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Chapter 11 World War I and its Aftermath

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Chapter 11 World War I and its ... drawing us into WW1. ... U.S. heads toward war Wilson asks for war & United States enters World War I ESSENTIAL QUESTION Using what ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 11 World War I and its Aftermath


1
Chapter 11World War I and its Aftermath
  • U.S. History

2
Section 1Causes of World War I
3
Supplies to Start a Bonfire
4
I. Causes of World War I
  • A. The Four Main Factors
  • 1. Alliances
  • 2. Nationalism
  • 3. Militarism
  • 4. Imperialistic competition

5
Ethnic distribution of Austria-Hungary Empire
6
  • B. Franz Ferdinand assassination
  • 1. Black Hand
  • 2. Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
  • C. Alliances triggered, blows up all over Europe

7
  • C. Alliances triggered
  • 1. Russia to A-H border
  • 2. Germany says back off
  • 3. Russia ignores Germany
  • 4. Germany declares vs. Russia
  • a. Then vs. France (Russia ally)
  • 5. Germany thru Belgium to France
  • 6. Britain treaty to protect Belgium
  • a. GB declares on Germany

8
The Allied Powers and the Central Powers
9
WWI Alliances (at start)
CENTRAL POWERS ALLIED POWERS
Austria-Hungary France
Germany Russia
Bulgaria Ottoman Empire (Turkey) Great Britain Eventually 21 other nations (including Italy)
10
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS, Pt. 1
  1. How did militarism play into starting WWI?
  2. How did alliances fuel the start of WWI?
  3. Why did Austria-Hungary declare war on Serbia
    when Ferdinand was killed within the borders of
    Austria-Hungary, not Serbia?

11
Section 2 U.S. Enters WWI
12
Florida Standard SS.912.A.4.5
  • Examine the causes, course and consequences of US
    involvement in WWI.

13
Essential Knowledge
  • The US wanted to stay out of the war because of
    money, but Germanys use of submarines on the
    oceans and attempted deal with Mexico made it
    impossible for us to stay neutral.

14
I. America Starts Neutral
  • A. Main reason
  • 1. Selling/loaning 2 both sides
  • B. Challenges at home to staying neutral
  • 1. heritage of citizens, biz links
    (allies, mostly)
  • C. Wilson wants Peace w/out Victory

15
II. Moving toward War US lives in danger
  • A. British Blockade Germany responds
  • 1. Brits cut off shipping to Germany
  • 2. Germans cut off Britain w/ u-boats
  • a. Torpedo w/out warning
  • b. Violates international law

16
  • B. U-boat sinks Lusitania, May 1915
  • a. Brit passenger ship NY-Liverpool
  • b. 128 Americans on board
  • c. Sussex Pledge Germans will warn B4
    firing
  • 1. Attempt 2 keep U.S. out of war

17
Sinking of the Lusitania
18
  • B. Zimmermann Telegram
  • 1. Germany ? Mexico
  • 2. Mex declare on U.S.?
  • 3. Mex Regain Tex/New Mex/Ariz
  • 4. Intercepted, American public irate!

19
Zimmerman Telegram
20
III. The Last Straw
  • A. Unrestricted Submarine warfare
  • 1. Feb. 1, 1917 restarted
  • 2. 6 U.S. ships sunk
  • 3. April 2 Wilson asks for war

21
Flowchart U.S. heads toward war
Wilson asks for war United States enters World
War I
22
ESSENTIAL QUESTION
  • Using what you know, write a short speech for
    President Wilson to read to the American people
    justifying why the US should enter the war.
  • Be sure to cite specific actions and/or events
    as reasons. 1 paragraph minimum. Be persuasive

23
Section 3The Home Front
24
I. Building Up the Military
  • A. Selective Service Act (Draft)
  • 1. All men 21 30 eligible
  • 2. 2.8 million total drafted

25
II. Organizing Industry
  • A. War Industries Board
  • 1. production of materials
  • 2. says what biz can and cant produce
  • 3. Why biz want govt contracts?
  • B. Food and Fuel
  • 1. Hooverize
  • 2. Victory Gardens
  • 3. Daylight Savings Time (work later)

26
  • C. Paying for the War
  • 1. raised income taxes
  • 2. Liberty / Victory Bonds

27
III. Mobilizing the Workforce
  • A. Women support industry
  • 1. filled industrial jobs
  • B. Great Migration Begins
  • 1. 300 500,000 African-Americans
  • C. Mexican Americans head north

28
IV. Ensuring Public Support
  • Selling the War Committee on Public Information
  • 1. Propaganda communication technique
    used
  • to persuade people to think your way.
  • a. Posters, paintings,
    speeches
  • b. How the War Came to
    America
  • c. Used Boy Scouts to
    distribute.
  • d. Effective but bred hate

29
  • B. Civil Liberties (citizens rights) Curtailed
  • 1. Espionage Act
  • 2. Sedition Act

30
  • C. A Climate of Suspicion
  • 1. German-Americans
  • 2. New words/names
  • 3. Banned
  • D. Supreme Court Limits Free Speech
  • 1. Clear and Present Danger
  • 2. Schenck vs. United States

31
Essential Questions, Pt. 3
  1. Specifically, how did the govt raise money for
    the war effort?
  2. How did the war effect the lives of immigrants?
    Give specific examples.
  3. How was free speech impacted by the Sedition and
    Espionage Acts? Be specific.

32
Notes Section 4New Technology Changes War
33
Essential Knowledge
  • New technology in weapons led to huge jump in
    death rates over previous wars. WWI was far
    deadlier than any other war ever fought.

34
The Old Way
35
The New Way
36
The Reason
37
I. Trench Warfare
  • A. Miles of interconnected ditches
  • 1. machine guns
  • 2. no mans land
  • 3. artillery barrages
  • 4. Stalemate
  • 5. Battles last for months
  • 6. 1 battle Hundreds of thousands dead

38
Trench Warfare in WWI
  • Mr. Van Brimmer

39
Myth
40
Reality
41
The Trench System
  • Front line
  • Communication
  • trench
  • Support trenches
  • No Mans Land
  • Barbed wire

42
Trench Warfare
  • Offensive attacks into No Mans Land
  • Shell fire
  • Going over the top
  • Retreat
  • The enemy goes forth

43
Trench Foot bad times
44
II. New Technologies
  • A. Airplane
  • 1. Mostly for recon
  • 2. Some dogfights
  • a. 1914 2 Brits vs. 2 Germans
  • 3. Bombers

45
II. New Technologies
  • B. Poison Gas (1st by Germans)
  • 1. Chlorine gas bombs (1915)
  • 2. Mustard gas (1917)
  • 3. Float over/settle in trenches

46
II. New Technologies
  • C. Guns/artillery
  • 1. Machine gun
  • a. 1st widespread use
  • b. Major reason for
  • trench warfare
  • 2. Flame throwers
  • 3. Big Bertha (German)
  • a. Howitzer cannon
  • b. Germans put on RR car
  • c. Shoot shells over 70 miles!

47
II. New Technologies
  • D. Tanks/anti-aircraft artillery
  • 1. Brits had first tanks
  • 2. roll over barbed wire
  • trenches
  • 3. Too few to really revolutionize

48
Essential Question, Pt. 2
1. In the role of a soldier from yesterdays
lesson, write a letter home describing one new
weapon of war and how it impacts your experience
as a soldier.
49
Notes Section 4A Flawed Peace
50
Essential Knowledge
  • President Wilson did not want to punish Germany,
    but the other allies insisted upon it. Their
    punishing of Germany helped lead to WW2. The
    League of Nations was meant to keep wars from
    happening again, but without US support, it
    collapsed.

51
The Big Four
Above are the leaders of the Big Four (left to
right) Lloyd George - Great Britain, Vittorio
Orlando - Italy, Georges Clemenceau France and
Woodrow Wilson - United States
52
I. Wilsons 14-Point Plan
  • A. Wilsons Fourteen Point Plan
  • 1. No secret alliances
  • 2. Freedom of the Seas/free trade
  • 3. Self Determination National groups
  • have right to territory/own government
  • (see A-H/Bosnia at start)
  • 4. League of Nations
  • B. Allies reject most ideas
  • 1. too nice to Germany
  • 2. Want to punish

53
II. The Treaty of Versailles
  • A. Harsh toward Germany
  • 1. 33 billion in reparations to
    Allies
  • 2. War Guilt Clause
  • 3. Limit military (defend
    only)
  • 4. Lost overseas colonies
  • B. Created 9 new nations (self-determ.)
  • C. Did include Wilsons League of Nations

54
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55
II. Senate Rejects Treaty
  • A. Singles out League of Nations as reason
  • B. U.S. wouldnt come to official peace with
    Central
  • Powers countries until 1921 (3 yrs
    post-fighting)

56
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57
Essential Questions, Pt. 3
1. Which of his 14 points did Wilson care about
the most? 2. Which part of Treaty of Versailles
do you think was worst? Give a supporting reason.
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