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The Past Simple and Present Perfect tenses

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Title: The Past Simple and Present Perfect tenses


1
  • The differences between
  • The Past Simple and Present Perfect tenses

2
Simple Past
Past Events
DEFINITE TIME IN THE PAST
3
Specific time (definite time)
play
They _________soccer
played
YESTERDAY
REGULAR VERB.
Play ed
4
Specific time (definite time)
see
a movie
They ________a movie
saw
last Sunday.
IRREGULAR VERB.
see
saw
5
Negative sentences
Specific time (definite time)
go
To school
He to school
went
last week.
didnt go
didnt go
IRREGULAR VERB.
6
Present perfectfor
Actions - events experiences
NO SPECIFIC TIME
7
go
Specific time (definite time)
past participle
have
No Specific time
I _______________ to the beach twice.
have gone
I ______to the beach last January.
went
8
see
Specific time (definite time)
past participle
have
No Specific time
I _____________ Spider Man several times.
have seen
I ______the movie Spider Man in 2009 and in 2011
saw
9
hear
Specific time (definite time)
past participle
have
No Specific time
I _____________ Ahmeds new song. twice.
have heard
I ________ Ahmeds new song last Friday.
heard
10
Present Perfect
Affirmative have / has
Negative havent / hasnt
Pronoun
Aux. Verb
Principal Verb.
Complement.
English. soccer with my friends that movie
twice. to that concert.
studied played seen gone
have
A
havent
studied Cooked worked
Japanese. ceviche and cabrito. late twice this
weekend.
has
B
hasnt
The verb changes in past participle.
11
YES / NO QUESTIONS (Confirmation)

You have studied English.
Yes, I have No, I havent
Have
you
studied English?
auxiliary
studied played seen gone
I You We they
English? soccer with my friends? that movie
twice? to that concert?
have
He She It
studied cooked worked
Japanese? ceviche and cabrito? late twice this
weekend?
has
The verb changes in past participle.
12
We use the PRESENT PERFECT for a period of time
that continues from the past until now
We use the PAST SIMPLE for finished time in the
past
For example yesterday,last week,
from 1985 to 1991
For example today, this week,since 1967
unfinished
finished
yesterday
today
past
now
past
now
Use past tense to ask WHEN...? WHAT
TIME .....?
time until now
past
now
13
Present Perfect uses
  • Something that happened at some unspecified time
    in someone's life (or other period of time that
    continues up until the present)
  • I've been to Japan.
  • ( I went to Japan at some time in my life. We
    don't know when or how many times.)

14
Present Perfect uses
  • Something that started in the past and continues
    up until now
  • I've lived in Madrid for five years.
  • ( I moved here five years ago and I still live
    here now)

15
Present Perfect uses
  • Something that happened in the past and has some
    result or relevance to the present.
  • I've spilt some tea.
  • (You recently spilt some tea. There's tea on the
    floor. It needs cleaning up)

16
Activies
Put the verb in the present perfect or the past
simple
have bought
  • ALook! I ..(buy) a beautiful dress.
  • B When . you .. it?

did buy
has lost
2.She cant get into her house because she
(lose) her keys.
moved
3. My brother ( move ) to Zagreb two
years ago.
didnt know
4. I .. ( not know ) about that last
night.
have visited
5. I love travelling and I .(visit)
many countries.
17
came
6. Be careful! His dad .( come ) out of
prison a month ago.
Have been
7. you ever .. ( be) to the USA ?
started
8. Tom . ( start ) school in 1999.
Did see
9. .. you ( see ) the film on TV last
night?
havent seen
10.I ( not see ) him today ,
but I ( see )his brother
yesterday.
saw
did come
11. What time he .( come ) home last
night? Mum ..( be ) very upset.
was
18
Match a sentence on the left with an explanation
on the right.
  • SENTENCE
  • EXPLANATION
  • They've bought a new flat.
  • We've had it for a year.
  • We bought it a year ago and we still have it.
  • They bought it recently. This is news.

19
Match a sentence on the left with an explanation
on the right.
  • SENTENCE
  • EXPLANATION
  • I went to Australia last summer.
  • I've been to Australia.
  • This happened at some time in my life
  • This happened at a specific time in the past.

20
Match a sentence on the left with an explanation
on the right.
SENTENCE
EXPLANATION
  • I've known him since I was at school.
  • I knew him when I was at school.
  • I met him when I was at school and we are still
    in touch.
  • This happened at some time in my life

21
Choose the correct verb forms and then ask your
partner the questions.
  • How long are you doing / did you do / have you
    done your present job?
  • How long did you do / have you done the job
    before that?
  • Did you have / have you had dinner yet?
  • Did you ever / have you ever played tennis when
    you were at school?

22
Choose the correct verb forms and then ask your
partner the questions.
  • How many hours did you work / have you worked
    today?
  • How many countries have you visited / did you
    visit?
  • Where did you go / have you been the last time
    you went abroad?
  • How long have you stayed / did you stay there?
  • Tell me everything you have eaten / you ate
    today?
  • Did you do / have you done any physical exercise
    recently?

23
Choose the correct verb forms and then ask your
partner the questions. 
  • How long are you doing / did you do / have you
    done your present job?
  •  
  • How long did you do / have you done the job
    before that?
  •  
  • Did you have / have you had dinner yet?
  •  
  • Did you ever / have you ever played truant when
    you were at school?
  • How many hours did you work / have you worked
    today?
  •  

24
Choose the correct verb forms and then ask your
partner the questions.
  • How many countries have you visited / did you
    visit?
  • Where did you go / have you been the last time
    you went abroad?
  •  
  • How long have you stayed / did you stay there?
  • Tell me everything you have eaten / you ate
    today?
  • Did you do / have you done any physical exercise
    recently?

25
Well Done!
The lesson is OVER
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