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Peter Paul Rubens

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Peter Paul Rubens By Jordan LaPorta Overview Lived June 28, 1577-May 30 1640 (Baroque Period) Flemish painter and diplomat Staunch Roman Catholic (Counter-Reformation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Peter Paul Rubens


1
Peter Paul Rubens
  • By Jordan LaPorta

2
Overview
  • Lived June 28, 1577-May 30 1640 (Baroque Period)
  • Flemish painter and diplomat
  • Staunch Roman Catholic (Counter-Reformation Era)
  • Elaborate paintings with religious, mythological,
    historical, and sensuous themes
  • Also a portrait painter

3
Early Life
  • Born in Siegen, Germany to Calvinist Father
  • After his father was imprisoned for having an
    affair with the second wife of William of Orange,
    He and his mother fled to Antwerp
  • Raised a Roman Catholic
  • Humanist education
  • Greek and Latin classic literature
  • Studied Antwerps best artists
  • Tobias Varhoeght, Adam Van Noort, Otto Van Veen
  • Traveled to Italy (Venice) in 1600 to study the
    works of Verose, Titian, Tintoretto, Raphael, and
    Michelangelo
  • Absorbed Italian Humanism and Classicism and
    returned to Antwerp to transform Northern
    European art

4
Biography
  • Called back to Rome and commissioned to paint
    altarpieces for recently Christened Catholic
    Churches
  • Church of Santa Croce, Santa Maria in Vallicella
    (Madonna adored by the angels)
  • Married Isabella Brant in 1609
  • Rubens and Isabella Brant in the Honeysuckle
    Bower
  • Court painter in the Spanish Netherlands
    (Belgium)
  • Altarpieces for local Churches
  • Marie de Medici Cycle
  • 1621-1630
  • The Assumption of the Virgin Mary
  • 1625-1626
  • One of his most prominent works

5
Biography
  • Had many assistant but his most prominent protégé
    was Anthony Van Dyck
  • Allegory of Peace and War
  • 1629
  • For Charles I of England
  • Charles Knighted Rubens
  • History of Constantine the Great
  • Rubenss sketches inspired the tapestries
  • Life of Constantine
  • Triumph of the Eucharist
  • Ca. 1626-1633
  • Last work 39 ceiling frescoes for a Jesuit
    Church in Antwerp
  • Completed shortly before death, burned down in
    1718

6
Style
  • As a devout Roman Catholic he did many Bible
    scenes
  • Mythological works inspired by his secular
    education
  • Used shadow, contrasting, and vivid colors
  • Figures portrayed have a fleshy and built
    appearance
  • Terms Rubenesque figures
  • Style influenced most other artists throughout
    the Baroque period

7
Assumption of the Virgin
  • 1626
  • High altarpiece for Cathedral in Antwerp
  • Choir of Angels carries Mary into Heaven
  • The 12 Apostles mourn her death
  • Two women are believed to be Mary Magdalene and
    Marys two sisters

8
Marie de Medici Cycle
  • Series of 21 paintings commissioned by Marie de
    Medici (wife of Henry IV of France) for the
    Luxembourg Palace
  • Depict Maries own life struggles and triumphs
  • Often include mythological figures

9
The Judgment of Paris
  • Based off the story from Greek mythology that led
    up to the Trojan War and in later versions, the
    foundation of Rome
  • Ca. 1636

10
Elevation of the Cross Descent From The Cross
  • Both Triptychs housed in the Cathedral at Antwerp
  • Elevation of the Cross is a much brighter
    painting, while the descent is covered in shadow
    with the exception of the area surrounding Christ
  • Completed by Rubens shortly after his return from
    Rome and showed many Italian influences

11
The Hippopotamus Hunt
  • Typical Rubens painting full of energy and lust
    also includes many colors and contrast
  • Ca. 1616

12
The Massacre of the Innocents
  • The painting is based off of the story from the
    Gospel of Matthew
  • Originally part of the Vienna Art Collection upon
    Completion in 1612
  • Obvious evidence of chiaroscuro

13
The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus
  • Tells the story of how two brothers, Castor and
    Pollux, kidnap and forcibly marry the two
    daughters of King Leucippus
  • The story recounted by Theocritus and Ovid
  • Ca. 1615-1618

14
Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Lerma
  • Painted during Rubenss first trip to Spain in
    1603
  • Chiaroscuro technique evident in contrast of
    light and dark
  • Depicts Don Francisco Gomez de Sandoval y Rojas,
    the favorite of King Phillip III

15
St. George and the Dragon
  • Classic story of St. George slaying the Dragon
  • Unique depiction in the way that the dragon is at
    the very bottom of the image
  • Action in progress
  • Chiaroscuro
  • Maiden in the background watching in admiration
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