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Renaissance Art

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Renaissance Art & Architecture The Rebirth of Classical Ideas English Renaissance: Elizabethan Era G. Chaucer Canterbury Tales: Vernacular Sir Th. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Renaissance Art


1
Renaissance Art Architecture
  • The Rebirth of Classical Ideas

2
Background Phases
  • 1050 1350
  • Population growth
  • Economic development
  • City states
  • 1200 late 1500s
  • Artistic achievement

Bellini Sacra Conversazione
3
Intellectual Development
  • Humanism Glorify Human Form Potential
  • Revival of classical antiquity
  • Individualism
  • Secular focus

Titian Assumption of the Virgin
4
Renaissance Italy
  • City-States
  • Power People
  • Medici (F)
  • Este (Ferrara)
  • Sforza (M)
  • Doge (V)
  • Pope (PS)

5
Florence
  • Commerce / Trade
  • Banking Medici
  • Textile
  • Patronage

6
Renaissance Art Techniques
  • Religious gtgt Secular subjects
  • Realistic
  • Perspective
  • Movement
  • Symmetry
  • Proportion

Ghirlandiao Adoration of the Shepherds
7
Medieval v. Renaissance
  • Medieval
  • Flat
  • Religious
  • Static
  • Renaissance
  • 3-D
  • Secular / Human focus
  • Movement

Ghirlandaio Angel Appearing to Zacharias
8
Giotto de Bondone The Mourning of Christ
  • Florentine School Fresco Individuals

9
Massaccio Tribute Money
  • Florentine School Perspective Realism

10
Sandro Botticelli Madonna of the Magnificat
  • Expression Botticelli Face Emotional
  • Double focal points Crown Book

11
Major Artists Ninja Turtles!
  • Raphael Michelangelo Donatello Leonardo

12
Raphael Pope Leo X with Two Cardinals 1518
  • Vatican Murals Commissioned by Pope Julius II
  • Leo X Julius II successor
  • Focal Point Face

13
Raphael The School of Athens
  • In the Vatican Stanza della Signatura
  • Blending of Greek Renaissance
  • Symmetry
  • Perspective
  • Depth
  • Light

14
Leonardo da Vinci
  • Renaissance Man
  • Multi-talented
  • Anatomy, mechanics, art, astronomy, weaponry
  • China?

15
Leonardo The Last Supper
  • Fresco Symmetry Individual Expression

16
Leonardo Mona Lisa
  • Symmetry
  • Sfumato
  • Blur
  • Blend
  • Mystery
  • The Grin

17
Leonardos Notebooks
  • Vetruvian Man
  • Anatomy advances painting sculpture

18
Michelangelo Sistine Chapel
  • M sculptor, painter, architect
  • Commissioned by Pope Julius II 1508
  • Scaffold, personally completed
  • Old New Testament reflects the Renaissance Era

19
Renaissance Sculpture
  • Classical Realism
  • Free standing
  • Marble Bronze
  • Full body, busts reliefs

20
Humanism Individuality
  • Individuality portrayed in details

21
Ghibertis Doors - Florence
  • 1423, Florentine, he was only 23!
  • Bronze cast gilding
  • 20 yrs N doors
  • 25 yrs E doors
  • Creation
  • Realism

22
Donatellos David
  • Free standing nude
  • Proportion of human form
  • 5 tall, After beating Goliath

23
Michelangelos David
  • Marble
  • 16 tall
  • Details
  • As David decides to battle Goliath
  • Classical style, details

24
Renaissance Architecture
  • Columns
  • Arch
  • Dome
  • Harmony via proportion
  • The Circle is key
  • Math!

25
Church Architecture
  • RCC builds to draw people
  • Tells the Biblical narrative
  • Visual Symbolic

26
Church Architecture Florence
  • Santa Maria del Fiore begun 1294 by Arnolfo di
    Cambio, died 1302
  • Began cupola (cup shaped dome)

27
Church Architecture Florence
  • Filippo Brunelleschi, 1418 figured out how to
    complete ever decreasing circles with ribs to
    bear weight
  • Scaffolding upwards

28
Church Architecture St. Peters
  • Michelangelo hired by Pope Paul III in 1546
    worked until death in 1564
  • Inside St. Peters
  • High Altar
  • Nave Ceiling
  • Roman arches
  • Under Dome
  • Single dome with arch support

29
Church Architecture Bramantes Tempietto
  • Renaissance Greatest Architect
  • Commissioned by KQ of Spain Ferdinand
    Isabella
  • St. Peters death site
  • Doric columns Roman dome, 15 diameter

30
Renaissance Writers
  • Voice of Humanism
  • Dante Alighieri Petrarch Boccaccio -
    Castiglione

31
Renaissance Writers
  • Dante 1265-1321
  • Divine Comedy Allegory
  • Vernacular
  • Petrarch 1304-1374
  • Sonnets in Italian
  • Boccaccio 1313-1375
  • Decameron Plague
  • Castiglione 1478-1529
  • The Courtier model

32
Northern Renaissance
  • Began in Flanders gtgt Holland
  • Erasmus 1466-1536 reconcile Christian character
    w/ Humanism Colloquies, Adages, new Bible
  • A. Durer Hans Holbein (Young) van Eyck

33
Northern Renaissance
  • Durer (G) 1471-1528
  • Woodcuts
  • Mass Marketing
  • Holbein the Younger (G) 1497-1543
  • Portraits, Henry VIII
  • Expressions
  • Van Eyck (Flem) 1390-1441
  • Oil Paint developer
  • Realism possible

34
English Renaissance Elizabethan Era
  • G. Chaucer
  • Canterbury Tales Vernacular
  • Sir Th. More
  • Utopia Ideal place of virtue
  • Spenser
  • Faerie Queen Ode
  • Marlowe plays
  • Shakespeare
  • Comedy, tragedy, morality

35
Renaissance Impact
  • Genius of humanity all at once why?
  • Changed art architecture forever
  • Individualism drives future thought
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