Lifestyle Diseases - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Lifestyle Diseases

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Title: Lifestyle Diseases


1
Lifestyle Diseases
2
1. Lifestyle diseases
  • Diseases caused partly by unhealthy behaviors and
    partly by other factors.

3
2. Controllable Risk Factors
  • Factors include habits, behaviors, and practices
    one can change.
  • Diet
  • Body weight
  • Physical activity
  • Sun exposure
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol consumption

4
3. Uncontrollable risk factors
  • Risk factors that cannot be changed or controlled
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Ethnicity
  • Heredity

5
4. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
  • Diseases and disorders that result from
    progressive damage to the heart and blood
    vessels.
  • Leading cause of death in the United States

6
5. Risk Factors for CVDs
  • Smoking
  • Being overweight
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes

7
6. High Blood Pressure (hypertension)
  • Increased force exerted against walls of arteries
    which puts extra strain on the heart.
  • Silent Killer people dont realize they have
    it until they have a heart attack.
  • Hypertension can eventually damage the kidneys
    and eyes.

8
7. Atherosclerosis
  • Disease characterized by the buildup of fatty
    materials on the walls of the arteries.

9
8. Heart attack
  • The damage and loss of function of an area of the
    heart muscle.
  • Caused by reduced blood flow to the heart.

10
9. Stroke
  • The damage and loss of function of an area of the
    brain.
  • Caused by loss of blood flow to the brain.
  • Blood clot
  • Burst vessel

11
10. Detection of CVDs
  • Blood pressure
  • Electrocardiogram ECG or EKG
  • Ultrasound
  • Angiography

12
11. Treatment of CVDs
  • Diet and exercise
  • Medications
  • Surgery
  • Angioplasty
  • Pacemakers
  • Transplants

13
12. Preventing CVDs
  • Lower fat and salt intake
  • Keep weight near recommended levels
  • Dont smoke
  • Exercise regularly
  • Monitor blood pressure
  • Relax!

14
13. Cancer
  • A disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth.

15
14. Tumors
  • Masses of abnormal cells.
  • Malignant Tumor mass of cells that invades
    and destroys healthy tissue.
  • Benign Tumor non-cancerous mass of cells
    that develops in the body.

16
15. Causes of Cancer
  • Genetics
  • Carcinogens cancer causing agents
  • Certain viruses HPV (cervical cancer)
  • Radioactivity and ultraviolet radiation.
  • Chemicals found in tobacco smoke.
  • Asbestos
  • Toxic chemicals.

17
16. Detecting Cancer
  • Self-exams
  • Biopsy
  • X-Rays
  • MRI
  • Blood and DNA tests

18
17. Warning signs of Cancer
  • Change in bowel or bladder habits.
  • A sore that doesnt heal.
  • Unusual bleeding or discharge.
  • Thickening or lump in breast or elsewhere.
  • Indigestion or difficulty swallowing.
  • Obvious change in a wart or mole
  • Nagging cough or hoarseness.

19
18. Treating Cancer
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Usually, a combination of the above mentioned
    treatments are used.

20
19. Preventing Cancer
  • Dont smoke
  • Protect your skin
  • Eat more vegetables and decrease fat
  • Stay active and maintain a healthy weight
  • Get regular medical check-ups.

21
20. Diabetes
  • The bodys inability to produce sufficient
    amounts of insulin resulting in an inability to
    metabolize glucose.

22
21. Insulin
  • A hormone produced in the pancreas that causes
    cells to remove glucose from the bloodstream.

23
22. Diabetic coma
  • Loss of consciousness due to a high concentration
    of blood sugar in the bloodstream.

24
23. Insulin Shock
  • Disorder caused by high concentration of insulin
    and a low concentration of blood sugar.

25
24. Types of diabetes
  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes.
  • Body doesnt make insulin
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Non-insulin dependent diabetes.
  • Commonly occurs in people over 40 and people who
    are obese.
  • Gestational Diabetes
  • Diabetes that occurs during pregnancy.

26
25. Treating Diabetes
  • Type 1 monitoring of blood-sugar levels and
    insulin injections
  • Type 2 diet and exercise. Weight control.
  • Gestational diet and exercise.

27
26. Preventing Diabetes
  • No way to prevent Type 1 Diabetes.
  • Reducing risk of Type 2 Diabetes.
  • Maintain healthy weight.
  • Avoid tobacco products.
  • Monitor sugar intake.
  • Reduce stress in your life.
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