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Coaching Youth Basketball


Coaching Youth Basketball SYA Basketball Coaches Training Class Winter 2005-2006 D. Vennergrund, R. Korman, F. Krebs Goal of this Class Develop Confident, Competent ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Coaching Youth Basketball

Coaching Youth Basketball
  • SYA Basketball
  • Coaches Training Class
  • Winter 2005-2006
  • D. Vennergrund, R. Korman, F. Krebs

Goal of this Class
  • Develop Confident, Competent Basketball Coaches
  • To accomplish this goal, we will provide
  • Information
  • Resources
  • Contacts

Why Now?
  • SYA Basketball relies on volunteer coaches,
    overwhelmingly parents
  • Some are drafted!
  • Over time our experienced coaches retire
  • Our new coaches need a strong foundation on which
    to build
  • Our experienced coaches can benefit from a

  • Part 1 Coaching Fundamentals
  • Part 2 Communication
  • Part 3 Safety
  • Part 4 Volunteer Building Director
  • Part 5 Resources

Part 1 Coaching Fundamentals
  • What is a Coach?

Exercise 1 Your Memories
  • As a child, who was your most favorite coach?
  • List three attributes that best describe your

Exercise 1 Your Memories
  • As a child who was your least favorite coach?
  • List three attributes that best describe your

What is a coach?
  • A teacher
  • A leader
  • A friend
  • A role model
  • A guide
  • A parent
  • A sibling

Coaches Primary Responsibilities
  • Provide a safe physical and emotional learning
  • Communicate in a positive manner
  • Teach the tactics and skills of basketball
  • Teach the rules of basketball
  • Direct players in competition
  • Help players become fit and value fitness for a
  • Help young people develop character

Tools to being an Effective Coach
  • C Comprehension
  • O Outlook
  • A Affection
  • C Character
  • H Humor

  • Understand the basic elements of basketball
    rules, tactics, and skills.
  • How can you improve your comprehension?
  • Field Study
  • Research
  • Practice

Comprehension Field Study
  • Attend local youth league, high school, college,
    and pro games.
  • Attend basketball clinics
  • SYA Coaching Clinics
  • Volunteer at basketball clinics

Comprehension Field Study
  • Attend referee training clinics
  • SYA Referee Clinics
  • Work with more experienced coaches
  • Watch games on TV with a purpose

Comprehension Research
  • Books
  • Organizations (AAU, YBOA, etc.)
  • Web Sites

Tools to being an Effective Coach
  • C Comprehension
  • O Outlook
  • A Affection
  • C Character
  • H Humor

  • What is your coaching outlook?
  • What are your goals?
  • What are your priorities?

Self-Evaluation 1
  • What would make you most proud?
  • Knowing each player enjoyed playing for you.
  • Seeing that all players improved their basketball
  • Winning the league championship.

Self-Evaluation 2
  • Which statement best reflects your thoughts about
  • If it isnt fun, dont do it.
  • Everyone should learn something every day.
  • Sport isnt fun if you dont win.

Self-Evaluation 3
  • How would you like your players to remember you?
  • As a coach who was fun to play for.
  • As a coach who provided a good base for
    fundamental skills.
  • As a coach who had a winning record.

What is your Outlook ?
  • As - Having fun is most important to you.
  • Bs - Skill Development attracts you to coaching
  • Cs - Winning is your top priority
  • Is there a right answer here?

What Outlook does SYA want of its coaches?
  • Athletes First, Winning Second
  • Winning is an important part to competition --
    but second to the athletes well-being,
    development, and enjoyment.

Tools to being an Effective Coach
  • C Comprehension
  • O Outlook
  • A Affection
  • C Character
  • H Humor

Affection What is it?
  • A genuine concern for the players in your care
  • A love for kids
  • A desire to share your love and knowledge of the
  • The patience and understanding to allow every
    participant to grow in their development in

How to Demonstrate Affection (1)
  • Make an effort to get to know each player on your
  • Use their first names as soon and as often as you
  • Treat each player as an individual
  • Empathize with players trying to learn new and
    difficult skills
  • It takes 6-8 weeks to master a new skill

How to Demonstrate Affection (2)
  • Treat players as you would like to be treated
  • Always be in control of your emotions
  • Show your enthusiasm for being involved with your
  • Keep an upbeat and positive tone in all your
  • Especially e-mail !

Tools to being an Effective Coach
  • C Comprehension
  • O Outlook
  • A Affection
  • C Character
  • H Humor

Character Be a Good Role Model
  • How can you build character in your players?
  • By modeling appropriate behaviors for sport and
  • Think of kids as Xerox machines -- they will copy
    everything you say and do
  • Not just what you preach

Demonstrating Good Character
  • Challenge, support, encourage, and reward every
  • Be in control of your emotions before, during,
    and after every practice and game
  • If you make a mistake - do not be afraid to admit
    you were wrong.

Tools to being an Effective Coach
  • C Comprehension
  • O Outlook
  • A Affection
  • C Character
  • H Humor

  • Humor is a very powerful tool.
  • When people are laughing most of their defensive
    mechanisms are down -- you can pour in the
  • Use humor to respond to miscues and other
  • Dont dwell on the negative, and never ridicule a
    player or play.

How to Inject Humor into Practices
  • Make practice fun by including a variety of
  • if you find yourself bored or running a stale
    practice - call us -- we have 100s of
    activities to share.
  • Keep all players involved in games and skills
  • Limit the standing around watching time
  • Consider laughter to be a sign of enjoyment, not
    a problem -- but praise
  • Smile !

Tools to being an Effective Coach
  • C Comprehension
  • O Outlook
  • A Affection
  • C Character
  • H Humor

Part 2 Communication
  • Sending and Receiving Information

  • What is communication?
  • Sending and Receiving Information
  • Verbal Communications
  • Non-verbal Communications
  • Our actions speak louder than our words !

Sending Effective Verbal Messages
  • Be positive and honest
  • Dont nag
  • Dont use cheerful clichés that cover-up issues
  • Use Positive Words AND, Nice idea, good attempt,
    try to, do
  • Avoid Negative Words BUT, NOT, next time dont,
    you need to, you should

Sending Effective Verbal Messages
  • Start with what was good, then what needs to be
  • Players will listen to constructive criticism in
    small doses when given large amounts of worthy

Sending Effective Verbal Messages
  • State it clearly and simply
  • Organize your thoughts before you speak
  • Be accurate, brief, and helpful
  • Use language your players will understand
  • Dont go on and on

Sending Effective Verbal Messages
  • Say it loud enough, and say it again.
  • Use a loud, clear voice - players will tune out
    garbled and weak commands
  • Enthusiasm can motivate your players
  • But dont dominate the practice with a constant,
    booming voice
  • If at first they do not understand, say it again
    in a slightly different way
  • Use Verbal Short-Cuts
  • BEEF, Up and Wide, Finish, Attack, Deny

Sending Effective Verbal Messages
  • Be consistent
  • Stay on message
  • Dont contradict yourself
  • Never use sarcasm with a child
  • Way to Go after a mistake is confusing and
    corrosive to a players spirits

Sending Non-Verbal Messages
  • Be consistent in verbal and non-verbal
  • Your gestures always trump your words
  • Use appropriate facial expressions
  • Your face tells all - and the players will study
    it like a map smile
  • Use appropriate body language
  • What does head down and shoulders slumped tell
    you? Hands on your hips and jaw-clenched?

Sending Non-Verbal Messages
  • Use appropriate physical contact
  • A hand shake or high five
  • A pat on the shoulder
  • An arm around the back
  • A Hug
  • Are all appropriate and human ways of showing
    concern, approval, and joy.
  • Be pleasant, confident, and vigorous!

Receiving Information
  • To communicate effectively one must be a good
  • Pay Attention
  • focus on the verbal and non-verbal messages
  • Listen Actively
  • give full attention
  • establish eye contact
  • repeat back what youve heard, paraphrase
  • show that you care

Constructive Feedback
  • When a mistake is made, everyone knows it, ignore
    it and focus on the solution.
  • Which do you prefer to hear?
  • Dont pass the ball to the post when she is
    double teamed!
  • When the post is double teamed look to pass to
    the open wing.

Destructive Feedback
  • The following are comments heard in recent SYA
  • Thats You Tim Thats your man
  • What are you doing?
  • What were you thinking ?
  • Dont pass it to Bob, he cant catch it

But we need to coach them
  • Yes - and we will in a positive manner
  • Tim close on your man when he is one pass away
    from the ball
  • Thats You Tim Thats your man
  • Holly set up 13 and go left
  • What are you doing?
  • Good idea Caitlyn - try it again
  • What were you thinking ?
  • Nice pass John, Bob catch it ready to shoot
  • Dont pass it to Bob, he cant catch it

Communicating with Parents
  • Parents need to know that their children are in
    safe and knowledgeable hands.
  • How can you put the parents at ease?
  • Pre-Season Meeting
  • Open Lines of Communication
  • Get them involved

Pre-Season Parent Meeting
  • Describe your background and approach to coaching
  • Present your goals for the team
  • Give your preferred method of communication
  • Is it cell phone, email, or face-to-face?
  • Welcome their questions and concerns here and
    throughout the season
  • Explain your communication guidelines

Pre-Season Parent Meeting
  • Encourage them to communicate directly with you
    if concerns arise
  • Review SYA Code of Conduct
  • Review Parents Game Conduct
  • Describe inherent risks in basketball

Parents Game Conduct
  • Positive Cheering
  • Respect for the coach
  • Respect for the opponent
  • Respect for the referees
  • Respect for the game
  • Avoid common problems
  • Parents who assist the referees
  • Parents who coach from the sidelines

On-Going Communication with Parents
  • Be sure to keep the lines of communication open
    to parents throughout the season.
  • Send messages, solicit feedback
  • Be proactive

Getting Parents Involved
  • Practice Day
  • Run a skills station
  • Volunteer Building Director
  • Assistant Coach
  • Game Day
  • Scoreboard or Book
  • Statistics
  • Video
  • Assistant Coach

Communication with Opponents
  • No opponent means no game. We are thankful we
    have an opponent - they are not the enemy.
  • Tips
  • Visit with the opposing coach before the game
  • Do not be dragged into a feud with the opponents
  • Get along with opposing coach -- competition is
    on the floor not bench

Communicating with Referees
  • Your communication to the referees is extremely
    influential on your players.
  • How to Treat Referees
  • Greet referees with a handshake, introduce
    yourself, and if time permits visit a moment.
  • Always show respect for the referees before,
    during, and after the game.
  • Never make disrespectful remarks or body
  • Thank them after the game.

Communicating with Referees
  • Coaches who assist the referees by calling the
    game create numerous problems
  • Players respect for the referee is diminished.
  • Referees patience will wear thin -- who wants the
    game on the line when it wears out.
  • Players focus on external circumstances (excuses)
    in place of internal effort.
  • Referees may respond with less desirable efforts.
  • If you absolutely must discuss a topic with a
    referee, find a quiet time (time-out, half-time,
    etc.) and address the referee one-on-one with
    respect in a quiet voice that no one can overhear.

Part 3 Safety
  • Be prepared for the unexpected

Planning for Safety
  • An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.
  • Safety Topics
  • Physical conditioning
  • Equipment and facilities inspection
  • Matching athletes to inherent risks
  • Proper supervision and record keeping
  • Environmental conditions

Physical Conditioning
  • To play basketball safely, players must be fit in
    two ways
  • Cardio-Respiratory Fitness
  • Muscular Fitness

Cardio-Respiratory Fitness
  • How do we make players cardio fit?
  • Run - But dont just run
  • Setup multiple stations, enlist parents and
    assistant coaches, always have the players in
  • Start slow and add activity -- challenge your
    players, and monitor their progress.
  • Encourage players to include cardio exercise at
    home (run, bike, swim, etc.) between practices.
    20 to 30 minutes everyday of elevated heart rate
    is ideal.

Muscular Fitness
  • The ability of muscles to sustain strenuous
    activity for longer periods.
  • Muscular fitness includes
  • strength
  • muscle endurance
  • power
  • speed
  • flexibility

Muscular Fitness
  • How do we make players muscular fit?
  • Stretch
  • Work the muscles with passing drills, shooting
    drills, defensive drills, etc
  • Setup multiple stations, enlist parents and
    assistant coaches, have players in motion.
  • Start slow and add activity -- challenge your
    players, and monitor their progress.
  • Encourage players to include strength training at
    home (weights, cross training) between practices.
    2 to 3 sessions per week will build flexibility
    and muscle strength.

Muscular Fitness
  • Muscular fitness can prevent injuries but should
    an injury occur, fitness minimizes damage and
    speeds recovery.
  • Caveats
  • Younger children may be too immature to develop
    much muscle mass - their focus should be on
    endurance and flexibility.

Putting Fitness into Practice
  • Warm-up
  • Stretch, loosen-up, get warm
  • Develop Cardio Fitness
  • Drills with running
  • Develop Muscular Fitness
  • Drills with motor skills
  • Cool-Down
  • Reduce heart rate
  • Monitor every player
  • Pulse, Respiration Rate, Recovery

Equipment and Facilities Inspection Every
  • Inspect Facility and make it SAFE
  • Common Issues in SYA gyms
  • Slick Floors
  • Obstructions
  • Gymnastics Equipment
  • Volleyball Standards
  • Broken or mal-adjusted Rims

Matching Athletes to Risks
  • Assign players appropriate match-up
  • 12 year olds can vary by 1 foot and 90 pounds
    dont put your players at risk
  • Advise parents of the inherent risks of
    basketball it is a contact sport
  • Discuss mouth guards, goggles, and athletic
    support in the pre-season parent meeting
  • No Pockets in Shorts
  • No Jewelry
  • No Hard Casts

Proper Supervision
  • As the coach you must provide proper supervision
    at all times to prevent injury
  • Prevent dangerous activity
  • Stop horse-play
  • Monitor physical exertion to keep players safe
  • Respond when the unexpected happens

Responding to Injury
  • Be Prepared
  • Recent CPR and First-Aid Training
  • Carry a First-Aid Kit
  • Have an Emergency Plan
  • Cell Phone
  • Players Contact Sheet in your possession
  • Submit an injury report to the league commissioner

First-Aid and CPR Training
  • We encourage all coaches to be certified in
  • Basic First Aid
  • CPR
  • Certification Sources
  • Red Cross
  • BSA

SYA Injury Report
  • Who was injured?
  • Contact Information
  • When?
  • Where?
  • What action was taken?
  • Send Information ASAP to
  • Basketball President - Frank Krebs
  • SYA Office - Alice Putnam
  • Include your contact information

Environmental Conditions
  • Heat is our primary concern
  • Be sure to hydrate and re-hydrate often
  • Adjust practice to conditions
  • Recommend proper clothing
  • If you practice outdoors be aware of other
    environmental hazards
  • High winds
  • Thunderstorms Lightning
  • Excessive heat and humidity

Part 4 Volunteer Building Director
  • Be a Good Guest

VBD Program
  • Must have at least one VBD in every practice or
  • Cannot coach and be the VBD in a game setting
    need a second per team
  • Must be in a database this year !
  • Saves us 35 per hour
  • 200 Teams practice 3 hours per week 600 hours X
    35 21,000 per week

VBD Program
  • Simple Rules
  • Respect the school and school employees
  • No food or drink
  • Top Problems
  • Schedule conflicts
  • Personality conflicts
  • Minor damage
  • Younger siblings
  • Security

VBD Get Your Team Certified
  • Watch Video or Go Online
  • https//
  • Recruit two others to take the test
  • Send your commissioner a list
  • Wear the Badge !

Part 5 Resources
  • Be a Student of the Game

  • Coaching Youth Basketball, American Sport
    Education Program
  • Coaching Basketball Successfully, Morgan Wootten
  • Coaching Girls Basketball Successfully, Jill
  • Bird on Basketball, Larry Bird
  • Basketball for Dummies, Digger Phelps
  • Free Throw, Dr. Tom Amberry

Important Links
  • SYA Basketball
  • http//
  • Coaches Registration
  • https//
  • Fairfax County CRS
  • http//
  • Virginia High School League
  • http//
  • Centreville High School
  • http//
  • Westfield High School
  • http//

Local Coaches
  • SYA Select Coaches
  • John Cleveland
  • Otto Jones
  • Ed Knox
  • Robert Korman
  • Dave Vennergrund
  • Tom Watson
  • Area HS Coaches
  • Pat Deegan
  • Wally Horton
  • Mike Johnson
  • Brian Doyle

National Organizations
  • AAU
  • ASEP - American Sport Education Program
  • On-line Certification in 2004
  • NFHS - National Federation of High Schools
  • Positive Coaching Alliance
  • SYA Clinics coming Soon !!!
  • YBOA

Your Assignment
  • Provide a safe learning environment
  • Communicate in a positive manner
  • Teach the tactics, skills, and rules of
  • Direct players in competition
  • Help players become fit for a lifetime
  • Help young people develop character