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The Religion of Islam

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The Religion of Islam Symbol of Islam The crescent moon is a common symbol of Islam. Muslims believe that when Muhammad received his first revelation, the moon was in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Religion of Islam


1
The Religion of Islam
2
Symbol of Islam
  • The crescent moon is a common symbol of Islam.
    Muslims believe that when Muhammad received his
    first revelation, the moon was in its last stage,
    appearing as a waning crescent.

3
Islam
  • Islam
  • True Meaning Means submission to the will of God
  • Muslim
  • True meaning Person who submits.

4
Islam
  • Holy Book is called the Koran- Qur'an
  • The Koran contains both Old and New Testaments
  • Based on the teachings of Muhammad

5
Religious Figures
  • Muhammad is the key figure.
  • Abraham, Jesus, and Moses were prophets.

6
Beliefs
  • Belief in one god, God of Abraham.
  • Arabic is the Sacred language
  • Place of worship is a mosque
  • Services are held on Fridays and lead by an imam
  • In some Muslim countries the role of women are
    limited.
  • Men can have up to four wives.
  • Do not drink alcohol or eat pork
  • Main goal is to live a good moral life.

7
Five Pillars
  • The declaration of Faith
  • The statement of faith must be declared publicly
    That Allah is one and Muhammad is his
    Messenger
  • Pray five times per day, always facing Mecca
  • One at sunrise, mid afternoon, Afternoon, before
    sunset, before you retire.
  • Giving of alms, or charity
  • Fast during the holy month of Ramadan
  • You are not allowed to eat anything from sunrise
    to sunset
  • Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca
  • Once in a life time, any Muslim who could afford
    the journey was expected to make pilgrimages

8
Holy Cities
  • Mecca the birthplace of Muhammad
  • Jerusalem Dome of the Rock
  • Medina Burial place of Muhammad

9
Number of Members today
  • 1.3 billion people out of the world populations
    of 6.1 billion practices the religion of Islam.

10
The Spread of Islam
11
Caliph
  • The caliphate empire created a vast trading
    system. Islam was spread through books that were
    exchanged along trade routes.
  • The caliphs conquered Spain and spread Islam
    throughout.
  • By 1400s, Muslims had succeeded in conquering
    Parts of Europe.

12
The Ottoman Empire
  • Muslim empire that controlled what is now Turkey
    and parts of North Africa, Southwest Asia, and
    Southeast Europe.
  • Rulers of the Ottoman Empire were called sultans,
    which is a term for Muslim leaders.

13
Suleiman I
  • He turned Constantinople (present day Istanbul)
    into the center of a vast Muslim empire.
  • The religion soon spread from Turkey to Central
    Europe, North Africa, and Ancient Persia (Iran)

14
Sects
  • Sunni
  • Shia
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