???(Subjunctive Mood),???????????????????????,????????????????????,?be-????(BE-Subjunctive)?were-????(WERE-Subjunctive)? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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???(Subjunctive Mood),???????????????????????,????????????????????,?be-????(BE-Subjunctive)?were-????(WERE-Subjunctive)?

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16 Subjunctive Mood , – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ???(Subjunctive Mood),???????????????????????,????????????????????,?be-????(BE-Subjunctive)?were-????(WERE-Subjunctive)?


1
?16? ???
2
??
  • ???(Subjunctive Mood),???????????????????????,????
    ????????????????,?be-????(BE-Subjunctive)?were-???
    ?(WERE-Subjunctive)?

3
16.1 be- ????
  • ??????????????????that-???
  • ???if,though???????
  • ??????????

4
  • A. ??decide, decree, demand, insist, move, order,
    prefer, propose, recommend, request, require,
    suggest, vote??????that-????
  • eg. He ordered that all the books be sent at
    once.
  • She insisted that she go to the south for her
    holiday.

5
  • B. ??advisable, appropriate, desirable,
    essential, fitting, imperative, important,
    impossible, necessary, obligatory,
    proper???????that-????
  • eg. It is necessary that he come back without
    delay
  • It was appropriate that this tax be abolished.

6
  • C. ??decision, decree, demand, instruction,
    order, requirement, resolution ??????that-????
  • eg. We were faced with the demand that this tax
    be abolished.
  • Their decision was that the school remain closed.

7
  • Be- ????????if, though, whatever, lest, so long
    as ?????????????????????
  • eg. If he be found guilty, John shall have the
    right of appeal.
  • Though everyone desert you, I will not.

8
  • Be-?????????????????????????????
  • eg. Long live the Peoples Republic of China!
  • God bless you!
  • God damn you!
  • Devil take him!

9
16.2 were-????
  • ?????????
  • ??????????

10
  • Were-????????if, if only, as if, as though,
    though ???????????????,????????????
  • Eg. If I were you, I should wait till next week.
  • He behaves as though he were better than us.

11
  • Were-???????wish, would rather, suppose, imagine
    ???that-???,???????(?????????)???
  • Eg. I wish I remembered the address.
  • I would rather they came tomorrow (you had gone
    there too).

12
16.3 ?????????
  • ???????????????
  • ?????????????????

13
  • ??????????????????????
  • It is time (that)...
  • I would rather/ sooner (that) you/ he/ they...
  • If only...
  • He behaves as if / as though...
  • I wish (that)...

14
  • It is time we went to bed.
  • It is time we had dinner.
  • It is about time you made up your mind.
  • It is high time you lent her a hand.

15
  • Im told they are going by bus, but I would
    rather they went by train.
  • She will get home at dinner time, but I would
    rather she got home a little earlier.
  • He didnt attend the meeting. I would rather he
    had been present.

16
  • If only I knew her address.
  • If only I had enough money with me.
  • If only I had gone by taxi.
  • If only he had remembered to buy some fruit.

17
  • He behaves as if he owned this place.
  • He ordered me about as if he were my boss.
  • We remember the accident vividly as if it
    happened only yesterday.
  • She looked as if she had had some bad news.

18
  • I wish that I didnt have to go to work today.
  • I wish that I were a bit taller.
  • I wish you were coming with me, Peter.
  • I wish I hadnt said that.

19
  • ????????????????????????(Conditional)??????(Implie
    d Conditional)??????????
  • ?????
  • ???????
  • ??????

20
  • If I were you, I would not miss this opportunity.
  • If you should change your mine, do let me know.
  • If it had not been for me, you would not be free
    now.
  • If he had brought a map with him, he wouldnt
    have got lost.

21
  • But for your help, I couldnt have achieved
    anything.
  • Anyone who should violate the law would be
    punished.
  • In different circumstances, I might have agreed.
  • To look at him, you would think him a young man.

22
  • That she should forget me so quickly was rather a
    shock.
  • There is not the remotest possibility of anyones
    calling upon me, and that I should call upon
    anyone else is thing undreamt of.
  • Oh that I could see him again.
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