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The Life of Joseph Conrad

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Novels and Short Stories. Most of his novels and short stories have the sea as a background for the action. ... Short Stories. 1886-wrote first short story ' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Life of Joseph Conrad


1
The Life of Joseph Conrad
2
Joseph Conrad (1857-1924)
  • Born December 3, 1857 as Jozef Teodor Konrad
    Nalecz Korzeniowski
  • Born to Polish parents in the Ukrainian town of
    Berdichev

3


Eva Korzeniowski
Apollo Korzeniowski
4
Family
  • His father Apollo Korzeniowski was a poet and
    translator of English and French literature.
  • He was arrested for conspiracy and was exiled
    with his family to Vologda in northern Russia.
  • Died May 23, 1869
  • Tuberculosis

5
Family
  • Originally - Eva Bobrowska
  • Parents opposed the marriage to Apollo
  • Died April 18, 1865
  • Tuberculosis

6
Family
  • In 1869, Joseph was sent to live with his uncle,
    Thaddeus Bobrowski
  • Lived in Switzerland
  • Major influence over Conrads life
  • Allowed Conrad to go to sea

7
Education
  • Conrad was first placed in a boarding-house in
    Cracow
  • September 1873 - sent to a boarding-house in Lvov
  • In 1874 - Thaddeus sent him off to the Merchant
    Marine

8
Preparation
  • Wished to serve in the Austrian navy
  • Applied but was refused Austrian citizenship
  • Traveled, in 1874, to Marseilles
  • learned French, seamanship, and became financed
    by his uncle.

9
Joseph Conrad in 1873 -- Age 16
10
Voyages
  • Started as a seamans apprentice
  • an observer on harbor pilot boats
  • Within two months, he took his first ocean
    voyage.
  • Sailed on three voyages between 1874 and 1877

11
Voyages
  • Mavis
  • April 1878-June 1878
  • English steamship
  • From Marseilles to Constantinople to Lowestoft.
  • Ordinary Seaman
  • Duke of Sutherland
  • Oct. 1878-Oct. 1879
  • From London to Sydney and back to London.
  • Ordinary Seaman

12
Voyages
  • Europa
  • Dec. 1879
  • seven weeks
  • Steamer
  • Across the Mediterranean Sea
  • Ordinary Seaman
  • Loch Etive
  • Aug. 1880-April 1881
  • Wool Clipper
  • From London to Sydney and back to London.
  • Third Mate

13
Voyages
  • Palestine
  • September 1881
  • Wooden Barque
  • From London to Bangkok.
  • Second Mate
  • Caught fire and was abandoned.

14
Joseph Conrads first command -- The
Otago
15
The Otago
  • Conrads first command
  • January 19, 1888 - June 1889
  • From Singapore to Sydney and Mauritius

16
Novels and Short Stories
  • Most of his novels and short stories have the sea
    as a background for the action.
  • The sea is also a symbolic parallel for their
    heroes inner turbulence.
  • Theres little romantic interest in his novels.

17
Novels and Short Stories
  • 1886-wrote first short story The Black Mate
  • submitted to a literary competition but was
    unsuccessful
  • During the next three years, he began his first
    novel Almayers Folly
  • completed in 1894

18
Heart of Darkness
  • Conrad continued writing diaries and journals on
    a Congo River Steamer
  • These notes would eventually become the basis for
    Heart of Darkness
  • It was first published in Blackwoods Magazine
  • later appeared as a single volume

19
Heart of Darkness
  • Represents a radically new course in Conrads
    style.
  • His earlier works were comparatively straight
    forward and objective
  • Heart of Darkness is intensely psychological and
    analytical
  • Includes a great deal of highly personal
    autobiographical details as well as purely
    symbolic elements.

20
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21
Other Works of Literature
  • Lord Jim
  • Nostromo
  • Typhoon
  • Victory
  • Chance
  • The Secret Agent
  • Under Western
    Eyes

22
Personal Life
  • Married Jessie George
  • 1896 (17 years younger than he)
  • Two sons born
  • Borys 1898
  • John 1906

23
World War I
  • When World War I broke out, Conrad, his wife, and
    two sons were in Poland
  • barely escaped imprisonment
  • Back in England, Conrad assembled his entire body
    of work, which appeared in 1920.

24
Honors
  • Conrad was offered a knighthood by the British
    government
  • declined the offer
  • Also declined honorary degrees from five
    universities.
  • Lived without national honor but with literary
    honor instead.

25
Death
  • August 3, 1924
  • Conrad died of a heart attack
  • Buried in Canterbury

26
Teodor Jozef Konrad Korzeniowski
1857 - 1924
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