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M.L.A.HIGH SCHOOL

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The VEDAS, MEDICINE, KANNADA, SANSKRIT were taught at these centers. ... KESHIRAJA`S SHABDAMANI DARPANA is a work on KANNADA GRAMMAR. SANSKRIT LITERATURE: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: M.L.A.HIGH SCHOOL


1
M.L.A.HIGH SCHOOL
THE HOYSALAS
2
CONTENTS
  • Introduction
  • Origin of the word HOYSALAS
  • Notable rulers of HOYSALAS empire
  • Administration
  • Education
  • Literature
  • Art and Architecture
  • Decline of the HOYSALAS empire

3
INTRODUCTION
  • After the fall of the GANGAS, in 1104 A.D the
    empire of KALYANA split up into three parts,
    namely, the kingdom of DEVAGIRI, the kingdom of
    WARANGAL and the kingdom of DWARASAMUDRA ruled by
    the HOYSALAS.
  • The HOYSALAS accepted the over lordship of the
    CHALUKYAS of KALYANA.

4
ORIGIN OF THE WO RD HOYSALAS.
  • The inscription says that the founder of dynasty
    was SALA.
  • SALA is from SOSEVUR from MUDUGERE TALUK.
  • When his JAINA master asked SALA to kill a tiger
    ,he called him out HOY SALA.
  • Thus the dynastys name originated.

5
NOTABLE RULERS OF HOYSALA EMPIRE.
  • NRIPA KAMA The first notable ruler of the
    dynasty was NRIPA KAMA. He conquered the regions
    around MUDIGERE. After defeating many rulers of
    the MALENADU region.
  • The next ruler was VINAYADITYA, NRIPA KAMAS son.

6
NOTABLE RULERS OF HOYSALA EMPIRE.
  • VISHNUVARDHANA(1107-1141) The HOYSALAS of
    DWARASAMUDRA attained great power under his rule.
  • He conquered GANGAVADI from CHOLAS and captured
    their provincial capital TALAKADU.
  • He assumed the title TALAKADUGONDA.

7
NOTABLE RULERS OF HOYSALA EMPIRE
  • VIRA BALLALA 2nd (1173 1220)He was the creator
    of the HOYSALA empire.
  • He defeated the YADAVA ruler of DEVAGIRI,BHILLAMA
    at SORATUR in 1190.
  • He assumed the title DAKSHINA CHAKRAVARTI.
  • He honored JANNA by giving title KAVI
    CHAKRAVARTI .

8
NOTABLE RULERS OF HOYSALA EMPIRE
  • VIRA BALLALA 3rd (1292 1342) He was the last
    notable ruler of the house.
  • He defeated many rulers like NOLAMBAS of
    NOLAMBAVADI and the SUENS of DEVAGIRI.
  • In the succession war of the PANDYAS of MADURAI ,
    he took sides of SUNDARA PANDYA and went to TAMIL
    NADU to help him.
  • MALIK KAFUR , the commander of DEHLI SULTAN ,
    ALLA- UD DIN KHILJI , laid a SEIGE to
    DWARASAMUDRA.
  • On 18th NOVEMBER , 1310, a large army under
    command of MALIK NAIB from DEHLI.

9
ADMINISTRATION
  • The provincial administration of the HOYSALAS
    included the main features of the administration
    of GANGAS and CHALUKYAS.
  • The provinces were divided into NADUS looked
    after by the officers.
  • The villages had a headman SENABOVA and TALARA.
  • A central revenue register, KADITA was
    maintained.
  • To support agriculture, irrigation, literature,
    they created hundreds of tanks like SHANTISAGARA.
  • The HOYSALAS had a special bodyguard corps called
    GARUDAS, who lived and also died with the king.

10
RELIGIONS
  • The SHAIVA, VAISHNAVA and JAINA religions were
    popular in those days.
  • VISHNUVARDHANA who was a JAINA, accepted
    SRIVAISHNAVA religion.
  • VISHNUVARDHANAS queen SHANTHALA was a JAINA and
    also a scholar and accomplished dancer.

11
EDUCATION
  • The AGRAHARAS, MATHAS and TEMPLES were the
    centers of learning.
  • MELKOTE, SALGAME, ARASIKERE, MORINGERE etc were
    noted centers of learning.
  • The VEDAS, MEDICINE, KANNADA, SANSKRIT were
    taught at these centers.

12
LITERATURE
  • KANNADA LITERATURE- It developed well during
    this period. RUDRABHATTA composed JAGANNATHA
    VIJAYA in KANNADA. KAVI CHAKRAVARTHI JANNAS
    YASHODHARA CHARITHA was a great work of that
    time. HARIHARA wrote GIRIJAKALYANA a CHAMPU
    work in KANNADA. RAGHAVANKAS HARISHCHANDRA
    KAVYA is also the creation of the age.
    KESHIRAJAS SHABDAMANI DARPANA is a work on
    KANNADA GRAMMAR.
  • SANSKRIT LITERATURE- It flourished during this
    period. ACHARYA RAMANUJA and ACHARYA MADHWA wrote
    many SANSKRIT works during this period.

13
ART AND ARCHITECTURE
  • In the 12th and 13th centuries A.D.
    evolved a new style of architecture. They perhaps
    inherited the art-tradition of their
    predecessors-THE GANGAS and THE CHALUKYAS OF
    KALYANA style. The temples built by them are not
    square but polygonal or star shaped. The SIKARA
    is pyramidal but low, and may be regarded as a
    modified type of the DRAVIDIAN.

14
  • VISHNUVARDHANA had built the KIRTI
    NARAYANA temple at TALAKADU and the
    VIJAYANARAYANA temple at BELUR.
  • HOYSALESHWARA temple- The best know
    example of the HOYSALA style is the HOYSALESHWARA
    temple at HALEBID.

15
  • Similar elaboration of decoration is
    found in the HOYSALESHWARA temple. As it has
    aptly remarked, ONE OF THE MOST MARVELLOUS
    EXHIBITIONS OF HUMAN LABOUR TO BE FOUND EVEN IN
    THE PATIENT-EAST.
  • The SOMANATHAPUR temple is a triple
    shrine (TRIKUTA), raised by SOMADANDANAYAKA in
    1258 with three beautiful SHIKARAS.

16
DECLINE OF THE EMPIRE
  • After the death of BALLALA III, there
    was no other powerful ruler like him. The last
    ruler, VIRUPAKSHA BALLALA (1343-1346) could not
    live long. By then the VIJAYANAGARA kingdom had
    already appeared.
  • Hence, in this way the HOYSALA EMPIRE
    declined.

17
BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • 8th Std SOCIAL SCIENCE TEXT BOOK.
  • AN ADVANCE IN INDIAN HISTORY.
  • INTERNETS-WWW.YAHOO.COM , WWW.GOOGLE.COM.

18
THE END
  • Thanking you,
  • K.SANGEETHA
  • B.V.ANNAPOORNESHWARI
  • H.R.MEGHANA
  • K.DEEPTHI
  • S.PRATHIBA
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