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The Spanish American War

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The Spanish American War Notes Page For centuries, Cuba had been controlled by Spain. Cubans were fighting for independence. U.S. businessmen were worried about ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Spanish American War


1
The Spanish American War
  • Notes Page

2
  • For centuries, Cuba had been controlled by Spain.
    Cubans were fighting for independence.
  • U.S. businessmen were worried about destruction
    of trade, government leaders worried about a
    rebellion, and the American people were concerned
    about atrocities (violence/abuse) against Cuban
    citizens.

3
  • What was causing many Americans to get more
    interested in going to war? Yellow Journalism
  • President McKinley wanted to stay neutral.
  • The U.S. was forced to be involved after what
    incident? The sinking of the Battleship Maine by
    the Spanish.
  • What new information might have changed the U.S.
    involvement in the war? Finding out that the
    sinking of the Maine was an accident.

4
  • What did the Filipinos have in common with the
    Cubans? Both wanted independence from Spain.
  • What happened at Manila Bay in the Philippines?
    U.S. launched a surprise attack on the Spanish
    fleet and destroyed most of their ships.
  • What did Teddy Roosevelt do to contribute to the
    war after leaving his job with the navy? He led
    the 1st regiment of the U.S. Calvary volunteers
    (called the Rough Riders)

5
  • What happened in the battle of Santiago Bay?
    American troops blocked the coast and trapped the
    Spanish Fleet, heavy fighting took place and
    eventually the Spanish were defeated.
  • After defeating the Spanish in Cuba, we quickly
    landed in Puerto Rico and claimed it as well.
  • Spain signed an armistice or peace agreement,
    ending the war.
  • The war lasted fewer than 4 months and 400 U.S.
    soldiers were killed in battle.

6
  • More than 2,000 U.S. troops died from diseases.
  • The treaty to end the war was called the Treaty
    of Paris.
  • In this treaty, the U.S. received 3 things
  • a. Cuba became an American protectorate
  • b. Puerto Rico and Guam became U.S. territories
  • c. Spain sold us the Philippines for 20
    million dollars.

7
  • People who did not want to take over new lands
    were called anti-imperialists. They did not like
    this because they felt it contradicted with
    principles on which the U.S. was founded, worried
    about the large army needed to protect new
    territories, and feared competition with Filipino
    workers.
  • Why did some people like getting all this new
    land? Because it showed the world we had power
    and were willing to fight to keep the peace
    around the world.

8
  • Why do you think the Filipino and Cubans were mad
    at the U.S. after the war (you have to think
    about this one)?

9
  • We helped them, and then we took over their
    country!
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