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Cosmetology:

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: owner Last modified by: Barbara Mandato Created Date: 9/27/2006 1:46:39 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cosmetology:


1

Cosmetology History and Career
Opportunities 2012 Edition
2
In your group, list on flip chart paper all of
the occupations you believe are included in the
Cosmetology profession. For some, you will need
to think outside of the box
3
Cosmetology is defined The art and science of
beautifying and improving the skin, hair, and
nails and includes the study of cosmetics and
their application.
4
Add I am responsible for my own education
5
Cosmetology includes hairstyling nail
technology esthetics
Curly-hairstyles.blogspot.com Caofb.com/esthetics
Coolnaolsart.com/bubbles
6
Cosmetology
Greek word kosmetikos Means skilled in the use
of cosmetics
Add to side bar Barber Latin word barba Means
the beard or the hair of the beard.
7
Archeological studies Reveal that
haircutting and hairstyling were practiced as
early as the glacial age
  • Implements Used
  • Sharpened flints
  • Oyster shells
  • Bone
  • Animal sinew
  • Strips of hide


8
Pigments made from

Berries Bark of trees
Minerals Insects
Nuts Herbs
Leaves And other materials
Danielmeissler.com Takegreatpictures.com
9
Ancient Egyptians
  • The first to cultivate beauty in an extravagant
    fashion

Charismaallover.wordpress.com Sheniquemag.blogspot
.com
10
  • first to use
  • cosmetics as part of their personal
    beautification habits
  • in religious ceremonies
  • preparing the deceased for burial

11
3000 B.C. minerals, insects, and berries to
create makeup henna to stain the hair and
nails first to use essential oils for
perfumes
Mnsu.edu Womensnet.com/about hair
history Americanaromatherapy.com
12
  • created kohl makeup
  • mixture of ground galena (a black mineral)
  • sulfur
  • animal fat

Makeupweb.guide.com
13
  • used to heavily line the eyes
  • alleviate eye inflammations
  • protect the eyes from the glare of the sun
  • In ancient Egypt and Rome, military commanders
    stained their nails and lips in matching colors
    before important battles

14
  • Chinese
  • 1600 B.C. aristocrats
  • rubbed tinted mixtures onto their nails
  • turned crimson or ebony
  • 1100 B.C.
  • gold and silver were royal colors
  • commoners caught wearing a royal nail color
    faced a punishment of death

15
Add Egyptian and Roman women temporarily waved
their hair by applying a mixture of soil and
water (mud) to the hair and wrapping it around
crudely made wooden rollers to bake in the sun
all day.
In Africa, hair was groomed with
intricately carved combs and adorned
with beads, clay and colored bands
16
  • The Greeks (500 B.C.)
  • hairstyling-highly developed art
  • used perfumes and cosmetics in religious rites,
    in grooming, and for medicinal purposes
  • developed excellent method
  • of dressing the hair and
  • caring for the skin and nails

Karenswhimsy.com
17
mangatutorials.com Stcatherinesprimary.co.uk Karen
swhimsy.com
18
  • used white lead on faces, kohl on eyes and
    vermillion on cheeks and lips
  • vermillion-bright red pigment made by
  • grinding cinnabar
  • a mineral that is the chief source of
    mercury
  • The fine powder was mixed with ointment or dusted
    on the skin in the same way as cosmetics are
    applied today

Margretshort.typepad.com
19
Romans (296 B.C.)
  • facials of milk, bread and fine wine were
    popular
  • mixture of chalk and lead used for facial
    cosmetic
  • hairstyling services introduced women used
    hair color to indicate class in society as
    follows
  • - noblewomen red hair
  • - middle-class women blonde
  • - poor women black

20
  • FYI
  • Julius Caesar 101-44 BC
  • had his face tweezed everyday
  • this started a trend among
  • the men of that time

www.american-pictures.com/genealogy/descent/p...
21
Explore-italian-culture.com Roman-colosseum.info C
rystallyn.vox.vom Digonsite.com Eternallycool.net
22
  • Middle ages
  • included towering headdresses, intricate
    hairstyles, and cosmetics
  • Women wore ms
  • makeup on cheeks and lips, not eyes
  • steam distillation was invented, which is still
    used to create essentials oils today

23
Usiweb.usi.edu Edarlein.deviantart.com Herstoria.c
om
24
  • Renaissance
  • shaved eyebrows and hairline-thought to give
    the women a look of greater intelligence
  • Elaborate, elegant clothing
  • Fragrances and cosmetics were used
  • highly colored cosmetics were
  • discouraged.

Wholesale.garison.com
25
Press.princeton.edu Abeautyglorious.blogspot.com 2
.ivcc.rdu
26
  • Victorian Age
  • to preserve the health and beauty of the skin,
    women used beauty masks and packs made from
    natural ingredients
  • pinched their cheeks and bit their lips to
    colorize rather than use cosmetics

27
  • ADD both to side bar
  • 1892 Frenchman, Alexander F.
  • Godefroy, invented a
  • hot-blast hair dryer
  • 1890 First hairdressing academy opening in
    Chicago by Frenchman, Bribois and Federmeyer.

Probeautykit.com
28
The Twentieth Century
  • motion pictures-shift in American attitudes
  • viewers wanted the flawless complexions,
    beautiful hairstyles, manicured nails
  • beauty began to follow trends

29
Vivien Leigh 1940s
Jean Harlow 1930s
Elizabeth Taylor 1950s
Newhotstuff.net
30
  • 1901-1910
  • Max Factor began making and selling makeup to
    movie stars that would not cake or crack, even
    under the hot studio lights

Rubylane.com Onlineauction.com
31
  • 1905, Charles Nessler invented heavily wired
    machine that supplied electrical current to
    metal rods around which hair strands were
    wrapped
  • units were heated
  • kept away from the scalp by counterbalancing
    weights suspended from an overhead chandelier
    mounted to a stand

32
Internet source
33
  • Two methods were used to wind hair strands around
    the metal units
  • Spiral wrap long hair was wound from scalp to
    ends
  • Croquignole wrap for short hair, wound from
    ends to scalp.

34
Success story of the cosmetology industry
Madam C.J. Walker
  • daughter of a former slave
  • born Sarah Breedlove in 1867
  • during the 1890s she suffered from a scalp
    condition and began to lose her hair.
  • she experimented with store-bought products
    and home-made remedies

Inventors.about.com
35
  • invented hair grower scalp conditioner
  • devised sophisticated sales and marketing
    strategies and traveled extensively giving
    product demonstrations
  • built a factory, hair salon
  • and training school

1929
www.scott.k12.va.us/rita/51757_2.JPG
36
  • gave time and money to organizations like NAACP
    and the YMCA
  • organized the first national meetings for
    businesswomen
  • pioneer of the modern African-American hair
    care and cosmetic industry

Scribalterror.blogs.com Urbanstages.org
37
  • Marcel Grateau invented the first curling iron
    (called Marcel iron and Marcel waving)
  • 1923-invented the electric version
  • Also developed a PW machine, barber clippers,
    safety razor, and other devices.

38
  • 1920s
  • cosmetic industry grew rapidly
  • ads expenditures in radio alone went from
    390,000.00 to 3.2 million by the end of the
    decade

Digitalhistory.uh.edu Vintagepowderroom.com
39
  • 1931, preheat method was introduced- hair was
    wrapped in the croquinole method
  • clamps heated by a separate electrical machine
    were place over the wound curls

Dehaarsite.nl
40
  • 1932, Ralph L. Evans and Everett G. McDonough
    pioneered a method that used external heat
    generated by chemical reaction was introduced
  • small flexible pads containing a chemical
    mixture were wound around hair strands
  • pads moistened with water released a chemical
    heat creating long-lasting curls
  • machineless permanent wave was born

41
  • 1932
  • Revlon marketed the first nail polish
  • (not stain) using formulas borrowed from the
    car paint industry
  • dramatic shift in nail cosmetics
  • array of nail lacquer colors available
  • early screen stars started the trend of wearing
    matching colors on their fingers and toes

Quirkyfinds.com
42
  • 1932-Clairol created permanent haircolor
  • 1938 the cold wave was invented that used no
    machine or heat
  • considered to be the precursor to the modern
    perm

Library.duke.edu Ebay.com
43
  • 1941, scientists developed waving lotion that
    did not require heat
  • called cold wave

Modernlab.com
44
  • today, the term texture service is used to
    describe the variety of permanent wave services
    and straightening services available for
    different hair types and conditions

Just-hairstyles.com Hairstyles-pictures.com
45
Barbering and Medicine
The Barber Pole-symbol of the barber-surgeon, has
its roots from the bloodletting procedure that
was once thought to strengthen the immune system
  1. Pole the staff patients held a staff tightly
    in order for the veins in the arm to stand out.
  2. Bottom basin basin was the vessel that caught
    the blood.

46
Hillsdalebarnantiques.com Azbarberboard.us
47
3. White bandages stop blood the bandages used
to stop the bleeding were hung on the staff to
dry. The stained bandages would twist around
the pole forming the red/white pattern.
Another interpretation is that the red
represented the blood, blue the veins, and
white the bandages. Barbers still use the
symbol today.
48
  • 1951-2000
  • introduction of tube mascara,
  • improved hair care,
  • and nail products

Southportbeautysalon.com Nailsupplywebsite.com
49
  • boom and death of the
  • weekly salon
  • appointment

Flickr.com
50
  • 1960s-Vidal Sassoons revolutionary geometric
    haircuts

Discoveringhair.wordpress.com Ladybear.gaia.com Ca
mpuscircle.net
51
  • 1970s highlighting techniques of hair weaving
    using aluminum foil

Tpcs-auction.org Zebrahairandbeauty.com
52
  • 1980s heavy use of eye make-up and blushand
    really BIG HAIR, just ask Mrs. Kucas

Images.mix.com Moviedearest.blogspot.com
53
  • 1990s haircolor became gentler, allowing
    everyone to be able to color their hair without
    breakage

Hairsandiego.com Pitchengine.com Hairstyle-blog.co
m
54
1998-Creative Nail Design introduced the first
spa pedicure nail art also entered the
seen by the 1990s
Yelp.com Looklocally.com
55
Nailartgallery.com Breakforfunzarke.net Kaskus.us
56
  • 21st Century
  • gentle-no fade hair colors
  • estheticians rejuvenate the face and keep
    sunspots, and mild acne under control
  • specialization became popular-hair colorist,
    hair cutting specialist, nail technician, etc.
    providing a full array of services

57
haircoloring in the twentieth century has
become a multibillion-dollar industry of
professional products!!!!!!!
the huge growth in day spas has also been a
significant development
the domain of cosmetology has changed
dramatically . All the new services and skills
have transformed and expanded the role of
cosmetologists, requiring them to know more than
ever and to make continuing education a necessity
58
  • mens-only specialty shops and barber spas have
    gained popularity, providing new opportunities
    for mens hair, skin and nail care specialists

Luxury-insider.com Psfk.com Reviewjournal.com
59
Career Paths
  • Haircolor specialist
  • perform color services
  • work for a product manufacturer

Beautyschools.edu Beautifulhairsandiego.com
60
Texture specialist perming
Texture straightening Services
training others work for manufacturer New
subspecialty-curly hair specialist maintains
natural curl
61
Ehow.com Stylekandy.com Easy-hairstyles.com
62
  • Cutting specialist
  • Learning various cutting styles and techniques
  • Perfect your own skills
  • Develop your own method of cutting hair
  • (everyone develops their own way of cutting
    hair)

63
Plumstudiossalon.com Guidespot.com
64
  • Salon trainer- train others
  • management and interpersonal relationship
    training
  • Small salons
  • large organizations
  • Trade associations

65
  • Distributor sales consultant-salon
  • new products, new trends, and new techniques
  • excellent opportunity

66
Cosmetology instructor Add terms only-not
definitions
  • Salon stylist
  • performs all services offered in a salon.

67
Wig or extensions specialist-change the
length , texture and color by adding
extensions, through braiding, weaving, bonding,
gluing, or sewing. Wigs, especially for people
who experience hair loss. Or a mens hair
replacement specialist
Cambridge.gumtree.com Jamaica-newyork.olx.com
68
Retail specialist
  • handling merchandise and inventory

Thedressingroomsalon.com divasalonspa,.com
69
  • Skin Care Specialist/Esthetician-
  • offers treatments
  • makeup
  • work with Dermatologists
  • Many will own their own business

70
Instituteofaesthetics.org Designingbeautyacademy.c
om Dominelli.com
71
  • Makeup artist-
  • able to blend, shade, and create any image
  • work with a private clientele
  • makeup director for a department store
  • represent a line of cosmetics
  • work in TV or film, fashion magazines, theater,
    independent freelancer


72
Centennialcollege.ca Flickr.com
73
Nail technician-provide clients with
manicures and pedicures, nail art, artificial
nail services Day Spa stylist or
technician-all salon services plus treatments
like body massage, body wraps, hydrotherapy.
74
Beautynewsnyc.com Funandsun.com
75
  • Product educator
  • Travel is a must
  • Speak to groups of people

Lastheplace.com
76
  • Cosmetic chemist-
  • cosmetic manufacturers
  • consultant for several companies
  • be on a panel that studies products
  • Further education may be required

Lsct.com
77
Session stylist-stylist for models being
photographed for magazines or books
Rheeviews.com Hji.co.uk
78
Ftape.com
79
Mastionne.com Epicartistry.com
80
  • Styles director/artistic director
  • works with videographers, fashion magazines,
    publishing companies
  • Design team member
  • creates presentations for fashion shows, runway
    work, hair shows, etc. On the cutting edge of
    fashion and design

81
  • Platform artist
  • on stage, performing for people, sharing
    knowledge and traveling. Demonstrates current
    trends and techniques. Salon experience is a must

Arrojostudio.com
82
  • Competition Champion
  • the best display their individual talents and
    techniques. Often establishes their own salon,
    works as trainers, and sets a high standard for
    pricing
  • Educator
  • work as an educational consultant for a product
    manufacturer, educator in the private or
    technicalsector, school director.

83
  • Writer
  • for articles, books, brochures, produce videos.
    Work for a publishing company
  • State board member
  • take a proactive role in the regulatory issues
    affecting the cosmetology industry. You could
    also become a state board examiner or a state
    board inspector

84
  • Salon industry grosses about 50 billion a
    year in revenue
  • no limit to your possibilities
  • develop your skills
  • most creative and unique career

85
  • Salon Management
  • management opportunities are diverse
  • inventory manager
  • department head
  • special events manager
  • assistant manager
  • general manager

86
Salon owner enroll in business classes to
learn about managing
products departments people
87
Reflectionssaloninc.com Identity-uk.com
88
  • You must decide whether you want to work in
  • Specialty salon
  • Full-service salon (hair, skin, and nail
    services)
  • Day spa (skin, body, nail, and hair services that
    emphasize beauty and wellness

89
  • FYI at top of page 14
  • focus on your studies
  • read trade publications
  • become a member in trade associations
  • continue your education by attending workshops
    outside of school
  • your personal dedication and passion will
    determine your success.
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