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Fireworks Safety


Firecrackers, Sparklers, & Rockets account for the highest percentage of fireworks injuries. ... Make sure the shell is on the bottom. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fireworks Safety

Fireworks Safety
The information contained in this presentation is
solely intended to provide an education on
fireworks safety
What is Safe-N-Sane?

Safe-N-Sane items do not have projectiles, do
not leave the ground. Some items in this category
are sparklers, ground blooms spinners,
fountains wheels, novelty items,
smoke. Cakes, shells, rockets, mines, comets,
flyers are NOT considered Safe-N-Sane. These
devices fly into the air, or shoot a projectile
into the air.
Fireworks, when used properly, can be very
enjoyable. Attention to safety is the key. Most
fireworks injuries are directly related to a lack
of adult supervision. Safety gear for the eyes,
hands, head will substantially reduce the risk
of injury. Follow the safety rules, NEVER
misuse a firework. ALWAYS follow the
manufacturers directions!
Different types of Fireworks
Click one !
Roman Candles
Firecrackers, Sparklers, Rockets
Dangerous Devices
  • Firecrackers, Sparklers, Rockets account for
    the highest percentage of fireworks injuries.
  • More than ½ of all fireworks injuries are burns.
  • Sparklers burn at over 1000 degrees.
  • Rockets can fly erratically, posing a significant
    threat to spectators.
  • Firecrackers are the most commonly misused
    firework, accounted for 24 of Emergency Room
    visits in 2003

Never mix alcohol or drugs with
Never use PVC /or glass to launch shells.
PVC/Glass material will turn into shrapnel in the
event of an accident. Only use HDPE(High-Density
Poly Ethylene), Fiberglass, or the supplied
cardboard tube. Cakes must be braced or
glued/taped to a board to prevent accidental
What is a fountain?
A fountain sprays showers of sparks, reaching as
high as 15-20 feet. There are many different
sizes, shapes, styles of fountains. Fountain
effects include colors, crackling,
chrysanthemums, whistles, much more. Fountains
are an excellent replacement for sparklers, as
they provide a much more vivid shower of sparks
while allowing your child to be a safe distance
away. Never shoot fountains sideways, or upside
What is a cake?
A cake is a multi-shot aerial device, usually
containing from 9 to 36 shots. Some cakes have up
to 300 more shots. Cakes come in 3 sizes200
gram, 350 gram, 500 gram. The numbers represent
the maximum amount of pyrotechnic compound, with
500 gram cakes being the largest. Cakes have a
very large variety of effects, from simple stars,
to very large brocades, willows, peonies.
What is a shell?
Shells are aerial devices which are shot from a
mortar tube. Shell kits come with tubes to shoot
from. Kits generally have 6 or 12 shells, with
larger kits having 48 or more. Usually, each kit
will have 1 tube for every 6 shells. Tubes are
designed to be used ONLY for the amount of shells
in that kit. Tubes should be visually inspected
before use. If damage is detected, do not use!
What are sparklers?
Sparklers emit small showers of sparks. There are
2 types of sparkler. Metal rod wooden stick.
This device is often mistaken as safe for young
children. No firework is safe for children.
Sparklers burn at over 1000 degrees. Small
fragments from the sparks can invade the eyes. To
use safely, wear eye protection, hand protection,
tie back hair cover with cotton cap, with an
adult holding the sparkler at all times.
What are rockets?
Rockets are aerial devices. Rockets come in 2
stylesstick plastic body. The most popular is
the bottle rocket, which usually whistles with a
report. Many different effects can be found in
this style of device. Rockets can fly errantly.
To use safely, there must be at least 125 feet
separating the device from any spectator,
building, or dry grass/brush.
What are mines/comets?
A mine emits a single shower of sparks high in
the air. This type of device comes in either a
single-shot tube, or a reloadable shell. Several
cakes have mine shots, as well. Comets are
trails of sparks shot into the air as a pearl,
with a thick tail. Comets are found in cakes,
as tails on some shells. Effects include colors,
crackling, glitter.
What are wheels, smoke, novelties?
Wheels are fountain-like devices that are
attached to a wooden pole or other stable surface
by a nail. Wheels spin give off showers of
sparks, in many different varieties. Smoke
devices emit thick clouds of colored or grey
smoke. Novelty devices include tanks, cars, snap
pops, many others. These devices do not fire
projectiles, are included in the Safe-N-Sane
products. Remember, just because it looks
harmless does not mean it is okay for use by an
unsupervised child. Only an adult should ever
light any type of firework.
Fireworks Links
What's the CPSC?
Pyro Universe
Pyro Review
Fireworks Review
Fireworks Land
American Fireworks News
The CPSC, or Consumer Product Safety Commission,
is the government agency in charge of inspecting
approving consumer class fireworks in America.
The CPSC inspects reports on many types of
consumer products, from bicycles to washing
machines to fireworks. The CPSC also inspects
fireworks dealers inventorys for illegal or
mislabeled fireworks.
Hello- My name is Larry Wood. I have over 20
years experience with consumer fireworks. The
information provided here has been gained through
personal experience, as well as shared knowledge
from the great people at Pyro Universe on the
web. I love fireworks, through my experience I
have learned to also respect them. Following the
advice in this presentation does not guarantee
you will be safe using fireworks. Taking
precautions will reduce the odds of injury. You
must be responsible for every person, building,
area in which you are shooting. Before you light
any type of firework, know what its supposed to
do, only use it in that manner. Stay safe-
Larry Wood
Fireworks Rules
The rules listed on the following pages have been
acquired through both personal shared
experiences. Consider these rules seriously, as
each has a story behind it that caused the rule.
  • Know what the device is supposed to do.
  • Only use the device in the way it was intended,
    per the manufacturers directions.
  • Never place any part of your body over a firework
    device. You must lean in to light safely.

Fireworks Rules
4. Fireworks are for adult use, or close
adult supervision. 5. You must have enough room
to be safe. 50 feet for Safe-N-Sane items
125 feet (minimum) for aerial fireworks Aerial
devices have debris which will fall back to
earth, sometimes with burning embers. Be
Fireworks Rules
6. You must always secure cakes to prevent
tip-overs. Taping/gluing cakes to a board is
the preferred method. 7. Shell tubes should be
secured either by screwing the base to a
board, or buried ¾ deep in dry sand. 8.
Running water in a hose, or water-based fire
extinguisher must be on hand ready.

9. Never try to
re-light a firework.
Fireworks Rules
10. Safety gear for the eyes, hands,
head/face MUST be worn by anyone lighting a
firework. No exceptions!
You should have a flashlight, roll of duct tape,
plastic tarp (weather), 5-gallon bucket of water,
utility knife in the shooting zone. Shooters,
in safety gear only, in the shooting area.
Spectators should keep safe distances per the
rules. This includes the setup!
Please be responsible courteous. Fireworks
disturb most animals, there are some people who
do not like fireworks at all. Following these
rules, using a little neighborly goodwill will
result in fewer injuries complaints. Keeping
fireworks legal in Indiana depends on your
What is a hangfire?
A hangfire occurs when the fuse stops burning,
but remains smoldering, ready to re-ignite at any
moment. If you light a device the fuse begins
burning then stops for any reason, you MUST
assume the fuse is still smoldering on the
inside, may ignite unexpectedly.
Clearing a hangfire
How to clear a hangfire
Wait at least an hour to see if the shell fires
off on it's own. After waiting the hour, fill the
mortar with water so it just covers the top of
the shell. Let the shell soak for at least an
additional hour. This is where your 5 gallon
bucket of water comes in. Carefully lift the
mortar, making sure to never place any part of
your body over the mortar. Dump the dud shell
into the 5 gallon bucket of water. Soak the shell
until it comes apart - paper can be thrown away
and the water can be used as a fertilizer in a
garden. Throw the mortar away. For cake
hangfires, the only change is to thoroughly wet
the device where it sits, then wait the hour
before proceeding to the remaining steps.
What are Roman Candles?
Roman Candles are aerial devices that shoot
colored pearls into the air. Candles come in a
wide variety of effects. DO NOT hold this
firework in your hand! Significant injury could
occur if the device were to breach the tube. Tape
the candle to a wooden stake or metal pipe that
is secured in the ground.
What are spinners/flyers?
Spinner devices spin on the ground emit showers
of sparks. Flyers have wings,
begin spinning on the ground, then fly upwards
emitting showers of sparks. Flyers are labeled
this side up. Flying devices have debris which
will fall back to earth. You must follow the
distance guidelines for aerial devices.
The dangers of firing shells
If your 1st shell is a hangfire, you are in a
dangerous situation. DO NOT attempt to avoid the
safety rules just to fire a few shells. The rules
are designed to keep you safe. Simply put,
shells mortars carry the largest safety
measures for a reason. This type of firework can
be deadly if mishandled. Read understand the
directions for clearing a hangfire. If you feel
this is too much, then dont buy this type of
device. Dont become a statistic.
Fountain Safety
Fountains should be taped or glued to a board.
Ideally, the board will be set up off the ground.
The surface must be stable. Sparks from a
fountain can ignite dry grass/bushes. Wet the
area with a hose before using a fountain. Follow
the safety rules of 50 feet between the device
any spectator, building, dry grass/bushes, any
other flammable object. A super soaker squirt
gun is a great tool for keeping ground wet,
putting out any small flame-ups. Running water in
a hose is the preferred choice.
Cake Safety
Cakes must be taped or glued to a board before
firing to prevent tip-overs. Round cakes pose the
most significant risk of tip-over. Use caution.
Never place any part of your body over any
firework. Cakes can fail due to hangfires, as
well as breaching the tubes through the side.
Again, use caution. You must have 120 feet of
clearance from spectators, dry grass/bushes,
buildings, etc., to shoot safely. Pay attention
to the wind direction. You do not want the
fallout debris landing on your spectators.
Shell Safety
The shooter must strictly follow the rules when
shooting shells. The mortar tube should be
screwed down gently to a large board. Do not
crack the base! Unwrap the fuse from the shell,
suspend the shell by the top of the fuse. Slowly
lower the shell into the mortar, making sure the
shell slides smoothly. Make sure the shell is on
the bottom. Use a torch, grill lighter, or large
punk to light the fuse. Fuse will spark! Get away
from the tube. Never, ever, place any part of
your body over a mortar tube. Follow the 120
rule, as with any aerial device.
Rocket Safety
Rockets should be fired from a thick metal pipe,
or V-shaped trough. Pipe or trough should be
pounded into ground until stable. Place only the
rocket stick into pipe or trough. Allow the
rocket to rest on the lip, with the fuse hanging
out. Light fuse get away. Again, rockets can
fly errantly. Maintain the 125 rule for all
aerial devices. Severe injury may occur if this
rule is ignored.
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