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Improving Police - Community Relations through Community Policing

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Improving Police - Community Relations through Community Policing National Crime Prevention Council 2006 Objectives Define community policing and its principles ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Improving Police - Community Relations through Community Policing


1
Improving Police - Community Relations through
Community Policing
  • National Crime Prevention Council
  • 2006

2
Objectives
  • Define community policing and its principles
  • Describe the benefits and the importance of
    citizen involvement
  • Identify strategies for effective communication
  • Identify the six factors for improving police
    community relations
  • Describe the benefits of Neighborhood Watch

3
Crime Prevention as a Bridge
  • Crime Prevention efforts reduce polarization that
    sometimes exists between police and citizens.
  • Community Policing, Neighborhood Watch, Orange
    Hat Patrols, Weed Seed, and McGruff programs
    build a bridge that enables residents and law
    enforcement to communicate, collaborate, and work
    together to build safer, more caring communities.

4
Community Policing
  • A policing philosophy that promotes and supports
    organizational strategies to address the causes
    of crime, to reduce the fear of crime and social
    disorder through problem-solving tactics and
    community-police partnerships.
  • - Community Oriented Policing
  • Services Office

5
The 8 Ps of Community Policing
A PHILOSOPHY of full service, PERSONALIZED POLICIN
G, where the same officer PATROLS and works in
the same area on a PERMANENT basis, from a
decentralized PLACE, working in PARTNERSHIP with
citizens to identify and solve PROBLEMS.
6
Community Policing
  • The philosophy rests on the belief that
    law-abiding citizens in the community have the
    responsibility to participate in the police
    process. It also rests on the belief that
    solutions to todays contemporary community
    problems demand freeing both community residents
    and law enforcement to explore creative ways to
    address neighborhood concerns beyond a narrow
    focus on individual crimes.

7
Sir Robert PeelConsidered a father of law
enforcement
  • Are his principles of policing still applicable
    today?
  • Absolutely!

8
Sir Robert Peels Nine Principles of Policing
  • 1. The basic mission for which the police exist
    is to prevent crime and disorder.
  • 2. The ability of the police to perform their
    duties is dependent upon public approval of
    police actions.
  • 3. Police must secure the willing cooperation of
    the public in voluntary observance of the law to
    be able to secure and maintain the respect of the
    public.

9
Sir Robert Peels Nine Principles of Policing
(cont.)
  • 4. The degree of cooperation of the public that
    can be secured diminishes proportionally to the
    necessity of the use of force.
  • 5. Police seek and preserve public favor not by
    catering to public opinion but by constantly
    demonstrating absolute impartial service to the
    law.
  • 6. Police use physical force to the extent
    necessary to secure observance of the law or to
    restore order only when the expertise of
    persuasion, advice, and warning is found to be
    insufficient.

10
Sir Robert Peels Nine Principles of Policing
(cont.)
  • 7. Police at all time should maintain a
    relationship with the public that gives reality
    to the historic tradition the police are public
    and the public are the police. The police being
    only full-time individuals charged with the
    duties that are incumbent on all of the citizens.
  • 8. Police should always direct their actions
    strictly towards their functions and never appear
    to usurp the powers of the judiciary.
  • 9. The test of police efficiency is the absence
    of crime and disorder, not the visible evidence
    of police action in dealing with it.

11
Normative Sponsorship Theory
  • The more the various groups share common values,
    beliefs, and goals, the more likely it is that
    they will agree on common goals.
  • Most people are of good will.
  • They will cooperate with others to facilitate
  • the building of consensus.

12
Critical Social Theory
  • Enlightenment-Give information
  • Empowerment-Take action to improve conditions
  • Emancipation-People can achieve through social
    action

13
Community relationships provide
  • Worth in social value
  • A more informed citizenry
  • Example to young people and others
  • Added value
  • Opportunity to learn about law enforcement while
    working with law enforcement
  • Learning about citizens concerns

14
How Do People View the Police?
15
Agencies Opening Their Doors to Citizens through
Citizen Police Academies
  • Why can it be important?
  • Who can it benefit?

16
Philosophy of the Citizen Police Academy
  • Agency size and demographics can sometimes create
    barriers between the police and those they serve.
  • Community policing is paramount to the
    effectiveness of crime reduction.
  • Police Image There are many misconceptions to
    dispel.

17
Philosophy of the Citizen Police Academy (cont.)
Who Will Benefit from It? EVERYONE!
  • Community
  • Police
  • Business
  • Schools
  • Government
  • Youth

18
Philosophy of the Citizen Police Academy (cont.)
What They Accomplish
  • Improved Cooperation
  • Less Apathy
  • Reduction in Crime
  • Reduction in Fear of Crime
  • Better Communications
  • Improved Police Image
  • Clear Understanding

19
Introduction to Volunteers in Police Service
  • Foundations of the VIPS Program
  • 2002 Presidential initiative
  • Department of Justice and IACP responsibilities
  • Concept
  • Volunteers from the community
  • Expanding law enforcement to the community

20
Volunteers in Police Service (cont.)
  • Why they are needed
  • Ease demands on law enforcement
  • Encourage a more informed citizenry
  • Provide an example to young people
  • Improve cooperation and understanding between the
    police and their community

21
Considerationsof Community Interaction
  • How community volunteers can be used within their
    community
  • Legal issues
  • Safety issues
  • Expertise issues

22
Community/Police Needs and Support
  • Filling needs with volunteers
  • Coordinating position
  • Prerecruitment action required
  • Role of the International Association of Chiefs
    of Police
  • Match volunteers to the organizations strategic
    plan
  • Possible volunteer positions (adapt to local
    needs)

23
Recruiting and Marketing
  • Recruitment strategy
  • Who is your target?
  • Develop a plan
  • Recognize important existing networks and tap in
  • Churches, PTAs, community councils, Kiwanis,
    Rotarians, etc.
  • Elementary and secondary schools
  • Youth, courts, citizen police academies

24
Recruiting and Marketing (cont.)
  • Develop organizational marketing materials
  • Websites
  • Brochures
  • Fliers/handouts/fact sheets
  • Store window posters
  • Ads in local papers
  • Cable channel access

25
Recruiting and Marketing (cont.)
  • Media assistance
  • Public service announcements
  • News releases
  • Prerecruitment strategy
  • Secure top management buy-in
  • Develop organization marketing materials

26
What does a citizen need to know before
volunteering?
  • Position description
  • Time commitment
  • Defined program activities
  • Direct supervisor
  • Website access for personal record of
    service/journal
  • How long should volunteers serve?
  • Age criteria
  • Citizen police academy attendance prior to
    service

27
Police Agency Management and Administrative Issues
  • Agency mission, objectives, and goals
  • Define the agencys mission, objectives, and
    goals
  • Volunteer concept and political consideration
  • Volunteer objectives and goals within agency
    mission
  • Clear and specific department guidelines for
    volunteers

28
VIPS Management and Administrative Issues
  • Develop a prerecruitment strategy according to
    the VIPS goal to help resource-constrained
    agencies
  • Internal management responsibilities
  • External management responsibilities
  • Who can manage the program
  • Training issues
  • Liability issues
  • Funding issues

29
  • Strategies for Effective Communication

30
Trust Building Model
GREATER SUCCESS !

GREATER FLEXIBILITY AND RANGE OF SOLUTIONS
RELATIONSHIP AND PARTNERSHIP BUILDING
EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION
TRUST
31
The Communication Process
  • Message cues
  • Listener supplies meaning
  • Content
  • Relate to your audience/build rapport

32
The Communication Process (cont.)
  • One-way or two-way communication
  • Verbal/nonverbal cues
  • Physical appearance
  • Solicit student engagement and participation by
    using open-ended questions and feedback.

33
Nonverbal Communication Considerations
  • Facial expression
  • Tone of voice
  • Eye contact
  • Touch
  • Personal space
  • Territoriality
  • Time

34
Building Trust Through Effective Communication
  • Effective Listening
  • Listen to learn and understand, not to challenge
    or persuade.
  • Take turns and listen for FACTS and FEELINGS.
    (Both are important.)

35
  • Six Factors Necessary To Improve
    Police-Community Relations

36
The Six Factors
  1. Membership
  2. Environment
  3. Process/Structure
  4. Communications
  5. Purpose
  6. Resources

37
Membership
  1. Appropriate cross-section of members
  2. Mutual respect, understanding, and trust
  3. Members see that collaboration is in their best
    interest.
  4. Members develop an ability to compromise.

38
Environment
  • Political and social climate are favorable.
  • Collaborative group is viewed as a leader in the
    community.
  • There is a history or evidence of collaboration
    or cooperation in the community.

39
Process/Structure
  1. Members are invested in the process as well as
    the outcome.
  2. Clear roles and responsibilities
  3. Flexibility
  4. Adaptability
  5. Equal decision-making authority is held by each
    member regardless of rank, authority, or place in
    the hierarchy.

40
Communication
  1. Members learn to listen and allow venting.
  2. There is open and frequent communication.
  3. Members disclose self-interest at first meeting.
  4. Members establish informal and formal means of
    communication.

41
Purpose
  • Concrete, attainable goals and objectives
  • Shared vision
  • Desired results and strategies

42
Resources
  • A skilled and unbiased convener
  • Staff time and volunteer time
  • Sufficient funds

43
CRIME IN YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD
  • A lack of community involvement may lead to some
    of the most serious and perplexing problems your
    community faces.

44
Why is Community Involvement Important?
  • When members of a community are involved
  • with each other, they know
  • Their neighbors
  • The daily goings-on in the neighborhood
  • When something is wrong

45
One great way to perpetuate community involvement
is through the Neighborhood Watch program
46
What is the Neighborhood Watch program?
  • Neighborhood Watch was established in 1970 to
    bring residents together to interact and become
    the guardians for the police in their community.

47
Neighborhood Watch
  • Crime prevention group organized around a block,
    defined neighborhood, or business district
  • Serves as eyes and ears for law enforcement
  • Helps establish/reclaim informal control of an
    area by observation, visibility, and increased
    social interaction
  • Donates time and resources
  • Usually has no formal budget or funding source
  • Success results in reduction in crime and
    improved quality of life for neighborhood
    residents

48
The Benefits of Neighborhood Watch
  • Studies show Neighborhood Watch is effective
    because it
  • Brings neighbors together around a common cause
    safety and security
  • Provides basic skills to all members on
    preventing crime and reporting suspicious
    activity or crimes
  • Builds a base for action to correct neighborhood
    problems
  • Works well with other civic associations

49
Additional Citizen Actions
  • Discuss your communitys overall security,
    including lighting, and contact neighbors or the
    proper authorities to request necessary
    improvements.
  • Contact your local law enforcement agency and
    work with it to discuss basic community
    modifications that may overcome current problems.

50
Are state crime prevention associations and
Neighborhood Watch programs involved in community
policing and homeland security?
Absolutely!
As citizens, we all share the responsibility for
reporting and preventing terrorism in our
communities. We can be alert and aware of those
activities in our neighborhood that may have
links to terrorist and criminal behavior.
51
How can citizens be more aware?
  • Be informed Read the newspaper, listen to or
    watch local and national news reports, and attend
    community meetings.
  • Be alert Be familiar with your environment at
    home, school, work, church, and social events.
  • Be prepared Have a prepared family plan for
    emergencies. Create a family first aid kit,
    attend crime prevention classes, and get involved
    with your local law enforcement and crime
    prevention associations.

52
In Conclusion
  • Community policing is the responsibility of both
    law enforcement AND community members. BOTH have
    important roles in community policing.
  • There are many ways to involve the community in
    crime-reduction and problem solving, including
    community meetings and citizen police academies.
  • Police and local citizens are ALL members of the
    community.

53
Questions and Answers
54
Special Thanks to
  • Tri-State RCPI
  • for providing their materials for this
    presentation

55
Resources
  • Community Policing Consortium
  • www.communitypolicing.org
  • Volunteers in Police Service
  • www.policevolunteers.org
  • Citizen Corps
  • www.citizencorps.gov

56
The National Crime Prevention Council
  • 1000 Connecticut Avenue, NW
  • Thirteenth Floor
  • Washington, DC 20036
  • 202-466-6272
  • 202-296-1356 fax
  • www.ncpc.org

57
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