Biblical Archaeology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Biblical Archaeology PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 709c45-YWJhN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Biblical Archaeology

Description:

Title: Biblical Archaeology Author: CraigB Last modified by: Craig Created Date: 6/23/2003 9:24:20 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Other titles – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:389
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 32
Provided by: Crai1162
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Biblical Archaeology


1
Biblical Archaeology
  • The Latest Findings

2
Timeline of Findings
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
3
1913 - Nebuchadnezzar Brick
  • The text reads (1) nabu-kudurri.................
    ......Nebuchadnezzar(2) lugal ba-bi-lu
    ki..................king of Babylon(3) za-nin
    e-sag-il......................provisioner of
    Esagil(4) u e-zi-da..............................
    .and Ezida,(5) ap lu asharedu....................
    .prime son of(6) sha nabu-aplu-usur..............
    Nabopolassar(7) lugal ba-bi-lu
    ki...................king of Babylon(8) a
    na-?....................................I am,(9)
    e-ba-ra e sa-ma...................Ebarra temple
    of Shamash(10) lar-sa ki.........................
    .......in Larsa(11) ?............................
    ................as it was before,(12) sa-ma
    gi................................I restored for
    Shamash(13) ? lu.................................
    .......my Lord.

4
1962 - Pilate Inscription
  • Discovered at Caesarea in secondary use in a
    later wall, this inscription bears witness to a
    major New Testament figure and settles the debate
    over Pilots title of Prefect rather than the
    inferior Procurator.

5
Pilate Inscription
  • Line One  TIBERIEUM,, 
  • Line Two  (PON) TIUS 
  • Line Three  (PRAEF) ECTUS IUDA (EAE)

Meaning - Pilate had "dedicated a Tiberium, a
public structure built in honor of the Roman
emperor Tiberius."
This is the only known occurrence of the name
Pontius Pilate in any ancient inscription.
6
Plus coins..
  • Judean bronze coin issued by Pilate in 30 CE. The
    Greek inscription reads (clockwise from the
    bottom left Tiberiou Kaisaros "of Tiberius
    Caesar".
  • At the center is a lituus, a curved crook used by
    Roman augurs. Though this pagan religious symbol
    was used frequently on Roman coins minted outside
    Palestine, Pilate was the only Roman prefect to
    have put it on money issued for commerce among
    Jews.

7
1968 - Crucified Man
  • An ossuary bearing the name "Yehochanan"
    contained the full skeleton of a man crucified in
    the first century and buried with a bent
    crucifixion nail through his heel bone. It is the
    only physical evidence of crucifixion ever
    discovered.

8
1980 - Peters House
  • Capernaum

9
Peters House
10
Peters House
11
Peters House
12
Where Jesus stayed
  • Jesus probably lived in Peter's house in
    Capernaum.
  • Mt 413. Went and lived in Capernaum
  • Mk 129-35. He stayed there that evening.
  • Mk 21. Home" probably same place.

13
1990 - Ossuary of Caiaphas
14
Ossuary of Caiaphas
15
Ossuary of Caiphas
16
1990 - Ossuary of Caiaphas
  • From the Caiaphas family tomb in Jerusalem, this
    ossuary bears the inscription "Yehosef bar Qafa
    (Joseph, son of Caiaphas), and it is dated to the
    Second Temple Period. Caiaphas is the name of the
    High Priest who presided over the trial of Jesus.

17
Ossuary of Caiaphas
  • Ossuary contained the bones of a man of about 60
    years old, a woman, two children and two infants.

18
Ossuary of Caiaphas
19
Caiphas Tomb Other Artifacts
20
1993 - Ancient Israelite House in Egypt?
  • Discovered at old capital Thebes (1200-1000 BC)
  • The layout of this building bears no similarity
    to any of the Egyptian house types in the New
    Kingdom. Instead the arrangement of the rooms
    bears.a high degree of similarity to the so
    called Iron-Age Four Room house of Palestine.

21
Ancient Israelite House
House found in Egypt
Typical Four-Room Israelite House
22
1994 - House of David InscriptionTel Dan
Inscription
  • Was no evidence of Davids existence for a long
    time
  • In 1993 a stone inscrption was found at Dan
  • Appears to commemorate the victory of an Aramean
    king over the kingdoms of Israel and Judah
  • In 1994 they found two more pieces which linked
    to the first piece and gave the names of the
    kings Israel Jehoram and Judah Ahaziah.
    The new lines read I killed Jehoram son of Ahab
    king of Israel and I killed Ahaiahu son of
    Jehoram king of the House of David (2Kings
    8v28-29 Recorded here this find is Hazaels
    account actually the two kings were killed just
    after the battle by Jehu 2Kings 921-24,27)

23
House of David
24
House of David
  • The inscription found at Tel-Dan, however
    debatable the specifics, is the oldest extra-
    Biblical reference to Israel in semitic script.
    It succeeds in bridging the Biblical narrative
    testimony with archaeological evidence that
    "proves" that the kingdoms of Israel and Judah
    not only existed but were important kingdoms of
    the time.
  • (http//www.otal.umd.edu/knobloch/dan.htm)

25
Thus far, most scholars agree that there is no
way to restore the entire text of this
inscription as it was originally because that
text has not been found. But Puech has proposed
its complete resconstruction based on the wording
of inscriptions of a similar nature and on a
general knowledge of Early Aramaic. His
reconstructed text and translation are as follows
26
1996 - Seal of Baruch
  • Found in 1975 but significance only came to
    light in 1996.
  • (Belonging) to Berekhyahu, the son of Neriyahu,
    the scribe.  The suffix -yahu was a common
    epithet attached to names in Judah, meaning,
    blessed of Jehovah. 
  • As a scribe of the Prophet Jeremiah, Baruch, the
    son of Neriah, is mentioned no less than
    thrity-two times in the Bible. He played a
    crucial role in the life and activities of the
    Prophet, and is considered one of the main
    sources of the Book. (Jer. 364)

27
Fingerprint of Baruch
  • What is unique about this is the clear impression
    of a fingerprint on the upper left of the bulla. 
    The article suggested this was the fingerprint
    of Jeremiahs scribe. 3 
  • Discoveries such as this remind us that the
    people of the Bible were not imaginary figures
    from fairy tales, but real people who served our
    God in the past. 

28
1998 - Ahazs Seal
  • 2 Chr 279
  • Belonging to Ahaz (son of) Yehotam, King of
    Judah
  • First to be attributed to a biblical king
  • Note fingerprint
  • Bottom shows imprint of strings that tied the
    scroll together and the texture of the papyrus
    beneath

29
2002 James Ossuary
  • The letters etched into this ancient limestone
    object read, 'James, son of Joseph, brother of
    Jesus.'
  • Mk 63

30
2002 James Ossuary
  • Earliest mention of Jesus outside the Bible
  • Scans by electron microscope sho no trace of
    modern tools
  • Grammer and script appear to fit normal useage of
    the period
  • Are these John, James and Jospeh of the Bible?
  • Common names
  • Some stats 40,000 men in Jerusalem at the time,
    suggested 20 people could fit this description
    but mention of brother is highly unusual on
    ossuaries only if famous are mentioned
  • Could be the nail in the coffin for the
    Catholic debate that James was actually the
    cousin of Jesus

31
2002 James Ossuary
  • Aramaic inscription "Ya'akov bar Yosef akhui di
    Yeshua."

32
Fact or Fake?
  • FAKE - A committee appointed by the Israel
    Antiquities Authority (IAA) has declared the
    inscription on an ancient bone box that refers to
    "James, son of Joseph, brother of Jesus" to be a
    modern forgery.
  • FACT - Two other groups of specialistsfrom the
    Geological Survey of Israel and the Royal Ontario
    Museum, in Torontoalso studied the bone box and
    concluded the inscription was ancient. And some
    of the worlds leading paleographersspecialists
    in ancient scriptshave dated the inscriptions
    style of writing to the first century A.D.
About PowerShow.com