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Traffic Control Training

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Hand Signals Art of the hand signal Make eye contact with the driver Give only one direction at a time. Exercise Tips Use the whistle it works! Always look ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Traffic Control Training


1
Traffic Control Training
  • Instructor Sgt. Don Silverek
  • Sonoma County Junior College District
  • Police Department
  • 2009

2
(No Transcript)
3
Class Learning Goals
  • Safety First, Second and Always
  • Perspectives
  • Hands, Tools and Gear
  • Safety Vehicle Placement
  • Conduct Field Exercise

4
Perspectives
  • Its more important for police to answer
    emergency calls than direct traffic.
  • Carol Hunt Charlottesville CERT Team

5
Perspectives
  • There is nothing that shows the skill, finesse,
    and understanding of human nature like standing
    in the middle of the road conducting lanes of
    traffic like a symphony orchestra.
  • Dr. Joel F. Shults, Chief,
  • Adams State College
  • Police Department

6
Traffic and Management Control
7
  • A CERT member may be called upon to control or
    manage traffic when no other public safety agency
    is available
  • Staying alert to your surroundings is the key to
    staying alive

8
Hands, Tools and Gear
  • In a traffic control situation, you may use
  • hand signals,
  • whistles,
  • voice commands,
  • flashlights, flares,
  • cones, barricades or signs,
  • or even a vehicle as safety buffer.

9
Hand Signals
  • Art of the hand signal
  • Make eye contact with the driver
  • Give only one direction at a time.

10
(No Transcript)
11
Hand Signals
Signal General Considerations
STOP Point - arm and fingers extended - look straight at driver Hold until driver sees signal Raise pointing hand so palm is toward driver Hold this position until driver stops Stopping traffic from two directions Stop traffic coming from one direction first Hold hand in stop position, turn to the other side - repeat Dont lower either arm until cars are halted
12
Hand Signals
START Place yourself so one side is towards traffic to be started Point with arm and finger toward first car to be started Hold position until you get drivers attention With palm up, swing hand up and over chin, bending arm at elbow. After traffic has started from one side, drop that arm and start traffic from other side in the same manner
KEEP MOVING Continue to use the same signals for the slow and timid
13
RIGHT TURN If car approaches from right, point toward driver with right arm If car approaches from left, point with left arm Give driver time to see your gesture, then swing arm to point in direction the vehicle is to proceed Keep pointing in that direction until driver turns
14
SIGNAL GENERAL GUIDELINES
LEFT TURN Halt traffic in the lanes through which car is to cross If car approaches from the left Give stop signal with right arm to stop traffic in lane through which car is to cross Hold stop signal with right arm and give turning gesture with left arm. If car approaches from the right Turn around to face in direction the car is to go Halt traffic with right arm and give turning gesture with left arm
15
SIGNAL GENERAL GUIDELINES
LEFT TURN Single Lanes On a street with only one lane in each direction One driver, turning left, can delay many cars behind unless the drivers movement is handled properly While driver is waiting, signal driver to move into intersection so cars behind can continue Point finger at driver, motion to move forward and point to place where driver is to stop Permit the left turn when there is a natural break in opposing traffic, or stop opposing traffic and signal for the left turn
16
Take a break
  • Next topic
  • in ten minutes

17
Same intersection different drivers!
18
The Whistle
Who keeps a whistle in their CERT gear?
Who needs a whistle for todays exercise?
19
Whistle
  • Whistle use defined
  • One long blast with stop hand signal
  • Two short blasts with the start hand signal
  • Several short blasts to get the
  • attention of a driver
  • A short, intermittent blast to
  • keep the traffic moving

20
Pick your favorite flavor!
21
Voice Commands
Effective or Antagonizing?
22
Voice Commands
  • Voice is seldom heard in traffic
  • Hand gestures and the whistle are most efficient
  • Shouted orders may antagonize a driver
  • When a driver or pedestrian does not
  • understand, you should move
  • closer to the person, and politely
  • explain the command

23
Flashlights
Flashlights come in all sizes and types
24
FlashlightsA flashlight can be used to direct
traffic in an emergency at night
25
Flashlights with colored extensions work for
evening, foggy or rainy weather
26
Flashlights
  • DIRECT TRAFFIC
  • HALT TRAFFIC
  • Dont stand directly in front of approaching
    vehicle
  • Avoid blinding the driver with flashlight beam
  • Use a traffic cone to enhance safety
  • Swing the flashlight at arms length across the
    path of the approaching vehicle
  • Allow flashlight beam to wash across the pavement
    as an elongated moving spot that can be seen by
    driver

27
Flares
Have you ever lit a road flare?
28
Flares
  • Flares can be used to warn oncoming traffic in
    situations where hazards are
  • On Shoulder Or Side Of Road
  • In A Traffic Lane
  • Night Or Day

29
Flares
Various burn times 15 min 20 min 30 min 45 min
60 min
Flare burn pattern on road way
30
Flares
  • DO NOT USE

Around flammable substance spills such as gas,
oil, etc In hazardous environmental conditions
such dry grassy fields and/or high winds Do
not lay against traffic dots or on top of painted
lane markings
31
Flares
Oops flare rolls off road to dry grass
32
Electronic Flares
33
Cones/Barricades
34
Cones/Barricades
35
TRAFFIC CONES/FLARESKEY How do devices appear
to approaching motorists ?
  • Serve as long range channeling devices
  • When clearing of roadway is not immediate
  • As soon as injuries are assessed and medical
    assistance is summoned
  • Evenly spaced distances
  • Convey message to drivers-which direction they
    are expected to go

Speed Limit First Cone/Flare
25 mph 35 mph 45 mph 55 mph 65 mph 68 Feet 112 Feet 167 Feet 227 Feet 301 Feet
36
Amber Warning Lights
Typical example of amber lights on rear deck of
car or truck
37
POSITION OF VEHICLES
  • In this position the safety vehicle serves as a
    shield to protect against drivers who are not
    alert
  • Impact noise with safety vehicle would warn of
    impending danger

38
CHANNEL TRAFFIC OR BLOCK ENTIRE ROADWAY
39
Safety Vests
Effective Nov 24, 2008 Federal Highway
Administration 23 CRR Part 634 Worker Visibility
Rule Class 2 Vest Med visibility on roads
with 25 to 50 mph traffic Class 3 Vest High
visibility on roads with speeds over 50 mph plus
drivers must be able to see full range of body
motions from a minimum distance of 1,280 feet.
40
Class Exercise
  • Part One (in classroom)
  • Each person will demonstrate the hand signals
    for
  • Stop
  • Forward
  • Right Turn
  • Left Turn
  • Part Two (in parking lot)
  • Each Person will demonstrate using hand signals /
    whistles
  • Stop, Forward, Right Turn Left Turns
  • Right Turn across a traffic lane
  • Left Turn across a traffic lane
  • Placing a car in a hold position to not block
    single lane

41
Exercise Tips
  • Use the whistle it works!
  • Always look around for approaching traffic
  • Move the biggest group of cars first
  • Stop all cars prior to switching

42
Traffic Control Training
  • Instructor Sgt. Don Silverek
  • 707-535-3789
  • Course Design Sgt. David Willat
  • Thank you for attention and participation
  • Sonoma County Junior College District
  • Police Department
  • 2009
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