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New Imperialism

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New Imperialism IMPERIALISM Old Imperialism Africa & Asia Exceptions The New World Emigration 1815-1932 60 million from GB Ireland Italy Germany Left Europe Jewish ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: New Imperialism


1
New Imperialism
2
IMPERIALISM
3
Old Imperialism
  • Africa Asia

4
  • Exceptions
  • The New World

5
Emigration
  • 1815-1932
  • 60 million from
  • GB
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Germany
  • Left Europe
  • Jewish people, largely b/c of persecution

6
New ImperialismFeb 23rd, 2011
7
European powers controlled
  • 1800
  • 7 of the Worlds Territory
  • 1914
  • 84 of the Worlds Territory

8
British Empire Upon Which the Sun Never Sets
9
Causes
  • Economic
  • Religious
  • Military
  • Ideology

10
Economic
11
  • Religion/Missionary Work

12
  • Dr. David Livingstone
  • Henry Morton Stanley

Dr. Livingstone, I presume?
13
Military
14
Ideology
15
  • Social Darwinism

16
The Scramble for Africa
17
European African Control
  • 1914
  • All of Africa Except Liberia Ethiopia
  • 1880
  • 10

18
Forms of Imperialism
19
Colony
20
Protectorate
21
Spheres of Influence
22
New Imperialismin Africa
23
The Congo
24
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25
Britains Control of Egypt
26
Berlin Conference 1884-85
27
  • Declared
  • Motivation for the conference

28
  • Who?
  • Who isnt represented?
  • Begins the Scramble for Africa

29
Britains Empire in Africa
  • Had Egypt wanted to move South

30
Sudan
  • Battle of Omdurman

31
South Africa the Boer War (1899-1902)
32
North West Africa
33
Germany
34
Italy
35
New Imperialism in Asia
36
China
37
  • GB smuggled in Opium it became popular
  • China tries to stop the smuggling
  • Opium Wars begin in 1839

38
  • Superior military technology allows GB to win

39
  • Treaty of Nanking 1842
  • Forced open Chinese Ports to British ( later
    French)
  • Sphere of Influence

40
By Late 19th Century
  • Much of E. China was dominated by
  • GB,
  • France,
  • Russia,
  • Japan
  • Germany

41
  • Boxer Rebellion 1900 b/c of Anti-Western
    sentiments
  • Multi-national force puts it down

42
Dr. Sun Yat-sen
  • Wanted to est a Republic
  • Sparked the beginning of Chinese nationalist
    movement

43
India
  • Jewel of the British Empire
  • Why?
  • Most valuable
  • British East India Company was given control of
    India

44
  • Sepoy Mutiny or Rebellion
  • 1857-1858
  • Resentment against British rule
  • British win British Parliament will rule India

45
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46
  • GB will train India to run India like GB -gt
    Indian National Congress 1885
  • Indian independence in 1946

47
Japan
48
  • US Commodore Matthew Perry forces Japan to open
    trade in 1853

49
Comm. Perry Meeting Japanese Officials
50
  • Japan quickly modernized/industrialized by late
    19th century
  • Meiji Restoration 1867 reforms aimed at helping
    Japan compete w/ west

51
  • Russo-Japanese War 1904
  • Japan defeats Russia
  • Japan gains territory in continental Asia
  • Leads Russia towards Balkans revolution

52
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53
Critics of Imperialism
54
  • Karl Marx, Das Kapital 1867
  • Bourgeoisie constantly needed expanding markets
    to increase profits -gt Conquest

55
  • J. A. Hobson
  • Most prominent anti-imperialism theorist
  • Imperialism benefitted only the wealthy
  • Connected Capitalism w/ Imperialism
  • Increased Anti-Imperialism Sentiments
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