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Environmental and socio-economic life cycle assessment

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Environmental and socio-economic life cycle assessment The Case Study of a Glass Bangle Factory in Firozabad (India) Bastien Roquier broquier_at_cooperation.net – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Environmental and socio-economic life cycle assessment


1
Environmental and socio-economic life cycle
assessment
  • The Case Study of a Glass Bangle Factory in
    Firozabad (India)
  • Bastien Roquier
  • broquier_at_cooperation.net
  • Ecointesys Life Cycle Systems
  • Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne
    (EPFL)

2
Overview
  • Introduction
  • Social / socio-economic impact
  • Methodology
  • Case study
  • Synthesis
  • Conclusion and perspectives

3
Introduction
  • Which data and indicators can define
    social/socio-economic impact on the workers?
  • How to combine environmental, social and economic
    aspects in a consistent way?

4
Social / socio-economic impact
  • Social Impact
  • Social impacts include all social and cultural
    consequences to human populations that alter the
    ways in which people live, work, play, relate to
    one another, organize to meet their needs and
    generally cope as members of a society.
  • Burdge and Vanclay (1996)
  • Most of these social aspects are
  • Difficult to quantify in a life cycle perspective
  • Not (directly) linked to product or processes

5
Social / socio-economic impact
  • A more suitable way to analyse impact on the
    workers
  • The socio-economic impact which focuses on
    employment, income, gender, age, ...
  • With...
  • Impacts (on the workers) directly related to the
    life cycle of the product
  • Higher data availability (at local and national
    levels)
  • Data compatible with LCA-methodologies

6
Social / socio-economic impact
  • Links between processes and workers.

Process
Environmental changes
Social changeprocesses
Economic changes
Environmental impacts
Social socio-economic impacts
7
Social / socio-economic impact
  • Socio-economic framework
  • International Conventions
  • International Labor Organization (ILO)
    conventions
  • Millennium Development Goals (UNDP)
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the
    United Nations
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child
  • Global Reporting Initiatives sustainability
    reporting guidelines and SA8000
  • Indicators
  • UNCSD
  • EPSILON (European Sustainability Indicators)
  • MDG, OECD and GRI Indicators

8
Social / socio-economic impact
  • Selection of indicator categories (example)
  • Employment (job creation and job loss)
  • Equity
  • Poverty
  • Knowledge
  • Interpersonal relationship
  • Health
  • Child labour

9
Social / socio-economic impact
  • Levels of data acquisition

10
Methodology
  • Hybrid Process Input-Output economic LCA

Input-output analysis
Process analysis
Data from Interviews, local census, ...
Data from National census, economic transaction
table
11
Methodology
12
Case Study of Firozabad
  • Firozabad
  • Indian capital of the glass manufacture
  • Located 40 km from Agra
  • In the area of protection of Taj Mahal (TTZ)
  • Leading producer of traditional glass bangles

13
Case Study of Firozabad
14
Case Study of Firozabad
15
Case Study of Firozabad
16
Case Study of Firozabad
7200 kgeq CO2
105500 MJ
58000 Rs
380 mandays
17
Case Study of Firozabad
n.a.
n.a.
18
Case Study of Firozabad
n.a.
n.a.
19
Synthesis
  • The pros ...
  • Use of conventional process and IO-LCA methods
  • Hybrid method allows us to use equal and
    consistent system boundaries for environment and
    social LCA
  • ... and cons
  • High dependence on data availability
  • Not really adapted to forecast social
    changes/impacts
  • Many gaps remain in the framework of a real
    social impact assessment

20
Conclusion and outlook
  • At this stage,
  • SLCA is not a real SIA (social impact
    assessment), but it provides relevant information
    to conduct a SIA from a holistic perspective.
  • There is a need
  • To involve sociologist in method development
  • To select more consistent and relevant indicators
  • To enlarge the scope of evaluation for all social
    aspect and the whole population

21
  • Thank you!
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