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Title:

Woodwind

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Woodwind Family Woodwind Family Characteristics Originally made from wood Mouthpiece: fixed hole, single reed, double reed Single column Keys to cover holes in the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Woodwind


1
Woodwind
  • Family

2
Woodwind FamilyCharacteristics
  • Originally made from wood
  • Mouthpiece fixed hole,
  • single reed, double reed
  • Single column
  • Keys to cover holes in the
  • body
  • Bell

3
More About the Woodwind Family
  • Woodwinds are any instrument that is played by
    forcing air past a vibrating reed or across an
    opening
  • Woodwinds are made of all kinds of materials, but
    mainly wood and metal.
  • A reed is a small piece of cane wood that is used
    on the mouthpiece
  • Single reed
  • Double reed is different in that both sides are
    cane, rather than part of a mouthpiece

4
Clarinet
  • Popular woodwind instrument
  • Can play a range of notes from high to low
  • Single reed
  • Held vertically
  • Bell

mellow
expressive
5
Saxophone
J A Z Z
  • The saxophone looks like it ought to be a brass
    instrument, its in the woodwind family because
    the player uses a reed.
  • Single reed instrument
  • Used in jazz music
  • Easier to play than the other
  • woodwinds
  • Bright sound
  • Held vertically

6
Oboe
  • Looks a lot like the English horn
  • Snake charmers used this instrument
  • Double reed
  • Held vertically

high
piercing
7
English Horn
  • Double reed
  • Held vertically
  • Funny shaped bell
  • Egg Head
  • Look a lot like the oboe

melancholy
Dreamy
8
Bassoon
  • Largest in the Woodwind family
  • (Almost 8 feet long)
  • Plays the lowest sound in the
  • family and orchestra
  • Held vertically
  • Double reed

lowest
L A R G E S T
9
Flute
High Pitches
  • Originally made from wood but is now made out of
    silver-nickel
  • Played by blowing the breath across the opening
  • Plays high pitches (but not as high as the
    piccolo)
  • Held horizontal (to the side)

Silvery
Airy
Clear
10
Piccolo
High Pitches
  • Piccolo mean little flute in Italian
  • Smallest in the Woodwind family
  • Plays the highest pitches in the Woodwind family
    and the entire orchestra
  • Played horizontally (to the side)
  • No reed just a fixed hole

piercing
Shrill
smallest
11
Single Reed
  • Clarinet
  • Saxophone

12
Double Reed
  • Oboe
  • English horn
  • Bassoon

13
No Reed
  • Piccolo
  • Flute

14
Woodwind Family Sound
  • Woodwinds are played by blowing into them through
    the reed or across the top of a hole cut into the
    instrument. The noise comes from the vibrating
    air resonating inside the tube.
  • To change the pitch, the player opens or closes
    holes cut into the instrument with his/her
    fingers or by pushing levers (keys) that cover
    the holes.
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