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William Stallings Computer Organization and Architecture 7th Edition

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Title: William Stallings Computer Organization and Architecture 7th Edition


1
William Stallings Computer Organization and
Architecture 7th Edition
  • Chapter 1 Introduction

2
Architecture Organization 1
  • Architecture is those attributes visible to the
    programmer
  • Instruction set, number of bits used for data
    representation, I/O mechanisms, addressing
    techniques.
  • e.g. Is there a multiply instruction?
  • Organization is how features are implemented
  • Control signals, interfaces, memory technology.
  • e.g. Is there a hardware multiply unit or is it
    done by repeated addition?

3
Architecture Organization 2
  • All Intel x86 family share the same basic
    architecture
  • The IBM System/370 family share the same basic
    architecture
  • This gives code compatibility
  • At least backwards
  • Organization differs between different versions

4
Structure Function
  • Structure is the way in which components relate
    to each other
  • Function is the operation of individual
    components as part of the structure

5
Function
  • All computer functions are
  • Data processing
  • Data storage
  • Data movement
  • Control

6
Functional View
7
Operations (a) Data movement
8
Operations (b) Storage
9
Operation (c) Processing from/to storage
10
Operation (d) Processing from storage to I/O
11
Structure - Top Level
Computer
Peripherals
Central Processing Unit
Main Memory
Computer
Systems Interconnection
Input Output
Communication lines
12
Structure - The CPU
CPU
Arithmetic and Login Unit
Computer
Registers
I/O
CPU
System Bus
Internal CPU Interconnection
Memory
Control Unit
13
Structure - The Control Unit
Control Unit
CPU
Sequencing Logic
ALU
Control Unit
Internal Bus
Control Unit Registers and Decoders
Registers
Control Memory
14
Outline of the Book (1)
  • Computer Evolution and Performance
  • Computer Interconnection Structures
  • Internal Memory
  • External Memory
  • Input/Output
  • Operating Systems Support
  • Computer Arithmetic
  • Instruction Sets

15
Outline of the Book (2)
  • CPU Structure and Function
  • Reduced Instruction Set Computers
  • Superscalar Processors
  • Control Unit Operation
  • Microprogrammed Control
  • Multiprocessors and Vector Processing
  • Digital Logic (Appendix)

16
Internet Resources - Web site for book
  • http//WilliamStallings.com/COA/COA7e.html
  • links to sites of interest
  • links to sites for courses that use the book
  • errata list for book
  • information on other books by W. Stallings
  • http//WilliamStallings.com/StudentSupport.html
  • Math
  • How-to
  • Research resources
  • Misc

17
Internet Resources - Web sites to look for
  • WWW Computer Architecture Home Page
  • CPU Info Center
  • Processor Emporium
  • ACM Special Interest Group on Computer
    Architecture
  • IEEE Technical Committee on Computer Architecture
  • Intel Technology Journal
  • Manufacturers sites
  • Intel, IBM, etc.

18
Internet Resources - Usenet News Groups
  • comp.arch
  • comp.arch.arithmetic
  • comp.arch.storage
  • comp.parallel
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