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Famine in Africa

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... Malnutrition and famine represent significant health challenges in Africa. In the 1980 s and 1990 s, countries like Ethiopia, Somalia, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Famine in Africa


1
Famine in Africa
2
Famine
  • A famine is a wide-spread and severe shortage of
    food affecting large numbers of people.
  • Natural causes include droughts, floods,
    earthquakes, insect plagues, and plant disease.

3
Famine, continued
  • Human causes include wars, sieges, civil
    disturbances, and deliberate crop destruction.
  • Wide-spread and chronic hunger and malnutrition
    may result from severe poverty, inefficient food
    distribution, or population increases beyond the
    growing capacity of the land.

4
Deaths from Starvation
  • Sub-Saharan Africa contains only about 10 of the
    world's population.
  • Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for 70 of the total
    worldwide population of people living with
    HIV/AIDS.
  • More than 20 million people who have died of AIDS
    since the epidemic began.
  • 55 of HIV-positive adults in Sub-Saharan Africa
    are women.

5
Starvation
  • Protein-energy malnutrition is a basic lack of
    food (from famine) and a major cause of infant
    deaths worldwide.
  • Starvation is called protein-energy malnutrition
    because the two most essential things food
    provides are protein and energy.
  • When primarily a lack of protein in the food, the
    illness caused in children is called kwashiorkor.
  • When the food supply does not provide enough
    energy (calories), the illness caused is called
    marasmus.
  • In marasmus there is extreme thinness (wasting),
    especially of the arms. In kwashiorkor you don't
    look so thin, partly because the body retains
    more fluid, but you stop growing (stunting).

6
Kwashiorkor
7
Marasmus
8
Starvation, Continued
  • Both can occur together. In both you often have a
    swollen tummy (distended abdomen due to fluid or
    gases), reduced resistance to infection, impaired
    learning ability (mental retardation) and are
    short (stunted growth). This can limit both
    physical and mental ability to perform many
    activities.
  • Adults are also severely affected in famines by
    protein-energy malnutrition, but the children
    usually start dying first.

9
All Nutritional Deficiencies Deaths
  • Sub-Saharan Africa contains only about 10 of the
    world's population.
  • Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for 70 of the total
    worldwide population of people living with
    HIV/AIDS.
  • More than 20 million people who have died of AIDS
    since the epidemic began.
  • 55 of HIV-positive adults in Sub-Saharan Africa
    are women.

10
Nutritional Deficiencies
  • Nutritional deficiencies are due to inadequate
    amounts of particular categories of food and
    nutrients in what you have to eat and drink. All
    of the conditions here involve essential
    nutrients without which you cannot survive. You
    need large amounts of protein and carbohydrates,
    and small amounts of minerals and vitamins. Fats
    are essential to obtain some vitamins from food.

11
Malnutrition and Famine
  • Malnutrition and famine represent significant
    health challenges in Africa. In the 1980s and
    1990s, countries like Ethiopia, Somalia, and
    Sudan experienced famines that killed millions of
    people.
  • Malnutrition contributes the high numbers of
    deaths among Africans from diseases that are
    otherwise seldom fatal. Even preventable
    childhood illnesses such as measles and diptheria
    are often deadly.

12
During the last half of the 20th century Africa
has had numerous civil wars. Africa has a serious
AIDS/HIV crisis. Over 70 of the people
world-wide infected with AIDS live in sub-Saharan
Africa. One of the major consequences of the
numerous civil wars affecting the treatment of
AIDS patients is . A. Lack of medical training.
B. Unsanitary drinking water. C. Over-crowded
refugee camps. D. Disruption in the distribution
of medicine.
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