Developmental Psychopathology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Developmental Psychopathology PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4300fb-ZDhiZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Developmental Psychopathology

Description:

Developmental Psychopathology. The study of the origins and course of maladaptive behavior as compared to the development of normal behavior. Do not look at these as ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:380
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 14
Provided by: psycdweeb
Learn more at: http://psycdweeb.weebly.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Developmental Psychopathology


1
Developmental Psychopathology
2
Developmental Psychopathology
  • The study of the origins and course of
    maladaptive behavior as compared to the
    development of normal behavior
  • Do not look at these as diseases but rather
    adaptations over time

3
What Makes Behavior Abnormal?
  • Statistical Deviance
  • Maladaptiveness
  • Dangerousness included
  • Personal Distress
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
    Disorders (DSM IV TR)

4
(No Transcript)
5
Developmental Psychopathology
  • The Diathesis-Stress Model
  • Psychopathology results from the interaction over
    time
  • of a predisposition or vulnerability to a
    psychological disorder
  • and the experience of stressful events

6
(No Transcript)
7
Autism
  • Characterized by
  • Abnormal social development
  • Failure to relate to others
  • Impaired language and communication skills
  • Lack of speech or ability to initiate or sustain
    conversation
  • Repetitive, stereotyped behavior and restrictive
    behavior
  • Most comfortable with sameness of environment
  • Must show abnormal functioning in social
    behavior, comunication, or imaginative play
    before age 3
  • May or may not have intellectual impairment

8
Autism
  • Effects approx 30/10,000
  • 4/1 boys
  • Generally becomes evident between 18 to 30 months
    of age but often not diagnosed until around age 6

9
Causes of Autism
  • Theory of Mind Hypothesis
  • Failure to develop Theory of Mind
  • Executive Dysfunction Hypothesis
  • Deficit in the higher-level control functions
    associated with the prefrontal cortex of the
    brain that allows planning, adaptation to change,
    etc.
  • Weak Central Coherence Hypothesis
  • Can focus on specifics but not the big picture
  • Allows development of special talents in specific
    areas (savant syndrome or intelligence)

10
Aspergers Disorder
  • A milder form of PDD
  • Characterized by
  • Poor social interaction
  • Development of narrow, obsessive or repetitive
    behavior
  • Not as significantly impaired in intellect or
    language

11
Learning Disorders
  • Mathematics disorder
  • Disorder of written expression
  • Reading disorder (dyslexia)

12
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
  • Some combination of three main characteristics
  • Inattention
  • Impulsivity
  • Hyperactivity
  • Effects approx 3 5 of children
  • Boys 2/1

13
Conduct Problems
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder
  • Non delinquent negativistic or oppositional
    behavior
  • Defy authority by arguing with parents and
    teachers
  • Refuse to follow requests and directives
  • Deliberately annoy others and they themselves are
    easily annoyed

14
Conduct Problems
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder
  • Non delinquent negativistic or oppositional
    behavior
  • Conduct Disorder
  • Purposeful and intentional engagement in patterns
    of antisocial behavior that violates social norms
    and the rights of others
  • Boys
  • Stealing, fighting, vandalism, disciplinary
    problems at school
  • Girls
  • Lying, truancy, running away, substance use, and
    prostitution

15
Depression
  • Similar feelings of helplessness, distorted
    thinking patterns, low self esteem and
    perceptions of confidence seen in all ages
  • Symptoms can include
  • Loss of interest in activities
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia
  • Lack of energy
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Reduced concentration or ability to make
    decisions
  • Suicidal or homicidal thoughts

16
Depression
  • Children
  • Refusal to attend school
  • Fear of parents dying
  • Conduct disorders
  • Academic problems
  • Physical complaints
  • Hyperactivity
  • Adolescents
  • Aggressiveness
  • Sexual acting out

17
Dementia (Senility)
  • A progressive deterioration of neural functioning
    associated with memory impairment, declines in
    tested intellectual ability, poor judgment,
    difficulty thinking abstractly, and possible
    personality changes

18
Dementia
  • Alzheimers Disease (Dementia of the Alzheimers
    Type)
  • A progressive brain disease characterized by
    gradual loss of memory and intellectual
    functioning, personality changes, and eventual
    loss of the ability to care for oneself.
  • Accounts for 50 70 of dementia cases
  • 4th leading cause of death
  • Up to 10 over age 65
  • 40 over age 70
About PowerShow.com