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HIMALAYAN RIVERS

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Title: HIMALAYAN RIVERS


1
HIMALAYAN RIVERS
2
DEVELOPED BY
RASHMI SINGH R.P.V.V.SHALIMAR BAGH DELHI
KIRTI VAID G.G.S.S.NO-3 WEST PATEL NAGAR N.D.
3
TARGET AUDIENCE
AGE GROUP 12 TO 15 YEARS
CLASS VIII IX
4
OBJECTIVES
  • Formation of river.
  • History of Himalaya.
  • Physical features of Himalayan rivers.
  • Religious features of Himalayan rivers.
  • Location of Himalayan rivers on map of India.
  • Trekking of Himalaya.
  • Importance of rivers

5
How rivers are born
?
6
How rivers are born
?
These trickles, also called rills, form streams.
When enough streams flow together, they form a
river. The streams that flow into rivers are
called the river's tributaries. of the sea.
7
How rivers are born
?
As a river continues downstream, it typically
runs more slowly over leveler ground. A rivers
final destination is the ocean.
An estuary is where the rivers freshwater meets
the salt water of the sea.
8
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11
OUR KIDS
12
FISH WILDLIFE
13
FISH WILDLIFE
14
HISTORY OF HIMALAYA
The Himalayas are not merely a geographical
feature, a range of mountains they epitomise a
peoples civilisational identity that goes back
to the dawn of history.
15
HISTORY OF HIMALAYA
If these majestic mountains were not there, the
rain cloudssweeping up from the Indian Ocean
would have passed over the Indian
16
RAVI RIVER
Now one only has to hear the outpourings of young
hearts in Chamba celebrating the beauty of love
and nature to know that the spirit of the Ravi is
the same everywhere
17
HISTORY OF HIMALAYA
Archaeological evidence reveals that urban
civilisation first emerged in the valleys of the
rivers coursing down from the Himalayan mountains
18
MAJOR HIMALAYAN RIVERS
19
MAJOR HIMALAYAN RIVERS
Rippling along rough surfaces and the beautiful
meadows, the numerous rivers that dot Indian
mainland are central to our history as well as to
Indian mythology. The main rivers of the
Himalayas group are the Indus, the legendary
Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
20
.

MAJOR HIMALAYAN RIVERS
These rivers are both snow-fed and rain-fed and
therefore perennially flow throughout the year.
Himalayan rivers discharge about 70 of their
inflow into the sea. This includes about 5 from
central Indian rivers. They join the Ganga and
drain into the Bay of Bengal.
21
HIMALAYAN RIVERS
Indus, Ganga, Brahmaputra
HIMALAYAN
22
HIMALAYAN RIVERS
Indus
HIMALAYAN
23
INDUS RIVER
Thereafter it follows a north by northwest course
between the towering Ladakh range in the north
and the Zanskar Range in the south. There are a
number of human settlements that lie along the
Indus River in Ladakh, namely Leh, Marol, Skardu
and Bunji. ....
24
INDUS RIVER
The Trans Himalayan Indus River rises near the
Mansarovar Lake on the Tibetan plateau. It enters
the Himalayas in southeastern Ladakh near its
confluence with the River Gurtang at an elevation
of 4,200m.
25
FIVE SISTERS
JHELUM
CHENAB
.
SUTLEJ
BEAS
RAVI
The very names of these rivers roll like
music-Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej.
Their ancient names were more musical still
"Vitasta", "Askini", "Irawati", "Vipasha" and
"Shatadru" ....
26
RAVI RIVER
There is something intrinsically romantic about
the river Ravi. In divided Punjab used to ring
with the haunting strains of love songs sung on
the banks of the Ravi, which flowed past the
elite city of Lahore
27
JHELUM RIVER
The Jhelum flows from the spring known as
Verinag, 80-km south of Srinagar. This wide,
swift flowing, muddy but picturesque river sweeps
through Srinagar and is famed for its nine old
bridges among many things else.
28
CHENAB RIVER
Chandra River is one of the two rivers the other
one is Bhaga, which merges to form the Chenab in
the Lahaul region of Himachal Pradesh. It rises
in the snows lying at the base of the main
Himalayan range in the Lahaul and Spiti district
29
BEAS RIVER
The Beas forms the valleys of Kullu and Kangra,
famed for their beauty. But ironically, its
source is an insignificant looking igloo like
structure near Rohtang Pass in Pir Panjal range
to the north of Kullu.
30
BEAS RIVER
On account of its snow-fed, perennial
tributaries, its inflow increases greatly during
the monsoons, sometimes resulting in floods.
31
BEAS RIVER
At the Pandoh, in Mandi district, the waters of
the Beas have been diverted to the Sutlej through
53-km of tunnel, with the Pong Dam constructed on
the Beas, for the purpose of increasing the
hydroelectric power supply.
32
BEAS RIVER
The main thrust of this river is southward to
Larji and then to the west. Where it enters Mandi
district and further still into Kangra .
33
SATLUJ RIVER
River Sutlej takes birth on the southern slopes
of the holiest of mountains - Kailash, near the
holiest of lakes Mansarovar. After a long run,
parallel to the Himalayas, it finally penetrates
these at Shipki pass.
34
SATLUJ RIVER
Later it cuts through the Zanskar range, makes a
diagonal thrust through the Himalayas and blasts
a deep gorge at the base of the Kinner Kailash
massif. Within Kinnaur district, the Sutlej runs
parallel to the Hindustan-Tibet Road.
35

SPITI RIVER
The Spiti River, which rises just below the
16,000 ft high Kunzum Pass. After flowing for
about 60 miles, it joins the Sutlej River near
the Namgiya in Kinnaur district .
36
SPITI RIVER
The valley of Spiti derives its name from village
of Namgiya in Kinnaur district. En route it is
fed several streams - Pin Cholmo, Gyundi,
Rahtang, Ulah, Lungse, Mane, Surahi, Hanze,
Tagling, Thumpa Lumpa, Kaza, Lingti, Parechu and
Tabo.
37
Spiti River
The Spiti River, which rises just below the
16,000 ft high Kunzum Pass. After flowing for
about 60 miles, it The the Sutlej River near the
38
HIMALAYAN RIVERS
Ganga
HIMALAYAN
39
GANGA RIVER
RISHIKESH
The holiest of all the rivers, Ganga or the
Ganges is a perennial river, which is held in
high regard by the Hindus. The Ganga river has an
exalted position in the Hindu ethos.
40
GANGA RIVER
RISHIKESH
The Gangotri Glacier, a vast expanse of ice five
miles by fifteen, at the foothills of the
Himalayas (14,000 ft) in north Uttar Pradesh is
the source of Bhagirathi, which joins with
Alaknanda, to form Ganga at the craggy,
canyon-carved town of Devprayag.
41
YAMUNA RIVER
Yamuna, also called as Jamuna, originates from
the Bundar Poonch glaciers in district Uttarkashi
of the state of Uttaranchal. It rises from
Jamunotri, in the Himalayas. River Tons, which
flows along the boundary of Himachal Pradesh,
west of district Tehri Garhwal joins Yamuna River
at Kalsi and thereafter joins the plains.
42
YAMUNA RIVER
From Kalsi, the river flows along the boundary of
Himachal Pradesh. Yamuna flows in a southerly
direction through the Himalayan foothills and
onto the northern Indian plain, along the Uttar
Pradesh-Haryana State border. The Eastern and
Western Yamuna canals are fed from the river at
that point.
43
BHRAMPUTRA RIVER
44
BHRAMPUTRA RIVER
One of the great rivers of Asia, the Brahmaputra
commences its 3,000-km journey to the Bay of
Bengal from the slopes of Kailash in western
Tibet. As Tibet's great river, the Tsangpo,
transverses east across the high-altitude Tibetan
plateau north of the Great Himalayan Range,
carving out myriad channels and sandbanks on its
way.
45
BHRAMPUTRA RIVER
As it tumbles from the Himalayan heights towards
the plains of the subcontinent it twists back on
itself, cutting a deep and still unnavigated
gorge, until finally turning south it emerges in
Arunachal Pradesh as the Dihong. Just beyond
Pasighat, it meets the Dibang and Lohit where it
finally becomes the Brahmaputra.
46
TREKKING
47
Kumaun Nanda Devi Sanctuary                      
                   
Nand Devi National Park
Right up in the northern most frontiers of the
Kumaon Himalayas, the Johar Valley remains till
today one of the less frequented but well coveted
destinations for the true lovers of the
Himalayas. Nanda Devi needs no introduction.
48
Kumaun Nanda Devi Sanctuary                      
                   
Nand Devi National Park
Ever since the closure of the sanctuary,
knowledge about this cross section of the
Himalayas continues to be the preserve of books
and periodicals only. But lately with relaxation
of the innerline permit it has now become
possible to walk upto the Nanda Devi base camp
through the Johar Valley from Munsiyari.
49
Ladakh Across Zanskar                            
  
Kurgiak Nala, Zanskar
This vast high-altitude desert dotted with
Tibetan-style mud villages is cut off from the
world for six months of the year by deep snow and
raging rivers.
50
Ladakh Across Zanskar                            
  
Kurgiak Nala, Zanskar
Start trekking from the monastery at Lamayuru and
head south to 17,000-foot Singi La and descend to
the Zanskar River. Follow it for three days to
Padum, a village of mud and stone where yaks
crowd the main square.
51
Ladakh Across Zanskar                            
  
Kurgiak Nala, Zanskar
Continue south along the river to Kargya and over
Shingo La to the southern trailhead at Darcha.
Count on about three weeks. Although maximum
altitudes are not unusual by Himalayan standards,
you'll spend many days at a time on a high
plateau at altitudes above 13,000 feet.
52
Sikkim Guicha La                                 
                             
No more than a few dozen Americans trek in Sikkim
each year. Tucked between Nepal and Bhutan.
Trekking by foreigners is strictly limited to
only a few routes, in guided groups only.
53
Sikkim Guicha La                                 
                             
The best (and most popular) trail leads from the
village of Yuksum to a 16,400 foot pass, Guucha
La, which lies directly beneath the main summit
of 28,000-foot Kanchenjunga, third highest peak
in the world.
54
Sikkim Guicha La                                 
                             
The out-and-back route, which takes about ten
days to negotiate, passes through Phedang,
Dzongri, and Jemathang. (These are place names
only there is only one small village above
Yuksum.)
55
 
Pin Parvati Pass   
   

   
   
The best (and most popular) trail leads from the
village of Yuksum to a 16,400 foot pass, Guucha
La, which lies directly beneath the main summit
of 28,000-foot Kanchenjunga, third highest peak
in the world.
56
 
Pin Parvati Pass   

   
   
No more than a few dozen Americans trek in Sikkim
each year. Tucked between Nepal and Bhutan.
Trekking by foreigners is strictly limited to
only a few routes, in guided groups only.
57
 
Pin Parvati Pass   
   

   
   
(The out-and-back route, which takes about ten
days to negotiate, passes through Phedang,
Dzongri, and Jemathang. These are place names
only there is only one small village above
Yuksum.)
58
Garhwarl  Roopkund   Trek                        
                          
Situated at a height of 5029 mtrs in the lap of
Trishul massif. This area is usually called the
'Mystery Lake', since human skeletons and remains
of horses from the age of Paleolithic age were
found here.
59
Garhwarl  Roopkund   Trek                        
                          
The lake is surrounded by rock-strewn glaciers
and snow clad peaks. The starting point of the
trek is Debal, easily approached by motor from
Almora town.
60
                                              
Garhwarl Roopkund   Trek    
The route passes through lush green grassy land
and conifer forests clinging onto the slopes of
hills. The trek thereafter winds it's way along
the Pinder river. Then to round off this trek,
one can approach Homekund via Shail Samudra
glacier and then move on to Ghat or Nandprayag
(in Chamoli district in the Garhwal region).
61
Kashmir AmarnathTrek                            
                        
Trek to Amarnath Cave
The Cave of Amarnath, lying at an height of 3952
Mtrs. is a famous holy place of pilgrimage for
the Hindus and is held in the same veneration as
Mount Kailash in Tibet. The sacred Cave contains
a Shiva Lingam formed of Ice, the size of which
increases or decreases according to the position
of the Moon.
62
Kashmir Amarnath Trek                             
                       
Trek to Amarnath Cave
Usually there is a big Festival in the 3rd week
of August every year thousands of people from all
over the country and from different parts of the
world visit this Cave. The difficulty of the
pilgrimage continues in itself, an extra ordinary
sacrifice. The trek is so beautiful, its a must
for every mountain lover.
63
Garhwal Lord Curzon Trail/Kuari Pass Trek
The route is through various remote villages in
the wilderness where the civilized world has not
yet managed to cast its shadow.
64
Garhwal Lord Curzon Trail/Kuari Pass Trek
The area here is really wild because the higher
reaches of the river in the valley have not yet
been fully explored. En route one can get
splendid view of various uncharted lakes
especially the Gauna Lake.
65
Garhwal Lord Curzon Trail/Kuari Pass Trek
Considered by many as characteristically the most
beautiful trek in the Garhwal Himalayas, the
Kauri Pass is a once in a lifetime experience.
66
Garhwal Lord Curzon Trail/Kuari Pass Trek
The route is through various remote villages in
the wilderness where the civilized world has not
yet managed to cast its shadow. The pass (Khal)
is approached through a narrow goat track at an
elevation of 4265 mts. in the heart of Chamoli
District.
67
Garhwal Lord Curzon Trail/Kuari Pass Trek
The glorious view of the imposing eastern peaks
of the Garhwal Himalayas is unforgettably
enchanting. They appear so close with their grand
glittering snow caps that one feels like almost
touching them. If the weather is clear then the
peaks visible from Kuari Pass areNandadevi,
Dunagiri, Bethartoli, Devasthan, etc. Since Lord
Curzon once trekked upto Kauri Pass,the trail is
known as Curzon trail.
68
Garhwal Gangotri Glacier Trek                    
                   
The Gangotri Glacier is one of the longest and,
for Hindus, most sacred glaciers in the Himalaya.
69
Garhwal Gangotri Glacier Trek                    
                   
Because of the road, it is very accessible, but
visitors who wish to proceed beyond Gangotri
Temple must make sure they are properly
acclimatised after the rapid ascent in altitude.
Spend at least two nights in Gangotri before
going on.                                       
70
Garhwal Gangotri Glacier Trek                    
                   
The Gangotri Temple (3048m/l0000ft), where
devotees have worshipped for centuries, lies on
the right bank of the river.   
                                    
71
Garhwal Gangotri Glacier Trek                    
                   
The head of the Gangotri Glacier was once located
here and the slopes nearby mark the glacier bed.
In the background rises the majestic peak of
Sudarshan Parvat.                                
       
72
Himachal Indrahar Pass - DhaulaDhar 
                   
 
The Dhauladhar, which rises steeply from the
plains of Punjab, is a great mountain getaway
from Delhi and it takes only a few hours to reach
the foothills.
73
Himachal Indrahar Pass - DhaulaDhar 
                   
 
This range, though comparatively small by
Himalayan standards, offers some exhilarating
trekking and wonderful panoramic views of
beautiful sunsets over the Punjab plains. Kuarsi
and Machhetar.
74
Himachal Indrahar Pass -DhaulaDhar 
                    

For climbers these small peaks offer challenges
that could keep them busy for years to come. The
route to the pass is very beautiful and exotic,
through Eagles's Crest, Tiund, Llaka Glacier,
Kuarsi and Machhetar.
75
Kinnaur Across Charang Ghati Pass         
 
Buddhists and Hindus there is a Amongst tradition
of circumambulation (walking around in a circle)
. This form of worship, called parikrama, is
always done from left to right in a clockwise
direction so that the deity, statue or icon is
always on the right.
76
Kinnaur Across Charang Ghati Pass         
Lamas (priests) and pilgrims cross the Charang
Ghati to complete the circuit around this range,
whose highest peak is Jorkand(6373m/20408ft).
77
Kinnaur Across Charang Ghati Pass         
Since 1994, when the area was opened to tourists,
this has become a popular trek. A great variety
of scenery, local temples and the culture of the
Kinnauris can be seen along the route.
78
Kinnaur Across Charang Ghati Pass         
There may be a lot of snow on the pass until
mid-July. August and September are the best
months for crossing and for observing several
local festivals on the way.                       
                                    
79
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80
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  • We are highly thankful to Mr. Vinod Sodi,
  • Mr. Naresh Kapoor, Mrs. Renu , Miss Deepa all
    the members of S.C.E.R.T.
  • Yahoo ! Search results for Himalayan rivers.
  • Himalayan Rivers , Rivers in himalayan mountain
    Range.
  • American Rivers the story of rivers.

81
RIVERS
RIVERS
82
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