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MENTAL HEALTH FIRST AID

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Title: MENTAL HEALTH FIRST AID


1
MENTAL HEALTH FIRST AID
A Collaborative Partnership of National Council
for Community Behavioral Healthcare, Maryland
State Department of Mental Hygiene and Missouri
Department of Mental Health
2
Mental Health First Aid
  • The help provided to a person developing a mental
    health problem or experiencing a crisis until
    professional treatment is
    received or the crisis resolves.

3
Why Mental Health First Aid?
  • Mental health problems are common.
  • Mental health problems can be successfully
    treated and people can get better.
  • There is stigma associated with mental health
    problems.
  • Many people are not well informed about mental
    health problems.
  • Professional help is not always on hand.
  • People often do not know how to respond.

4
History of Mental Health First Aid
In 2001, Betty Kitchener and Tony Jorm developed
the Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) Program at the
Center for Mental Health Research at the
Australian National University. The National
Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare has
adapted the program for use in America and is in
charge of expanding MHFA across the United
States. All instructors are certified by the
National Council after completing a week-long
instructor course.
  • In 2001, Betty Kitchener and Tony Jorm developed
    the Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) Program at the
    Center for Mental Health Research at the
    Australian National University.
  • The National Council for Community Behavioral
    Healthcare has adapted the program for use in
    America and is in charge of expanding MHFA across
    the United States. All instructors are certified
    by the National Council after completing a
    week-long instructor course.

5
Mental Health First Aid
  • Expanded to more than 14 countries
  • Cambodia, Canada, England, Finland, Hong Kong,
    Japan, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Scotland,
    Singapore, South Africa, Thailand, and Wales
  • Piloted in the U.S. in 2008
  • Iowa was one of the initial sites chosen for
    implementation and currently has 120 certified
    instructors of the 12 hour MHFA course.

6
Evidenced Effectiveness
  • Four published randomized control trials and a
    qualitative study (in Australia)
  • Increases mental health literacy and
    understanding of treatment
  • Expands individuals knowledge of how to help
    someone in crisis
  • Connects individuals to needed services
  • Reduces stigma

7
Vision for MHFA in U.S.
  • Mental Health First Aid will be as commonplace in
    15 years as CPR and First-Aid are today.

8
MHFA by the Numbers(2008-Mid 2009)
  • 330 instructors certified
  • 36 state presence
  • 180 community trainings to date
  • 3000 people trained
  • 1,000,000 media impressions

9
Activity!
10
MENTAL ILLNESS IS DISABLING
The burden of mental illness is often
underestimated.
Mental illness can be more disabling for the
person than many chronic physical illnesses.
Research by WHO compared the amount of
disability caused by a mental health problem
to the amount of disability caused by a
physical health problem.
The disability impact from moderate depression is
similar to the disability from relapsing MS,
severe asthma, chronic Hepatitis B or deafness.
11
PERCENTAGE OF AMERICAN ADULTS WITH A MENTAL
DISORDER IN ONE YEAR
COMMON MENTAL DISORDERS
Any Anxiety Disorder 18.1
Any Substance Use Disorder 9.1
Any Depressive Disorder 6.7
SCHIZOPHRENIA 1.1
Source The Numbers Count Mental Disorders in
America (2006 Revised), NIMH
12
Impact on society.
  • Mental illness accounts for 15 of the total
    economic burden of all disease in the U.S.
    Untreated mental disorders cost 79 billion in
    lost productivity every year.

13
Activity!
14
People are Saying . . .
  • Just weeks after attending the training, Ive
    already used the skills I learned in Mental
    Health First Aid
  • Hospital employee
  • I think any professionals who deal with people
    should take this course, especially emergency
    personnel, teachers, . . . Employment
    Services Professional
  • I now feel better prepared for what might
    happen.
  • Homeless Shelter volunteer
  • This info can help a person to become more
    understanding, rather than judgmental, of someone
    with a mental illness
  • Community Member

15
Trainings Offered In Iowa
  • Trainings are currently tracked by the National
    Council through a web-based system.
  • For SFY 11-July 2010 through June 2011 1,230
    individuals participated in 77 trainings across
    the state.
  • These numbers are expected to increase in SFY 12
    as new instructors in previously underserved
    areas begin offering training.

16
Key Audiences
  • Hospitals and Health Centers
  • Employers
  • Faith communities
  • Schools
  • Law Enforcement / Justice
  • Nursing home staff
  • Families and caring citizens
  • Key Professions
  • Mental Health Authorities
  • Policymakers

17
The Training
  • 12-hour training teaches 5-step action plan to
    better support family members, friends and others
    in four sections. The topics covered include
  • Depression
  • Suicide
  • Anxiety
  • Psychosis
  • Substance Abuse and Addiction
  • Eating disorders
  • Self Injury

18
You will learn.
  • The course provides basic mental health
    information that has not always been readily
    available to the public, helping reduce the fear
    and uncertainty that members of the public may
    feel when dealing with a possible mental health
    crisis.
  • The course provides participants with information
    about symptoms of developing mental disorders,
    and specific actions that a person can take if
    faced with mental health related crisis
    situations.

19
You will learn.
  • The prevalence of mental illness in the U.S and
    their emotional and economic cost.
  • Potential warning signs and risk factors of many
    common behavioral health disorders.
  • A 5-step action plan to help an individual in
    crisis connect to professional care.
  • Resources available to help someone with a
    problem.

20
You will learn.
  • The MHFA Action Plan-
  • Assess for risk of harm or self/harm
  • Listen non-judgmentally
  • Give encouragement
  • Encourage self-help strategies
  • Encourage professional help

21
Assess
22
Listen non-judgmentally
23
Give encouragement
24
Encourage Help
25
Activity!
26
What you can do.
  • Mental Health First Aid, with its new focus on
    recovery, has the power to transform communities,
    the power to change beliefs and the ability to
    connect people in ways they never would have
    connected otherwise.
  • - Larry Fricks
  • National Consumer Leader

27
 12 hour Courses offeredMay 10th and
11th YSS AmesJune 7th and 8th YSS Ames
September 18th and 19th YSS AmesMore
dates/locations TBA
National Alliance on Mental Illness
28
Additional Information
  • www.MentalHealthFirstAid.org
  • www.YSS.org
  • Jason Haglund, Director of Treatment
    jhaglund_at_yss.ames.ia.usAndrea Dickerson,
    Residential Program Coordinatoradickerson_at_yss.ame
    s.ia.usLaura Bell, Prevention Specialistlbell_at_ys
    s.ames.ia.us
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