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ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS THEORY

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ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS THEORY Urie Bronfenbrenner Ecological systems model of socialization Used in many texts: ie. Mass media and socialization Livolsi, Marino. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS THEORY


1
ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS THEORY
2
Urie Bronfenbrenner
  • Ecological systems model of socialization
  • Used in many texts ie.
  • Mass media and socialization Livolsi, Marino.

3
The four systems 1
  • Microsystem Immediate environments (family,
    school, peer group, neighborhood, and childcare
    environments)
  • Mesosystem A system comprised of connections
    between immediate environments (i.e., a childs
    home and school)

4
The four systems 2
  • Exosystem External environmental settings which
    only indirectly affect development (such as
    parent's workplace)
  • Macrosystem The larger cultural context (Eastern
    vs. Western culture, national economy, political
    culture, subculture)

5
MICROSYSTEM-
  • SIGNIFICANT OTHERS
  • FAMILY DYSFUNCTIONAL or FUNCTIONAL
  • -EMOTIONAL,
  • CARING,
  • LANGUAGE RICH.

6
EXOSYSTEM
  • OUTSIDE THE INDIVIDUAL
  • CHILD NOT ACTIVE PARTICIPANT

7
EXOSYSTEM
  • FACTORS
  • NEIGHBOURHOOD
  • POVERTY
  • PARENTAL EMPLOYMENT

8
MESOSYSTEM
  • INTERMEDIATE SOCIALIZER
  • TEACHERS, PRINCIPALS
  • FAMILY AND SCHOOL
  • FAMILY AND PEER GROUP

9
Chronosystem
  • -temporal changes

10
Chronosystem
  • Ecological systems or individuals producing new
    conditions that affect development.

11
Self-Identity
  • While in earlier, traditional societies we would
    be provided with that narrative and social role.
    (clear cut)
  • In the post-traditional society we are usually
    forced to create one ourselves. (ambiguous)

12
Late modernity and Self
  • As Giddens (Modernity and Self-Identity 70) puts
    it "What to do? How to act? Who to be?
  • These are focal questions for everyone living in
    circumstances of late modernity Questions we
    must ask either discursively or through
    day-to-day social behaviour."

13
SELF CONCEPT
  • Self-concept or self identity is the mental and
    conceptual understanding and persistent regard
    that sentient beings hold for their own
    existence.
  • In other words, it is the sum total of a being's
    knowledge and understanding of his or her self

14
Self-concept
  • . The self-concept is different from
    self-consciousness, which is an awareness or
    preoccupation with one's self.

15
  • Components of the self-concept include physical,
    psychological, and social attributes, which can
    be influenced by the individual's attitudes,
    habits, beliefs and ideas.

16
  • These components and attributes can not be
    condensed to the general concepts of self-image
    and the self-esteem.

17
Self-concept is learned.
  • (1) It is learned,
  • (2) it is organized,
  • (3) it is dynamic.
  • Each of these qualities, with corollaries,
    follow.

18
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