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Indigenous Australian Culture

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Title: Indigenous Australian Culture Author: Georgette Leah Burns Last modified by: Song Baek Created Date: 9/22/2010 2:08:10 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Indigenous Australian Culture


1
Indigenous Australian Culture
  • Leah Burns
  • N13 2.16
  • Ph 37353649
  • Leah.Burns_at_griffith.edu.au

2
Acknowledgment to Country
I would like to acknowledge the Traditional
Custodians of this land upon which this
university stands. As part of the oldest
surviving and continuous culture in the world, I
pay my respects to the Spirit of this land and
her people.
3
Outline
  • Lecture on Indigenous Australians
  • Who they are
  • What is culture?
  • History
  • Key Issues
  • Lunch with Gumurrii Student Support Unit
  • Sausage sizzle

4
Readings
  • Broome, R. 2010 Aboriginal Australians A
    history since 1788. 4th Edition. Crows Nest
    Allen and Unwin.
  • First Australians. SBS series.
    http//www.youtube.com/watch?vE5SCo2xDO6s

5
Not Homogenous
6
Who is an Indigenous Person?
7
Who is an Indigenous Australian?
  • Descendant of original inhabitants
  • Identifies as indigenous person
  • Is accepted by the community as such

8
What is Culture?
  • A blue print for the way we live
  • The sum total of knowledge, attitudes and
    habitual behaviour patterns shared and
    transmitted by the members of a particular
    society

9
History
  • 2000 generations
  • Here at least 50 000 years (120 000?)

10
Lived in Diverse Ecologies
11
Hunter-Gatherer Lifestyle
  • Nomadic
  • Simple technology
  • Intimate knowledge of the environment
  • E.g. use of fire

12
Population
  • Population
  • low density
  • thought to be stationary
  • 300000, living in 500 tribes

13
Organisation
  • Bands
  • Kinship
  • Egalitarian
  • no specialisation of labour
  • Reciprocity and sharing
  • no surplus

14
Religion
  • The Dreaming
  • The Dreamtime
  • Sacred sites
  • Totemism
  • Beliefs and practices in which relations are
    postulated between people or groups of people and
    natural species, objects or phenomena (Horton
    19941093).

15
Some Key Dates
  • 1788 Settlement
  • (or invasion)
  • 1967 Referendum

16
Some Key Dates
  • 1972 Aboriginal Tent Embassy

17
Some Key Dates
  • 1976 Northern Territory Land Rights Act
  • 1985 Uluru - co-management

18
Some Key Dates
  • 1788 Settlement
  • (or invasion)
  • 1967 Referendum
  • 1972 Aboriginal Tent Embassy
  • 1976 Northern Territory Land Rights Act
  • 1985 Uluru Co-management
  • 1993 Native Title Act

19
Native Title
20
Some Key Issues
  • Stolen Generation
  • Land Rights

21
Land Issues
22
  • ABORIGINAL
  • Birth
  • Descent from owners
  • Birth in a place
  • Knowledge
  • Responsibility
  • EUROPEAN
  • Cultivation
  • Adding value
  • Exclusion
  • Alienability

23
Some Key Issues
  • Stolen Generation
  • Land Rights
  • Health

24
Population
25
Population
26
(No Transcript)
27
2012
28
Aborigines and the Law
Aborigines 20 times more likely to be picked up
by police 10 to 20 times more likely to be
goaled, often for relatively trivial offences 20
times more likely to die in custody Explanations s
ocial dislocation abuse of discretionary powers
of police institutional discrimination Remedies re
duce numbers in custody (decriminalisation
drunkenness, modified police practice) reduce
risk of death (supervision, monitoring, improved
accommodation) eradicating underlying causes
(economic, educational, land, health etc.)
29
The Intervention
30
The Nature of the Intervention
  • Justified by child abuse rates
  • (13.7 per 1000, same as Qld non-indigenous)
  • Quarantining 50 of welfare payments
  • Cancellation of Commonweath Development
    Employment Program schemes
  • Cancellation of permit system
  • Suspension of Racial Discrimination Act
  • No consultation with communities

31
The Apology
32
Multi-choice Questions
  • 1. Since the arrival of Europeans, the population
    of Indigenous Australians
  • a. has steadily increased
  • has steadily decreased
  • decreased at first, but is now thought to be
    about the same as it was when Europeans arrived
  • d. increased at first, but is now lower than it
    was thought to be when Europeans arrived
  • A national referendum, at which 89 of all
    Australians agreed that Aborigines should be
    included as citizens and allowed to vote, was
    held in
  • a. 1958
  • b. 1967
  • c. 1972
  • d. 1976
  • Aboriginal culture was undermined by
  • a. The introduction of diseases to which
    Indigenous Australians were not immune
  • b. A reduction in population numbers due to
    fighting with Europeans
  • c. Indigenous children being taken from their
    parents, to be brought up as Europeans in
    missions
  • d. All of the above

33
References
  • Broome, R. 2012 Aboriginal Australians A
    history since 1788. 4th Edition. Crows Nest
    Allen and Unwin.
  • Horton, D. (ed) 1994 The Encyclopaedia of
    Aboriginal Australia. Canberra Aboriginal
    Studies Press.
  • Bringing Them Home report 1997
  • Videos available in the Griffith Library
  • SBS. 2008 First Australians.
  • Mabo Life of an Island Man
  • Brisbane Dreaming An Aboriginal History of
    Brisbane
  • Our History Colonists Arrive
  • After Mabo
  • Frontier
  • Stone Country
  • Rabbit Proof Fence
  • Ten Canoes
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