.5 km) NR
    83.0
  • 6. DB Attipattu - Korukkupettai - 3rd line (18
    km) SR 69.16
  • 7. DB Pattabiram - Tiruvallur - 4th line (15.06
    km) Tiruvallur - Arakkonam -3rd line (26.83 km)
    SR 1.00
  • 8. DB Gooty ? Renigunta (151km) SCR 33.64
  • 9. DB Hospet ? Guntakal (115km) SCR 82.21
  • 10. DB Tikiapara ? Santragachi (5.6km) SER 49.79
  • 11. DB Talcher - Cuttack - Paradeep - 2nd bridges
    on Birupa Mahanadi rivers (3 km) Eco.R 10.00
  • 12. DB Cuttack - Barang (12 km) Eco.R 178.98
  • 13. DB Khurda - Barang - 3rd line (35 km) Eco.R
    207.00
  • 14. DB Rajatgarh - Barang (20 km) Eco.R 2.87
  • 15. DB Bilaspur - Urkura (110 km) SECR 105.13

41
List of New line ,Gauge conversion Doubling in
progress on Indian Railways
  • 16. GC miraj-latur(359 km) CR 515.6
  • 17. GC Naupada - Gunupur (90 km) Eco.R 91.30
  • 18. GC Mansi - Saharsa, incl. Saharsa - Dauram
    Madhepura - Purnea (143km) ECR 310.00
  • 19. GC Sakri - Laukaha Bazar - Nirmali Saharsa
    - Forbesganj (206.06 km) ECR 355.81
  • 20. GC gonda-baharaich(60 km) NER 73.4
  • 21. GC gonda-gorakhpur loop with
    anandnagar-nautawa NER 381.2
  • 22. GC Aluabari Road ? Siliguri (76km) NFR 170.0
  • 23. GC Katakhal ? Bhairabi(84km) NFR 88.7
  • 24. GC Lumding ? Silchar (198km) NFR 1670.3
  • 25. GC lumding-dibrugarh(628 km) NFR 698.81
  • 26. GC New Jalpaiguri ? Siliguri-New
    Bongaingaon-Linked branch line NFR 142.83
  • 27. GC Rangiya ? Murkongselek (510.33km) NFR
    915.70
  • 28. GC delhi-rewari(83 km) NR 143.9
  • 29. GC Agra Fort - Bandikui (151 km) NWR 204.83
  • 30. GC Ajmer - Phulera - Ringus - Rewari (294.97
    km) NWR 469.10

42
List of New line ,Gauge conversion Doubling in
progress on Indian Railways
  • 31. GC Luni - Barmer - Munabao (298.95 km) NWR
    101.60
  • 32. GC Phulera - Jodhpur - Pipar Road - Bilara
    (41.14 km) NWR 33.44
  • 33. GC Sriganganagar - Sarupsar Canal Loop
    (Phase-I) (116 km) NWR 170.59
  • 34. GC Dharmavaram ? Pakala (227km) SCR 294.99
  • 35. GC Secunderabad ?Mudkhed Janakampet ?
    Bodhan (269km) SCR 343.00 2006-07
  • 36. GC Chhindwara - Nagpur (149.522 km) SECR
    383.79
  • 37. GC Bankura ? Damodar Vally (96km), Bowai ?
    Candi ? Khana(22km), Rainagar ? Chinchai (20.9km)
    Bankura ? Mukut Manipur (57km) SER 282.25
  • 38. GC Ranchi ? Lohardaga (113km) SER 95.02
  • 39. GC Rupsa ? Bangriposi (90km) SER 126.92
  • 40. GC Cuddalore - Salem via Vriddhachalam (191
    km) SR 267.85
  • 41. GC Quilon ? Tirunelveli ?Tiruchendur
    Tenkasi - Virudhunagar (357km) SR 653.72
  • 42. GC Thanjavur - Villupuram (192 km) SR 67.70
    2006-07
  • 43. GC Arsikere - Hassan - Mangalore (236 km) SWR
    137.77 2006-07
  • 44. GC Bangalore - Hubli Shimoga Town -
    Talguppa (630 km) SWR 133.56
  • 45. GC Kolar - Chickballapur (96.5 km) SWR 99.42

43
List of New line ,Gauge conversion Doubling in
progress on Indian Railways
  • 46. GC Bharuch ? Samni ? Dahej (62.36km) WR
    165.66
  • 47. GC Gandhidham ? Palanpur(313km) WR 100.00
  • 48. GC Phulera ? Marwar ? Ahmedabad (654.5km) WR
    16.06
  • 49. GC Pratapnagar ? Chhota Udepur (99.27km) WR
    227.52
  • 50. GC Rajpipla ? Ankleshwar (62.89km) WR 115.00
  • 51. NL ahmednagar-beed- vajinath(250 km) CR 462.7
  • 52. NL amravati- narkher 138 km CR 284.3
  • 53. NL baramati-lonand(54 km) CR 138.5
  • 54. NL panvel-karjat-new broad guage electrified
    line phase-i(28.05 km) CR 137.4
  • 55. NL puntamba-shirdi( 16.4 km) CR 79.8
  • 56. NL Haridaspur - Paradeep (82 km) Eco.R 21.90
  • 57. NL Khurda Road - Bolangir (289 km) Eco.R
    700.00
  • 58. NL Koraput - Rayagada (164 km) Eco.R 526.50
  • 59. NL Lanjigarh Road - Junagarh (56 km) Eco.R
    142.00
  • 60. NL Talcher - Bimlagarh (154 km) Eco.R 790.08

44
List of New line ,Gauge conversion Doubling in
progress on Indian Railways
  • 61. NL Talcher - Sambalpur (174 km) Eco.R 478.51
  • 62. NL Ara - Sasaram (98 km) ECR 189,14 2006-07
  • 63. NL Chhapra - Muzaffarpur (84.65 km) ECR
    378.56
  • 64. NL Darbhanga - Kusheshwar Asthan (70.14 km)
    ECR 205.00
  • 65. NL Giridih - Koderma (102.5 km) ECR 119.61
  • 66. NL Hajipur - Sagauli via Vaishali (148.3 km)
    ECR 324.66
  • 67. NL Khagaria - Kusheshwarsthan (44 km) ECR
    162.87
  • 68. NL Koderma - Ranchi ECR 344.28
  • 69. NL Koderma - Tilaiya (68 km) ECR 413.17
  • 70. NL Kosi Bridge ECR 341.41
  • 71. NL Motihari - Sitamarhi (76.7 km) ECR 211.00
  • 72. NL Munger - Rail cum road bridge on river
    Ganga (14 km) ECR 981.00
  • 73. NL Muzaffarpur - Sitamarhi (63 km) ECR 232.15
    2006-07
  • 74. NL Patna - Ganga bridge with linking lines
    between Patna Hajipur (19km) ECR 769.42
  • 75. NL Rajgir - Hisua - Tilaya (46 km) Natesar
    - Islampur (21 km) ECR 245.17

45
List of New line ,Gauge conversion Doubling in
progress on Indian Railways
  • 76. NL Sakri - Hasanpur (79 km) ECR 89.70
  • 77. NL deoghar-dumka(67.25 km) ER 180.7
  • 78. NL Deoghar-Sultanganj(147 km) ER 312.0
    2006-07
  • 79. NL lakshmikantpur-namkhana(47.5 km) ER 101.2
  • 80. NL rampurhat-mandarhillvia dumka(130km) ER
    254.1
  • 81. NL Agra - Etawah via Fatehabad Bah (110 km)
    NCR 214.90
  • 82. NL Etawah - Mainpuri (57.5 km) NCR 129.70
  • 83. NL Guna - Etawah via Shivpur - Gwalior -
    Bhind (348.25 km) NCR 515.24
  • 84. NL Lalitpur - Satna, Rewa - Singrauli
    Mahoba - Khajuraho (541 km) NCR 925.00
  • 85. NL chhitauni-tumkuhi road road NER 235.0
  • 86. NL hathua-bhatani NER 230.0
  • 87. NL kichha-khatima(57.7 km) NER 165.7
  • 88. NL maharajganj-masrakh(35.49 km) NER 113.75
  • 89. NL rampur-lalkuan-kathgodam NER 16.1
  • 90. NL araria-galgalia(100 km) NFR 300.0
  • 91. NL azra-byrnihut(30 km) NFR 200.0

46
List of New line ,Gauge conversion Doubling in
progress on Indian Railways
  • 92. NL bogibeel bridge with linking lines between
    dibrugarh andnorth bank line(46 km) NFR 1767.4
  • 93. NL dimapur-kohima(88 km) NFR 850.0
  • 94. NL dudhnoi-depa(15.5 km) NFR 22.3
  • 95. NL eklakhi-balurghat NFR 282.7
  • 96. NL harmuti-itanagar(33 km) NFR 156.0
  • 97. NL jiribam-imphal(97.9 km) NFR 727.6
  • 98. NL kumarghat-agartala(109 km) NFR 880.0
    2006-07
  • 99. NL new moynagiri-jogighopa(245 km) NFR 894.4
  • 100. NL abohar-fazilka(42.7 km) NR 86.4
  • 101. NL beas-dera baba jai mal singh-rail bus
    siding(29.2) NR 4.1
  • 102. NL chandigarh-ludhiana(112 km) NR 577..0
    2006-07
  • 103. NL jammu tawi-udhamampur(53.6 km) NR 520.0
  • 104. NL jind-sonepat(88.9 km) NR 190.8
  • 105. NL kalka-parwanoo(4 km) NR 27.2
  • 106. NL nangal dam-talwara(83.74 km) NR 300.0

47
List of New line ,Gauge conversion Doubling in
progress on Indian Railways
  • 107. NL rewari-rohtak(81.3 km) NR 186.4
  • 108. NL tarantaran-goindwal(21.5 km) NR 37.5
  • 109. NL udhampur-srinagar-baramulla(290 km) NR
    11270.0
  • 110. NL Ajmer - Pushkar (31.40 km) NWR 88.40
  • 111. NL Dausa - Gangapur City (92.67 km NWR
    208.83
  • 112. NL Kolayat - Phalodi (111.394 km) NWR 186.00
    2006-07
  • 113. NL Gadwal ? Raichur (60km) SCR 108.91
  • 114. NL Gulbarga ? Bidar (140km) SCR 369.70
  • 115. NL Jaggayyapet ? Mallacheruvu (19.1km) SCR
    52.21
  • 116. NL Kakinada ? Kotapalli(45km) SCR 101.45
  • 117. NL Kakinada ? Pithapuram (21.5km) SCR 66.14
  • 118. NL Kotipalli ? Narsapur (57.21 km) SCR
    695.00
  • 119. NL Manoharabad ? Kotapalli (148.9) SCR 37856
  • 120. NL Munirla ? Nalgonda (92km) SCR 243.17
  • 121. NL Nandyal ? Yerraguntia (126km.) SCR 173.32
  • 122. NL Obulavaripalle ? Krishnapattnam (113km)
    SCR 426.34
  • 123. NL Peddapalli ? Karimnagar ? Nizamabad
    (177.49km) SCR 517.63

48
List of New line ,Gauge conversion Doubling in
progress on Indian Railways
  • 124. NL Vishnupuram ? Janapahar (11km) SCR 42.08
  • 125. NL Bishrampur - Ambikapur (19.88 km) SECR
    83.96 2006-07
  • 126. NL Dallirajahara - Jagdalpur (235 km) SECR
    376.00
  • 127. NL Howrah ? Amta (73.5km) SER 153.30
  • 128. NL Tamluk ? Digha (87km) SER 308.56
  • 129. NL Angamali ? Sabarimala(116km) SR 550.00
  • 130. NL Karur ? Selem(85km) SR 229.88
  • 131. NL Tanur (Kuttipuram) ? Guruvayur (36) SR
    137.17
  • 132. NL Tindivanam ? Gingee-Tiruvannamalai(70km)
    SR 125.00
  • 133. NL Tindivanam ? Nagari(179.2km) SR 456.00
  • 134. NL Bangalore - Satyamangalam (260 km SWR
    901.62
  • 135. NL Hassan - Bangalore via Shravanabelgola
    (166 km) SWR 412.91 2006-07
  • 136. NL Hubli - Ankola (167 km) SWR 997.58
  • 137. NL Kadur - Chickmagalur - Sakleshpur (93 km)
    SWR 274.29
  • 138. NL Kottur - Harihar via Harpanhalli (65 km)
    SWR 124.13
  • 139. NL Dahod ? Indore via Sardarpur, Dhar
    Dewas ? Maksi (236km) WR 734.74
  • 140. NL Gandhinagar- Kalol (20km) WR 49.95 2007-8

49
Railway boards Q to the state
  • If Maharashtra can pay 50 and Jharkhand can pay
    70 why not Orissa?
  • In Roads there are national highways and state
    highways why can not that happen with respect to
    Railways?
  • Why can not the MPs chip in from their MPLAD
    fund?
  • Why not use NREGS?
  • Why can not the state give free land?
  • In which ways IR has been unfair to the state?
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