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Common Sports Injuries

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Common Sports Injuries Recap from last class Joints terms, types Range of movement in joints Structure and function of joints Different types of synovial joints ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Common Sports Injuries


1
Common Sports Injuries
2
Recap from last class
  • Joints terms, types
  • Range of movement in joints
  • Structure and function of joints
  • Different types of synovial joints and their
    characteristics
  • Joint movement

3
Tissue Properties
  • Tissues have vascular properties
  • Vascularity refers to the amount of blood a
    tissue has or requires
  • Ligaments and cartilage are avascular because
    they do not receive their nutrients through
    blood. They receive it through compression

4
Tissue Properties
  • Bones and muscles are vascular, therefore they
    receive nutritional needs through blood
  • Ligaments and cartilage are avascular because
    they do not receive their nutrients through
    blood. They receive it through compression
  • The more vascular a tissue, the less time it
    takes to recover from an injury

5
Ankle Sprain
  • A severe in-turning or out-turning of the foot
    may cause the ligaments of the ankle to stretch
    beyond their normal length.
  • If the force is too strong, the ligaments can
    tear. The amount of force determines the grade
    of the sprain.

6
First Third Degree Tears, Sprains and Pulls
  • Tears, sprains and pulls are used to describe
    joint injuries
  • Sprains are associated with ligaments and tendons
  • Pulls and strains are associated with muscles

7
First Third Degree Tears, Sprains and Pulls
  • Tears, sprains and pulls fall into 3 categories
    on severity of injury
  • 1. First degree Mild and least severe. It
  • will take a short time (a day or a few
  • days) to heal if proper care is taken the
  • moment injury occurs.
  • 2. Second degree They are moderate.
  • They require treatment from a
    physiotherapist
  • once diagnosed by a Doctor.
  • 3. Third degree Most severe injury. May
    require
  • surgery and rehabilitation.

8
  • Common Sports Injuries

9
Tendinitis
  • Inflammation of a tendon caused by irritation due
    to a prolonged or abnormal use

10
Tendinitis
11
Dislocations
  • Dislocations occur when a bone is displaced from
    its original location
  • It usually involves damage to joint capsule and
    ligaments that hold the 2 bones together
  • Muscles and tendons may be torn based on severity
    of dislocation

12
Dislocations
13
Separations
  • Separations occur when bones held together by
    fibrous ligaments tear and separate from each
    other

14
Separations
15
Cartilage Damage
  • Recap three main types of cartilage
  • 1. Hyaline cartilage found at ends of
  • bones and free moving joints most
  • common
  • 2. Fibrocartilage tough and very strong
  • cartilage that is found between
  • vertebrae
  • 3. Elastic Cartilage yellow cartilage
    makes up
  • external ear, auditory tube and epiglottis

16
Cartilage Damage
  • Cartilage is covered by perichondrium
  • Cartilage has no blood supply (avascular),
    therefore takes time to heal
  • Cartilage damage or injuries (known in popular
    sports language as torn cartilage) in the knee
    is common in sports like soccer and basketball

17
Cartilage Damage
18
Shin Splints
  • It is overuse of shin without adequate recovery
    time
  • This term refers to a painful condition occurring
    in the medial or lateral side of the tibia, on
    its shaft
  • Its caused by tearing of interosseus membrane
    (located between tibia and fibula) or the
    periosteum (the lining of the bone)

19
Shin Splints
20
Proper Treatment of an Injury
  • Injuries occur in all sports
  • When an injury occurs, one or more of the
    following signs will appear in this acronym SHARP
  • Swelling instantly or overtime
  • Heat or increased temperature of
  • injured area
  • Altered, the tissue may not function
  • properly
  • Red in color and the area might be
  • Painful to touch or move

21
The PIER Principle
  • When a fellow teammate gets injured in a sport,
    you should follow the P.I.E.R. principle to treat
    injury
  • Pressure
  • Ice
  • Elevation
  • Restriction
  • when an injury occurs, make sure it is diagnosed
    and treated by a sports medicine doctor or a
    chiropractor with a sports injury background
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