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Arab/ Israeli Conflict

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Arab/ Israeli Conflict SS7H2 The student will analyze continuity and change in Southwest Asia (Middle East) leading to the 21st century. a. Explain how European ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Arab/ Israeli Conflict


1
Arab/ Israeli Conflict
  • SS7H2 The student will analyze continuity and
    change in Southwest Asia (Middle East) leading to
    the 21st century.
  • a. Explain how European partitioning in Southwest
    Asia (Middle East) after the breakup of the
    Ottoman Empire led to regional conflict.
  • b. Explain the historical reasons for the
    establishment of the modern State of Israel in
    1948 include the Jewish religious connection to
    the land, the Holocaust, anti-Semitism, and
    Zionism in Europe.
  • c. Describe how land and religion are reasons for
    continuing conflicts in Southwest Asia (Middle
    East

2
  • 1914-1918 The Ottomans - sided with Germany
    during the first world war. Britain supported an
    Arab revolt against the Ottomans, promising self
    rule. The British also promised the Jews a
    homeland in Palestine the then foreign
    secretary, Lord Balfour, issuing a declaration in
    1917.

3
  • 1918 After the war, the League of Nations granted
    France and Britain control (mandates) over the
    former Ottoman territories. France was given
    Syria, while Britain got a mandate over what
    became Israel, the West Bank, Gaza and Jordan.

4
  • 1930 Jewish immigration to Palestine increased
    just before the second world war due to
    persecution by the Nazis. The local Arabs wanted
    to limit the numbers arriving. There were clashes
    between the Jewish immigrants and Palestinians
    supported by neighboring Arab states.
  • Pictured, Jewish survivors of the Buchenwald Nazi
    concentration camp, some still in their camp
    clothing.

5
  • 1947-49 Britain gave up its mandate and the
    United Nations took over supervision. The UN
    suggested two states one Arab, one Jewish. The
    Jews accepted the Arabs rejected the plan. David
    Ben-Gurion declared the foundation of the state
    of Israel on 15 May 1948. The next day Egypt,
    Syria, Lebanon and Jordan invaded Israel but were
    beaten back.

6
Using the Israeli Declaration of Independence
answer the questions below
  • 1- When was this document written?
  • 2- Who was it written for?
  • 3- Where do the Jews believe they come from?
  • 4- Why did the Jews feel like they needed a
    homeland?
  • 5- Who was the state of Israel open to?

7
  • 1964 The Palestinian Liberation Organization was
    founded. Under leadership of Yasser Arafat it
    would claim to be the sole representative of the
    Palestinian people. The PLO vowed to reclaim
    their land and destroy the state of Israel.

8
  • On 5 June 1967, Israel launched a 'pre-emptive
    strike' against the Arab troops along its
    borders. In the six-day war, Israel seized the
    Sinai from Egypt, the Golan Heights from Syria,
    the West Bank and the Old City of Jerusalem from
    Jordan.

9
  • Pictured, Syrian soldiers raise their hands in
    surrender on the Golan Heights, five days into
    the Yom Kippur War
  • 1973 On October 6, Syria and Egypt launched a
    surprise attack on Israeli-held lands to coincide
    with the Jewish holy day of Yom Kippur.

10
  • 1979 The US President Jimmy Carter brought the
    leaders of Egypt and Israel together at the Camp
    David Accords. The Sinai Peninsula was to
    returned to Egypt.
  • The surrounding Arab countries were not happy and
    later Anwar Sadat is assassinated.

11
  • 1993 The Oslo accords were agreed, which provided
    for mutual recognition between the PLO and the
    state of Israel, and limited Palestinian self
    rule in the West Bank and Gaza. Jordan also
    signed a peace deal with Israel.
  • Pictured, President Bill Clinton presides over
    ceremonies marking the signing of the accord with
    Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin, left,
    Arafat, right
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