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Project MESA Broadband Mobility for Emergency and Safety Applications An International Case Study


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Title: Project MESA Broadband Mobility for Emergency and Safety Applications An International Case Study

Project MESABroadband Mobility for Emergency
and Safety ApplicationsAn International Case
  • IIRs 15th Annual FleetMobile COMMS 2006 Annual
    Conference and ExpositionRACV Club, Melbourne
  • April 10-12, 2006

Presentation Overview
  • Introduction to TIA
  • Standards, Global Activities, Emergency
  • MESA Partnership for Broadband PPDR
  • MESA Scenarios
  • MESA Technical Specification Group System
  • Main MESA Technical System Features
  • Some Key MESA Requirements
  • System Reference Model Architecture
  • MESA Technology Potential
  • Moving Forward
  • Contacts
  • Note The following terms, for this presentation,
    all relate to Safety and Emergency Applications
    Public Safety and Protection, Disaster Relief and
    Response, Emergency Responders (First Responders
    and even Critical Infrastructure Restoration),
    and National Security

Introduction to TIA
  • TIA is a trade organization (trade
    shows/marketing and global public policy) and is
    a Standards Development Organization (SDO),
    serving the communications and information
    technology industry
  • In its Standards Development activities, TIA is
    open to participation globally and is accredited
    by the American National Standards Institute
    (ANSI) to develop standards used in the industry
  • Involves fair and transparent process that
    encourages the development of voluntary industry
    standards and technical documents that support
    global (national and international) ICT products
    and services
  • TIA is company and technology agnostic
  • TIA also contributes to and represents industry
    in international standards and multilateral groups

Introduction to TIA
  • 9 product-oriented Engineering Committees with
    over 70 subcommittees and working groups
  • Over 1,000 individuals from nearly 20 countries
    work in these formulating groups
  • Representatives from academia, laboratories,
    manufacturers, service providers, and end-users,
    including the government
  • Inclusive collaboration, strive for consensus

TIA Global Activities
  • Understanding of TIA technical work provided to
    other SDOs and ITU via Global Standards
    Collaboration (GSC), MoUs, direct collaboration,
    participation, conferences, etc.
  • Support Emergency Communications
    issues/Resolutions at GSC
  • TIA standards can form the basis of contributions
    to other SDOs (e.g., ITU, IEC, ISO, JTC1, ETSI,
  • And adopted by other nations and regions

TIA and Emergency Communications
  • TIA has a proven track record of supporting
    emergency responders, and has long been a
    catalyst for the wireless industry to develop and
    maintain public safety standards (analog and
    digital) for equipment and systems
  • TIA standards activities began in the 1920s
  • One Committee, TR-8, has met continuously since
    1944 and has been involved in producing standards
    for land mobile systems that serve the public
    safety community and other private radio users
  • TIAs Engineering Committee TR-8 develops
    standards related to land mobile radio products
    and voice and data systems, utilizing narrowband,
    and wideband and now broadband technologies,
    involving both users and suppliers in its
    standards deliberation activities

TIA and Project MESA
  • Recent TR-8 activities have included Project 25
    (102-series) for voice plus narrowband and
    wideband (902-series) data
  • Natural evolution to look at broadband mobile for
    Public Safety
  • Project 34 and TR-8.8
  • Through broadband data emerges a paradigm shift
    potential for commercial technology to facilitate
    data needs
  • Enhance Public Safety capabilities
  • Involvement of TIA TR-45, Mobile and Personal
    Communications Systems
  • Issues for Public Safety Spectrum and systems
    (private/commercial ownership, operation and
    management), comprehensive SLAs, robustness and
    reliability of technology, other

Partnership for Broadband PPDR
  • Recognized that ETSI and TIA were independently
    working on similar projects
  • Challenges faced by Public Protection and
    Disaster Relief (PPDR) professionals are similar
    throughout the world
  • Partnership program between ETSI and TIA
  • Formed in May 2000 using the Partnership
    Project model that was used in 3GPPs
  • This Public Safety Partnership Project (PSPP)
    named Project MESA in honor of the signatory city
  • Acronym fits well tooMobility for Emergency and
    Safety Applications

  • MESA aims to coordinate and articulate globally
    applicable requirements and technical
    specifications for digital mobile broadband
    technology, aimed initially at the sectors of
    public safety and disaster response in support of
    local, regional and international responses to
    emergencies, disasters and day-by-day services
  • Based on continued professional user input and

Project MESA Organizational Structure
MESA Partnership for Broadband PPDR
  • Project MESA
  • Broadband communication capabilities for Public
    Safety and Emergency Services (i.e., NGN for
    PPDR, TDR, ETS, national security)
  • MESA 11 Press Release
  • http//
  • Project MESA recognized by ITU-T and ITU-R
  • Project MESA broadband standardization activity
    documented in ITU-R Report M.2033
  • Project MESA, and its OPs, were specifically
    mentioned in ITU-R WRC-2003 Resolution for
    ongoing Broadband PPDR standardization activities

MESA Partnership for Broadband PPDR
  • Organizational Partners (OPs)
  • Others are invited (ISACC, TTA, currently
  • Individual Members
  • Affiliation with an OP registered to participate
    in MESA
  • Public Safety Members
  • Governmental or private entity providing public
    safety services (does not have to be OP
  • List of participants
  • http//
  • Industry, Governmental, Universities/research,
  • N. America, Europe, Korea, Australia, Japan,
    India .
  • Including Bureau of Emergency Services
    Telecommunications, DoJ (Australia)

Specializations capable of utilizing MESA
  • Correctional Institutions
  • Emergency Planning
  • Central Government
  • Land and natural resources
  • Transportation
  • Intelligent transport systems
  • Highways Agency
  • Others
  • Criminal Justice
  • Emergency management
  • Special operations
  • Health Services
  • Fire services
  • Coast Guard
  • Search and Rescue
  • Airport security
  • Humanitarian assistance
  • Hazardous materials

57 Individual Members
ACD Telecom Inc. ArrayComm Austin Wireless BAPCO Boeing Integrated Defense Systems/Homeland Defense and Services CEFRIEL Cingular Wireless Cisco Systems City of Mesa Copenhagen Fire Brigade EADS-DSN (formerly Matra Nortel Comms.) EF Johnson Co Ericsson Wireless Communications ETRI (Korea) Flarion Technologies FPIC (Federal Partnership for Interoperable Communications)--DHS Harris Corporation Helsinki University of Technology HMFSI Home Office (UK) IFR, an Aeroflex Company IPC Information Systems Institute for Telecommunication Sciences KoKom - National Centre on Emergency Communication in Health LGP Allgon AB Lucent Technologies Marconi Mobile Access Ministry of Economic Affairs (DGTP) Motorola A/S, GmbH, Inc, Ltd, S.A.S. Multiple Access Communications Ltd National Communications System National Communications Authority of Hungary National Institute of Standards and Technology NATO C3 Agency Orbacom Systems Inc PacketHop Police Information Technology Organisation (PITO) QINETIC (formerly DERA) Qualcomm Europe SARL, Inc. Rincon Research Corporation Samsung Electronics Co Ltd Sasken Communication Technologies Ltd Selenia Mobile SIAC Sitesafe, Inc Tait Electronics Ltd Tata Consultancy Services TDC Tele Danmark, Telelaboratoriet Thales BGLJ France Thales Communications AS T-Systems Nova GmbH Unisys Deutschland GmbH
35 Public Safety Members
American Red Cross, NHQ APCO APCO Project 25 Steering Committee APEC e-Government Research Center Beredskab Storkøbenhavn Bergen County Prosecutor's Office Bureau of Emergency Services Telecommunications, - DoJ Chief Technology Officer of the District of Columbia City of NY Department of Information Technology City of Scottsdale (Municipal Government) CNEH / SAMU Federal Bureau of Investigation Gloucestershire Fire and Rescue Service HESCULAEP Consortium High Point Fire Department Industry Canada ITU-Waseda ICT research Center Lancashire Ambulance Service NHS Trust Latvian State Fire and Rescue Service Maryland State Police NASA Glenn Research Center National Institute of Justice National Public Safety Telecommunications Council (NPSTC) Norwegian National Police Directorate Norwood Fire Department NTIA National Telecommunications and Information Administration Phoenix Fire Department Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) SAFECOM SAMU de France San Francisco Dept. of Health, EMS Emergency Operations Center SAIC (Science Applications International Corporation) Toronto Police Service UK Highways Agency US Dept of Commerce NTIA
MESA Partnership for Broadband PPDR
  • Meet twice a year
  • Completed our twelfth meeting
  • Alternating between Europe and North America
  • Electronic working methods at meetings
  • Electronic methods for discussions between
  • Consensus Process with balanced leadership
  • Project MESA is unique in that requirements are
    derived from actual PPDR professionals
  • MESA SoR (being harmonized w/ national efforts)
  • Any national process can appropriately utilize
    and benefit from SoR (openly available to view)

MESA Partnership for Broadband PPDR
  • Goals are to (1) internationally coordinate
    requirements/capabilities/scenarios, and (2)
    develop technology specifications for
    (inter)operable mobile broadband data for PPDR
  • Coordinated international collection of user
    requirements and technical derivations
  • OPs transpose MESA specs into regional and
    national standards
  • Facilitate economies of scale, identified
  • Leverage existing and emerging technology
  • Facilitate enhanced capabilities for Emergency
    Responders and other professionals with similar

  • Coordinated requirements and standards drive
  • May help establish a common infrastructure for
    competing products to interoperate
  • Simplifies development by defining a minimum set
    of common requirements
  • Enables new business opportunities and
    potentially even new markets
  • Consistency in marketplace
  • Critical for PPDR sector
  • Not a market draw like commercial services

Trade Secrets
Standards and Industry Specifications
MESA Partnership for Broadband PPDR
  • MESA Service Specification Group - Services and
    Applications (Users)
  • Statement of Requirements (SoR)
  • MESA 11 approved a revised user-defined MESA SoR
  • Available as TS 70.001 V3.2.1
  • http//
  • Currently being transposed by TIA and U.S. PS
  • MESA SoR identifies
  • Mission descriptions and capability needs
  • General functional requirements
  • Operational requirements
  • Technology and applications
  • Compatibility requirements
  • Scenarios

MESA Scenarios
  • Typical scenarios were developed to stimulate
    thought about possible applications

MESA Scenario Classes
  • MESA scenarios are broken into classes
  • Environment
  • Situation
  • Coverage

Goal is to utilize common specs that are
applicable to multiple combinations
  • Identified services can be sorted into 12
    different categories or combinations
  • Indoor/Day-by-Day/Single Spot
  • Indoor/Emergency/Single Spot
  • Urban/Day-by-Day/Single Spot
  • Urban/Day-by-Day/Wide Area
  • Urban/Emergency/Single Spot
  • Urban/Emergency/Wide Area
  • Urban/Disaster/Wide Area
  • Rural/Day-by-Day/Single Spot
  • Rural/Day-by-Day/Wide Area
  • Rural/Emergency/Single Spot
  • Rural/Emergency/Wide Area
  • Rural/Disaster/Wide Area

Example of Network Architecture
(1)Indoor/EmergencyDay-by-Day/Single Spot
Remote Control Centre
MESA Router
MESA Router
  • Peer-to-peer connection
  • AP-to-MESA nodes connection
  • AP-to-MESA router connection
  • Interoperability with external access networks
    both wired and wireless
  • Interconnection through MESA backhaul to the RCC

Example of Network Architecture
(2)RuralUrban/Emergency/Single Spot
  • Peer-to-peer connection
  • AP-to-MESA nodes connection
  • Interoperability with external access networks
    (TETRA, P25, TETRAPOL, 2G/2.5/3G,802.xx, )
  • Interconnection through the backhaul to the
    Remote Control Centre (Command)

Satellite backhaul
Remote Control Centre (RCC)
Example of Network Architecture (3)
RuralUrban/EmergencyDisaster/Wide Area
Satellite backhaul
  • Peer-to-peer connection including AP-to-MESA
    nodes connection and AP-to-AP connection and
    AP-to-MESA router connection
  • Interoperability with external access networks
  • Interconnection through the backhaul to the RCC

Remote Control Centre
MESA AP router
HAP backhaul
MESA AProuter
MESA AP router
Example of Network Architecture
(4)RuralUrban/Day-by-Day/Single spotWide Area
  • Interoperability with external access networks
  • Interconnection through the satellite link to the
    Remote Control Centre

Satellite backhaul
Remote Control Centre (RCC)
MESA Technical Specification Group - System
  • MESA Technical Specification Group (TSG) now
    active in deriving technical specs from the MESA
    SoR user requirements
  • MESA 11 also approved a System Overview document
    (shows relationships between network)
  • This Technical Report is available as TR 70.012
  • http//

MESA Technical System Features
  • Examples of high-level MESA-defined user
    requirements, to be translated into technical
    parameters for broadband data system needs for
    safety and emergency services
  • Reliable (day-to-day, critical conditions,
    special events, ad-hoc)
  • Able to ensure multiple levels of security and
  • Easy and fast to deploy, as applicable
  • Able to guarantee the requested Quality of
    Service (QoS)
  • Flexible
  • Adaptable, reconfigurable, scalable
  • Self-organizing
  • Able to locate nodes, sensors, robots
  • Interoperable w/ existing ad-hoc private and
    public infrastructures
  • Can be complementary to and interwork with
    wireline/other infrastructure components
  • Broadband
  • Mobile
  • Low-power consumable

MESA Technical System Features
  • Main themes
  • Auto-establishing, self-healing, robust
  • Plug and play Resilient
  • Ad-hoc and Mesh networking
  • Bit rates approaching 2 Mbits/sec above (i.e.,
    ITU-R definition for Broadband)
  • Independent (agnostic) of radio spectrum
  • Cognitive capabilities
  • A reasonable tuning capability included in the
    key technology to accommodate regional
    requirements (cognitive or multi-band chip)
  • Dedicated or non-dedicated spectrum depending on
  • Secure end-to-end transparent encryption (as
  • Seamless switching to global broadband
  • Enhanced access and terminal capabilities
  • Potentially independent of public infrastructures
    and public supply of electrical power

MESA Technical System Features
  • A realized system could be installed as either a
    private system owned by the government or a
    governmental/commercial partnership that provides
    applicable service to PPDR-related agencies
  • Need for aeronautical and/or terrestrial digital
    broadband data over mobile wireless communication
    links (voice is secondary)
  • Dedicated and/or non-dedicated spectrum
    depending on deployment options (could also
    utilize commercial capacity (for data/voice) to
    enhance existing voice systems or provide
  • Process also supports ongoing migration path
    efforts from today's analog systems to the next
    generations of PPDR digital systems

System Reference Model Architecture
MESA as a System of Systems
New Technology
Project MESA
New Technology
New Technology
MESA Solution Space
Cellular (2, 2, 3G)
B3G, 4G
New Technology
Mobile Broadband
New Technology
New Technology
  • Technical Fora
  • Standardizationbodies

MESA Search Space
Common Technical Specifications
Common Service Specifications
Intl SDOs other uses
MESA Documents
Via OPs
ETSI Standards
TIA Standards
Other Partners Standards
MESA Technology Potential
  • Mobile Ad-hoc networks
  • Moving hot spot (Managed)
  • Auto establishing network
  • self-healing
  • Ultra-fast deployment

Camera is Calling
Automatic Recognition Detection
Capabilities - Sound - Image - Movement -
Material - Radiation
Broadband out there
  • Rural terrestrial SATCOM support
  • Up/Down voice and data links
  • Mobile Broadband Repeater
  • Remote Disasters
  • Evidence gathering
  • Real-time ID
  • Surveillance
  • Remote sensing

Other MESA Applications
  • Mobile robotics
  • Remote hazardous material inspection and removal
  • Anti-terrorist action
  • Rescue in hazardous locations
  • Incident response (tactical and non-tactical)

Other MESA Applications
  • Remote patient assistance monitoring
  • (Emergency and Medical Services--EMS)
  • Video on-line
  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiac activity
  • Encephalographic data
  • Body temperature

Bit-rates can help save lives
Other MESA Applications
  • The MESA Firefighter
  • Biometric monitoring
  • Full Command Control and Communication (C3)
  • Infra-red/visible light video monitoring
  • Positioning (to 3D)
  • Environment monitoring

Example of full on-site Command Control and
  • Fast, deployable, compatible
  • Auto-establishes network
  • Recognize terminals

Mobile Ad-Hoc Network The Moving Hot-Spot
Airborne Control
Backhaul Satcom Link
The MESA Firefighter
Telemedical Assistance
MESA Technology Potential
Network terminal components automatically
establish a functioning network based on wireless
nodes. Underlying BB capability.
Fixed/Wireless Ad-Hoc Network
Moving Forward
  • Progress existing Work Items
  • MESA TSG SYS articulating MESA SoR into technical
    capabilities and specifications
  • MESA deliverables will be developed and
    transposed, as necessary, into national/regional
    standards involving next-generation mobile
    broadband technology for PS, security and
    emergency response professionals
  • Approved Specs recently transmitted to OPs for
  • User-defined SoR is Living Document and so open
    to revision as needed (contribution-based)

Moving Forward
  • MESA participants will utilize System of
    Systems capabilities and specifications approach
  • Leverage existing or near-term technologies/servic
    es that are capable of providing needed bandwidth
    and convergence services for Next-Generation PS
    communications and access options (high
    security/varied connectivity)
  • Identify PS requirement gaps in existing
  • Develop specifications for new or adapted
    technologies/services where none currently exists
    that support PS needs

Moving Forward
  • MESA 12 (Boston, April 2006) saw the
    introduction of five technology proposals by
    manufacturers and providers
  • Important step forward (Press Release will be
    available soon)
  • Enhanced capability Proposals currently include
    cdma2000 EV-DO, OFDMA, W-CDMA-HSDPA,
    802.11x/ma/PHY, 802.16e and satellite
  • Next 6 months Air Interface Incident Area
    Networking Technologies and Specifications
    analysis from Industry Responses received
  • Other proposals welcome next meeting (must follow
    format set at this meeting)
  • Broadband Data is primary concern (voice
  • Location Based Services also identified for
  • MayDay XML Data Tags work too (fire, EMS, etc.)
  • Longer term Focus Jurisdiction Networking
    Broadband Specifications and Interworking

Moving Forward
  • Example The District of Columbia deployed a
    successful pilot network based on Flash-OFDM in
    2004 in the 700 MHz band
  • Flash-OFDM (orthogonal frequency division
    multiplexing) divides spectrum into several
    equally spaced tones or frequencies, which
    ensures there is no interference between users on
    the same cell
  • The IP-based technology is spectrum-agnostic, can
    operate in interference-riddled spectrum and is
    able to transmit data at peak rates of 3 Mb/s,
    with average throughputs of 1.5 Mb/s

Moving Forward
  • MESH Technology Example
  • A quad-radio product that operates in both the
    2.4 GHz and 4.9 GHz bands
  • Currently being deployed in 12 U.S. cities this
    platform type uses two standard 802.11 radios and
    two proprietary Mesh-Enabled Architecture (MEA)
    radios in one solution
  • The four radios can be turned up as needed and
    intelligently configured either as access or
    backhaul on a link-by-link basis
  • Other Mesh features include fast self-forming,
    self-healing, built-in location and tracking of
    radios via triangulation, and support for user
    connectivity at megabit speeds
  • Such a system also can support seamless handoff
    between nodes
  • Eventually will be married with WiMAX once
    802.16e is standardized and profiled to work in
    the unlicensed band (in U.S.)

Moving Forward
  • MESA OPs, including ETSI and TIA, continue to
    facilitate government and industry awareness and
  • Encourage participation in, or communication
    with, Project MESA (via OPs TIA and ETSI) by
    affected agencies and administrations, standards
    groups, equipment providers, service providers,
    research organizations, etc.
  • TIA and ETSI working to raise awareness/outreach
    levels (regionally/globally), coordinating
    existing and identifying future RD efforts for
    critical Next-Generation needs of Public safety,
    security and emergency users

Moving Forward
  • The MESA approach represents a continuing
    challenge to the industry, as public safety
    organizations may require communications (1) to
    operate on a variety of networks and systems,
    from dedicated radio to personal area, incident
    area and jurisdictional networks, to 3G networks
    and beyond and (2) include very stringent form
    factors, network integrity, QoS, and other
    requirements not normally found in most
    commercial deployments
  • Such capabilities will extend the tools available
    for emergency communications users
  • Including video and high-speed data in
    ubiquitous, wide-area, multiple agency or
    stand-alone (ad-hoc) networks and voice

TIA Contact Information
  • David Thompson
  • Staff Director, Global Standards and Technology
  • Tel 1-703-907-7749

Project MESA Contacts
  • Main Web site
  • Information also available at
  • and http//
  • (Re MESA, TR-8, TR-45)
  • MESA Secretariat

QUESTIONS?Thank you for your time!
  • Other Material
  • MESA Brochure
  • Update on TIA Emergency Comms and Project 25