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Cultural Legacy of Africa

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Cultural Legacy of Africa Early Peoples/Government First hunter-gatherers Settled Farming communities- Slash and burn agriculture Villages develop: power shared; no ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cultural Legacy of Africa


1
Cultural Legacy of Africa
2
Early Peoples/Government
  • First hunter-gatherers
  • Settled Farming communities- Slash and burn
    agriculture
  • Villages develop power shared no
  • central authority

3
Family
  • Some families patrilineal inheritance passed
    through fathers side
  • Some matrilineal inheritance traced through
    mothers side
  • Belonged to a lineage group of household who
    claimed a common ancestor. Several lineages
    formed a clan

4
Religion
  • Polytheistic
  • Used rituals and ceremonies to influence nature
    and sprits
  • Spirits of ancestors could affect people on earth
  • Islam moves into West African Kingdoms

5
African Written and Oral Tradition
  • Griots Record keepers
  • Before West Africa had written histories griots
    would memorize everything and recite to the
    people
  • Very important in West African culture
  • Folktales a story that is usually passed down
    orally and becomes part of a communitys
    tradition
  • Folktales pass along history and teach young
    people morals and values
  • Famous folktale about the trickster hare-Brer
    rabbit

6
  • Proverb Popular sayings that use images from
    everyday life to express ideas or give advice
  • Ex Every time an old man dies it is as if a
    library has burnt down
  • Written tradition After Islam spread to West
    Africa written tradition became more important.
  • West Africans used Arabic to
  • write

7
West African Music
  • Music Communicates ideas, values, and feelings.
    Celebrates historic events and important
    occasions
  • Call and response A leader sings a short phrase
    then the group repeats the phrase
  • Enslaved Africans
  • brought call and
  • response to
  • America

8
Instruments
  • Balafon Original Griot instrument.
  • Wooden bars laid across a frame
  • like a zylophone
  • Ngoni Small stringed instrument
  • Made of hollowed out piece of
  • carved into the shape of a canoe

9
  • Kora Harplike instrument with 21 strings
  • Made out of gourd that is cut in half and covered
    with cow skin

10
  • Drums Important part of West African culture
  • Used during parties,
  • meetings, ceremonies,
  • and religious gatherings
  • Made out of hollowed out
  • logs and covered with
  • animal skins

11
Dance
  • Dance very important
  • Used for rituals, ceremonies, important events,
    celebrate success, educate children, seek help of
    spirits, and connect with ancestors
  • Dance movements reflect the conditions people
    live in

12
Masks
  • Masks made of wood
  • very detailed
  • Very important for
  • ceremonies,
  • performances, and
  • sacred rites
  • Used to summon
  • spirits of the gods and ancestors
  • Inspired artists such as Picasso

13
West African Visual Art
  • Sculpture-used to call upon spirits and honor
    leaders.
  • Used ivory, wood, bronze
  • Turned practical objects into things of
    beauty-storage containers, utensils, furniture,
    baskets

14
Textiles
  • Kente Cloth most famous
  • Sew together narrow strips of fabric
  • Colors and design have symbolic meaning
  • Seen today around the world especially in quilts
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