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Site Waste Management Plans

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Site Waste Management Plans Mick Lynn Envirowise Adviser The Objectives Present the background to Site Waste Management Plans (SWMPs) Context with regulations What ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Site Waste Management Plans


1
Site Waste Management Plans
  • Mick Lynn
  • Envirowise Adviser

2
The Objectives
  • Present the background to Site Waste Management
    Plans (SWMPs)
  • Context with regulations
  • What comprises an SWMP
  • Work through the development and implementation
    of a SWMP
  • Group workshop exercise
  • Developing an action plan
  • General discussion on good practice
  • Envirowise support for construction

3
Envirowise Aims
  • To help businesses in the UK increase resource
    efficiency,
  • To help reduce waste to landfill and the impact
    of the Landfill Tax Escalator on business,
  • To help businesses to reduce the production of
    waste.

4
Waste Hierarchy
Highest Priority
  • Eliminate
  • Reduce
  • Re-use
  • Recover
  • Recycle
  • Energy
  • Compost
  • Dispose
  • Treat dispose

Lowest Priority
5
Envirowise Delivery
  • Helpline website 0800 585794
    www.envirowise.gov.uk
  • Site visits
  • Events
  • Publications and tools
  • Sector focussed campaigns
  • Generic and sectoral marketing and media
  • Regional focus RDAs in England DAs
  • All free to business end users

6
Why Site Waste Management Plans?
  • Biggest consumer of material resources 420
    million tonnes/year
  • Produces about 150 Mta waste
  • ca90 Mta construction and demolition waste
  • ca2m Mta production and packaging waste
  • ca59 Mta quarry waste
  • 10 wastage rates - unused building materials
  • 26 of waste is packaging
  • Void space is 40 of skips

7
Why is there so much waste?
  • Table Discussions
  • Use answer sheet
  • Elect a spokesperson to feedback
  • You have 10 minutes and 5 minutes each for
    feedback.

8
Why is waste important?
  • Legislation
  • Impact on sustainability
  • Impact on programme and budget
  • Competitiveness
  • Effect on Health and Safety
  • Shortage of landfill and hazardous waste capacity
  • Its basic good management

9
Why Site Waste Management Plans?
  • DTI introduced SWMPs as a voluntary code of
    practice in 2004.
  • Companies are already seeing significant savings
    from better waste management.
  • Helps compliance with other legal requirements,
    e.g. duty of care.
  • Will help to win customers. Green credentials
    sell.
  • BUT from April 6th 2008 to become mandatory.

10
True cost of waste
  • 8 cu yd skip
  • Skip hire 85
  • Labour to fill skip 163
  • Cost of materials put in skip 1095
  • TOTAL TRUE COST 1343
  • (Source AMEC)

11
TYPICAL SCENE
12
True cost of Waste
13
The Proposed Regulations
14
Main requirement
  • The law will require construction companies
    engaged on projects involving
  • construction, alteration, conversion, fitting
    out, commissioning, renovation, repair, upkeep,
    redecoration maintenance, cleaning,
    de-commissioning, demolition or dismantling, site
    clearance, exploration and investigation, on-site
    assembly, disassembly, including electrical, gas,
    water, sewage, compressed air, hydraulic,
    telecommunication, computer or similar services.
  • with a value greater than 250,000 to write a
    detailed plan regarding the nature of their
    wastes and the way that they will be disposed of
    before work begins. 

15
Main requirement
  • Any person who intends to carry out a
    construction project on one site with an
    estimated project value (materials and labour)
    greater than 250,000 must produce a site waste
    management plan before work begins.
  • Covers the process from construction design and
    planning through to completion of the
    construction work.
  • He must plan, design, manage and monitor the
    construction phase in a way which ensures that,
    so far as is reasonably practicable, it is
    carried out without consigning as waste any
    materials that could otherwise be re-used,
    recycled or recovered on-site or off-site.

16
SWMPs and Construction Process
Planning
Design out waste
Demolition Protocol
Recycled content
Refurbishment
Contracts Contractors Materials
Newbuild Refurbishment
17
Before work begins
  • For all projects over 250,000
  • the identity of
  • the person who drafted the Plan
  • the person in charge of the project and
  • the contractor used (if there is more than one
    contractor, the principal contractor).

18
Before work begins
  • A description of the works proposed including
  • the location of the site and
  • the estimated value of the project
  • a description of the waste type that will be
    produced in the course of the project
  • an estimate of the volume of each different waste
    produced
  • the waste management action proposed for each
    waste type ie reuse, recycling, recovery or
    disposal and
  • a declaration that the person in charge of the
    project and the principal contractor will take
    all reasonable steps to ensure that waste
    management controls eg the duty of care, will be
    observed.

19
Once work begins gt250k
  • The person in charge or the contractor would need
    to record
  • the identity of the waste management contractor
    removing the waste
  • the types of waste removed and
  • the site that the contractor is taking the waste
    to.

20
After completion gt250k
  • Within one month of the work being completed he
    must add to the plan
  • confirmation that the site waste management plan
    has been monitored on a regular basis to ensure
    that work is progressing according to the plan
    and that the plan was updated in accordance with
    this regulation and
  • a description of any lessons learnt from any
    differences in circumstances between the first
    draft of the site waste management plan and
    actual performance.

21
When work begins gt500k
  • The person in charge or the contractor would need
    to record
  • When any waste is removed from the construction
    site
  • the identity of the waste management contractor
    removing the waste
  • a copy of, or reference to, the waste carrier
    registration of the carrier and a copy of, or
    reference to, the waste transfer note.

22
When work begins gt500k
  • As often as necessary to ensure that the plan
    accurately reflects the progress of the project,
    and in any event not less than every six months,
    he must
  • assess the plan
  • record the types and quantities of waste produced

23
When work begins gt500k
  • Record the types and quantities of waste that
    have been
  • re-used on-site,
  • re-used off-site
  • recycled for use on-site
  • recycled for use off-site
  • sent to recycling facility
  • sent to waste management licence exempt site or
  • sent to landfill site for disposal and
  • Produce a further plan, if it is necessary to do
    so, making changes necessary to reflect the
    progress of the project.

24
After work gt500k
  • Within one month of the work being completed he
    must add to the plan
  • confirmation that the site waste management plan
    has been monitored on a regular basis to ensure
    that work is progressing according to the plan
    and that the plan was updated in accordance with
    this regulation
  • a description of any lessons learnt from any
    differences in circumstances between the first
    draft of the site waste management plan and
    actual performance.

25
After work gt500k
  • A comparison of the estimated quantities of each
    waste type against the actual quantities of each
    waste type
  • Where relevant, drawing on any lessons learnt, an
    action plan to address these for the next
    project and
  • An estimate of the cost savings that have been
    achieved by completing and implementing a SWMP

26
Responsibilities
  • In cases where the client and the principal
    contractor are different people or organisations,
    the draft regulations are proposing to make them
    equally responsible for compliance with the
    regulations.
  • The definitions of client and principal
    contractor are based on Construction, Design and
    Management Regulations (CDM) 1994.

27
Responsibilities
  • It will be the responsibility of the principal
    contractor to delegate individual
    responsibilities for waste management tasks to
    contractors/sub-contractors within the terms of
    their contract.
  • The person who drafts and implements a SWMP will
    be ultimately responsible for ensuring compliance
    with its content.
  • The Plan should clearly attribute responsibility
    for any actions concerning waste to a specific
    contractor or subcontractor.

28
Monitoring and regulation
  • Proposal that powers will be awarded to both
    local authorities and the Environment Agency to
    check SWMPs and, where necessary, to take
    enforcement action.
  • The Environment Agency, in common with its role
    in targeting waste crime, will be able to
    investigate more serious cases of waste offences.
  • These might initially have been identified by the
    local authority.

29
Offences
  • Fail to make or keep a SWMP (or one which fails
    to meet the minimum criteria) and comply with the
    requirements of Schedule 1
  • Fail to produce a SWMP upon request by an
    authorised officer of the Environment Agency or
    local authority.
  • Make a false statement in a SWMP
  • Fail to assist an authorised officer of the
    Environment Agency or local authority in
    requesting supporting evidence or documentation
  • Fail to comply with, or implement the terms of a
    SWMP
  • Forge a SWMP

30
Penalties
  • It is proposed that persons guilty of any offence
    under the regulations are liable
  • on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding
    the statutory maximum (currently 5,000) or to
    imprisonment for three months, or to both or
  • on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for
    two years or to a fine, or both.

31
Penalties
  • It is further proposed that the option of a Fixed
    Penalty Notice is available for the offence of
    failing to produce a SWMP if requested to do so
    by an enforcing officer at the time of a site
    visit.
  • Proposing the amount of the Fixed Penalty Notice
    is set at 300, in line with similar offences in
    the duty of care and waste carrier regimes.

32
How To Do a Site Waste management Plan
33
What does the Code of Practice comprise?
  • Guidance document
  • Checklist - broken down into stages of a project
  • Site data form

34
The checklist
  • Useful aide memoir for developing and
  • implementing a SWMP
  • Questions to consider based on project stages
  • Policy
  • Procurement
  • Project Planning
  • Site Operations
  • Provides clear audit trail and record for actions

35
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36
Site data form
  • Record the types and quantities of waste arising
    and their management
  • Use to record and monitor performance and targets
  • Record waste movements, helping with Duty of Care
    requirements

37
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38
The 9 Steps Approach
39
Step 1
  • Identify who is responsible for producing the
    SWMP
  • Make sure they know they are responsible!
  • Ensure responsibility for delivery at all stages
  • Site champion?
  • Identify types and quantities of waste likely to
    arise
  • Identify when they are likely to be produced
  • Refer to the Demolition Protocol

Step 2
40
Step 3
  • Identify waste management options
  • Consider the waste hierarchy
  • On- and off-site options
  • re-used on-site,
  • re-used off-site
  • recycled for use on-site
  • recycled for use off-site
  • sent to recycling facility
  • sent to waste management licence exempt site or
  • sent to landfill site for disposal.

41
Step 4
  • Identify waste management sites and contractors
  • Appropriate contractual requirements
  • Include compliance with all legal
    responsibilities such as Duty of Care
  • Carry out any appropriate training
  • In-house and sub-contract staff
  • Ensure that everyone knows the requirements of
    your SWMP and what is expected of them

Step 5
42
Step 6
  • Plan for efficient materials and waste handling
  • Early planning essential
  • Set indicative targets
  • Measure - quantities and types
  • Record
  • Compare with your SWMP and targets
  • Share information with the workforce

Step 7
43
Step 8
  • Monitor implementation
  • Consider whether you need to update your Plan
  • Note lessons to consider during Step 9
  • Review how the SWMP worked
  • Identify learning points for future projects
  • Share the learning with all appropriate
    colleagues

Step 9
44
Case Study
45
Process Flowsheet
Major Input
Wastes
Other Inputs

Wastes
Other Inputs

Value Added
Wastes

Other Inputs

Product
Total value of product
46
INERT CONCRETE MIXED METAL TIMBER PLASTIC OFFICE CANTEEN
DEMOLITION X X X X X
SITE CLEARANCE X X X X
EARTHWORKS X X X
PILING X X X
DRAINAGE X X
47
Re-used on site Re-used off site Recycled for use on site Recycled for use off site Sent to recycling facility Disposal to landfill
BRICKS 100
BLOCKS 100
METAL 500
TIMBER 50
PACKAGING 200
48
Breakout Session
  • Prepare a SWMP for 490k factory extension
  • Use analysis sheet 1 for waste types
  • Make assumptions where necessary
  • Make appropriate decisions based on those
    assumptions
  • Use analysis sheet 2 to decide re-use, recycling,
    recovery or landfill
  • Elect a spokesperson to feedback
  • You have 50 minutes and 5 minutes each for
    feedback.

49
Feedback
  • Preparing a
  • Site Waste Management Plan

50
Action Planning
51
Forcing the Industry to Change
  • Management of waste on and off site obviously
  • Reduction of waste to landfill
  • Increased efficiency in design and use of
    materials
  • Zero net waste
  • Sustainable construction

52
Waste on site
  • Designing out waste
  • Segregation on site
  • Tender documentation
  • Toolbox talks
  • Questionnaires
  • Waste certificates
  • Site waste plan
  • Waste awards

53
Plan to Avoid This!
  • Poor housekeeping
  • Poor risk management
  • Health Safety
  • Environment
  • Poor financial control

54
Site segregation of materials
Cardboard / paper
Plasterboard
Timber
Metal
55
What is Envirowise?
  • Government Programme
  • Free help for all businesses
  • Promotes better environmental practices that
    reduce business costs through a focus on
  • Resource Efficiency
  • Shows that environmental improvements can
    actually
  • Save Money
  • Reduce Re-use Recycle
  • Waste Management Legal Advice

56
Waste Hierarchy
Highest Priority
  • Eliminate
  • Reduce
  • Re-use
  • Recover
  • Recycle
  • Energy
  • Compost
  • Dispose
  • Treat dispose

Lowest Priority
57
Envirowise Construction
  • On site waste review
  • Fast Track Visit
  • SWMP implementation advice
  • Helpline access
  • Resource Efficiency Clubs
  • Range of guides
  • BrickSandMortar e newsletter
  • FREE CONFIDENTIAL

58
Publications
  • GG493 - Saving money raw materialscase studies
  • GG500 - Saving money raw materials case
    studies from Scotland
  • The Essential Green Guide
  • Trade sheets
  • Carpenter
  • Bricklayer
  • Labourer
  • Decorator
  • Construction Packaging Guide

59
Construction Publications
  • Saving money raw materials in construction
  • GG493 - case studies
  • GG500 - case studies from Scotland
  • Trade sheets
  • EN608 Decorator
  • EN609 Labourer
  • EN610 Carpenter
  • EN611 Bricklayer
  • GG606 Construction Packaging Guide
  • GG642 SWMP Resource Efficiency Guide

60
This cant be for free?
  • Yes, it is free.
  • It is funded though Landfill Tax to help
    businesses like yours.
  • Find out more by taking action now and completing
    your Action Plan

61
Getting started
  • Advice Line 0800 585794
  • Website www.envirowise.gov.uk
  • South East Regional Manager
  • Holly Firmin
  • 0870 190 2852
  • holly.firmin_at_envirowise.gov.uk

62
Final Thought
  • Why not start calling them Site Waste
    Minimisation Plans?
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