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Subject-Verb Agreement

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Subject-Verb Agreement (It seems as though it should be so obvious!) THE RULES Every clause has a subject and verb. A verb must agree with its subject in person (1st ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Subject-Verb Agreement


1
Subject-Verb Agreement
  • (It seems as though it should be so obvious!)

2
THE RULES
  • Every clause has a subject and verb.
  • A verb must agree with its subject in person
    (1st, 2nd, 3rd) and in number.
  • I swim.
  • She swims.
  • They swim.
  • Only the subject affects the conjugation of the
    verb.

3
EXAMPLES
  • The intelligence of the students (amaze/amazes)
    each teacher.
  • The designs for the new Roessler (seem/seems)
    very outrageous.

4
Intervening Prep Phrases
  • When a prepositional phrase intervenes between
    the subject and the verb, do not mistake an
    object of a preposition with a subject.

5
EXAMPLES
  • Everyone (like/likes) strawberries with cream.
  • None of the eggs (was/were) broken.
  • None of his advice (make/makes) sense.

6
Agreement with Indefinite Pronouns
  • Indefinite pronouns refer to nonspecific persons
    or things.
  • Some of them are always singular, some are always
    plural, and some can be singular or plural
    depending on the context.
  • Use logic when choosing a verb to go with an
    indefinite pronoun subject.

7
EXAMPLES!
  • Kyla and Amanda (cause/causes) a lot of trouble
    in Spanish class.
  • Macaroni and cheese (help/helps) me study late at
    night.
  • Neither Chase nor Juan (know/knows) the
    perpetrator.
  • Either the cheerleaders or Kristina (has/have)
    the most spirit.

8
Agreement with Compound Subjects
  • Consider compound subjects joined by and or by
    both and to be plural unless they constitute
    one unit.
  • With compound subjects joined by or or nor,
    make the verb agree with the subject nearer the
    verb.

9
EXAMPLES!
  • The eagle is one of the many birds that (is/are)
    endangered.
  • The eagle is the only one of the birds of prey
    that (is/are) recognized by most people.
  • Gottlieb Daimler was one of two nineteenth
    century inventors who (was/were) successful in
    producing a working automobile.

10
Agreement in Adjective Clauses
  • The verb in any clause must agree with its
    subject. Adjective clauses often have relative
    pronouns as their subjects. The verb in an
    adjective clause must agree with the antecedent
    of the relative pronoun.

11
EXAMPLES!
  • Holes (is/are) a favorite Middle School book.
  • A major voice in school decisions (is/are) the
    students on the Academic Council.
  • There (was/were) screaming fans when Teddy
    returned.
  • Completing her assignments (has/have) been a
    problem for Andie.

12
Rare Problems
  • Consider titles of works to be singular.
  • Verbs agree with subjects, not always with
    predicate nominatives.
  • Verbs agree with subjects, even when the subjects
    come afterward.
  • Consider gerunds that are subjects to be singular.

13
REVIEW!
  • Only the subject affects the conjugation of the
    verb, not an object of the preposition or a
    predicate nominative.
  • Compound subjects affect a verb differently
    depending on the context.
  • Verbs in dependent clauses must agree with the
    antecedent of the pronoun subject.
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