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Major and Minor Prophets


The Book of Jonah is unique in that is not full of visions, but records a small portion of the life of Jonah who is known as the reluctant missionary. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Major and Minor Prophets

Major and Minor Prophets
The Pentateuch Genesis teaches us about the
origin of the universe and records Israels roots
and early history. Exodus teaches about the
enslavement and deliverance of the Israel and the
history of their journey toward Canaan under the
leadership of Moses. Leviticus contains over
600 laws that Israel was to live by. Numbers
records the 40 years of wandering in the
wilderness. Deuteronomy contains a repetition
of the laws given shortly before Israel entered
The 12 Books of History Joshua is the book of
the conquest of Canaan as promised by God.
Judges records the 12 judges over Israel and
history of Israels continual rebellion against
God when a judge died. Ruth is the story of
the life of Ruth and how she became an ancestor
of David and of Jesus. 1 2 Samuel is the
history of Samuel and the beginning of Israel
having kings. 1 2 Kings records the early
history of the kingdom of Israel and then its
division into Israel and Judah. We are introduced
to Elijah and Elisha.
1 2 Chronicles mainly covers the history of
David, Solomon, and the kings of Judah up to the
time of their captivity. Ezra is a record of
the return of the Jews from captivity and the
rebuilding of the temple. Nehemiah gives us an
account of the rebuilding of the walls of
Jerusalem and how the Gods people recommitted
themselves to keep the Law of Moses. Esther the
story of Esther and how she made it possible for
the Jews to be saved from the plot of Haman.
The 5 books of poetry Job teaches us what
Job had to endure by the testing of Satan, how he
had great patience, and in the end he was found
faithful and God blessed him with more than he
had before. Psalms is a collection of 150
spiritual songs, prayers, and poems by different
authors some of which are unnamed, and they cover
a variety of topics. Proverbs is a collection
of moral and religious maxims on such topics as
wisdom, temperance, and justice.
Ecclesiastes shows us how all life is vanity
without God in the picture. Song of Solomon is
a love song that shows the deep love between a
couple that gets married.
Over the next couple of years, we will be looking
at these 16 Major and Minor Prophets that are
contained in 17 books. The time of these writings
are from 800 400 B.C.
The main theme of these prophetic books is the
justice, sovereignty, and mercy of God.
Deuteronomy 1820 'But the prophet who presumes
to speak a word in My name, which I have not
commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name
of other gods, that prophet shall die.' 21 "And
if you say in your heart, 'How shall we know the
word which the LORD has not spoken?' -- 22 "when
a prophet speaks in the name of the LORD, if the
thing does not happen or come to pass, that is
the thing which the LORD has not spoken the
prophet has spoken it presumptuously you shall
not be afraid of him.
  • Amos and Hosea spoke to Israel.
  • Jonah and Nahum spoke to Nineveh.
  • Daniel spoke to Babylon.
  • Ezekiel spoke to the captives in Babylon.
  • Obadiah spoke to Edom.
  • Joel, Isaiah, Micah, Jeremiah, Habakkuk,
    Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi spoke
    to Judah.

The 5 books of the Major Prophets
The Book of Isaiah is one of the longest and most
important books in the Old Testament. It covers
the life of Isaiah and what he said and did as a
prophet of God.
Isaiah began prophesying around 759 B.C.
The Book of Jeremiah records how God made this
young man into a prophet though he was reluctant
at first. He lived about 100 years after Isaiah
and he prophesied for about 60 years from 626
B.C. 566 B.C.
Jeremiah 3133 "But this is the covenant that I
will make with the house of Israel after those
days, says the LORD I will put My law in their
minds, and write it on their hearts and I will
be their God, and they shall be My people. 34
"No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and
every man his brother, saying, 'Know the LORD,'
for they all shall know Me, from the least of
them to the greatest of them, says the LORD. For
I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I
will remember no more."
The Book of Lamentations is a collection of 5
poems that express grief over the destruction of
Jerusalem and the captivity of the Jews.
The Book of Ezekiel covers the prophecies made by
Ezekiel. Ezekiel had been carried into captivity
by Nebuchadnezzar around 597 B.C. and started
prophesying 5 years later.
The Book of Daniel is about the life of Daniel
and the dreams he interpreted. Daniel was part of
the first group of Jews taken into captivity
around 606 B.C.
The 12 Minor Prophets
The Book of Hosea is about the prophet Hosea. He
preached his message to Israel from about 786
B.C. to 726 B.C. while Isaiah and Micah were
preaching to Judah.
The Book of Joel is about the prophet Joel. We do
not know for sure, but some think he may have
been the first prophet to preach to Judah.
The Book of Amos tells of how Amos, who was
shepherd, preached about how Judah would not
escape punishment for her sins, and he preached
many other prophecies about other nations. He
was preaching around the same time as Joel and
Hosea around 786 B.C. 726 B.C
The Book of Obadiah is about the prophecies of
the prophet Obadiah. It is believed that he
preached around the time Judah was overthrown
around 586 B.C.
The Book of Jonah is unique in that is not full
of visions, but records a small portion of the
life of Jonah who is known as the reluctant
missionary. We learn from 2 Kings1425 that Jonah
preached during the time of Jeroboam II around
749 B.C. 790 B.C.
The Book of Micah is about the prophet Micah who
preached around the time of Isaiah and Hosea
around 740 B.C. 700 B.C.
Micah 68 He has shown you, O man, what is good
And what does the LORD require of you But to do
justly, To love mercy, And to walk humbly with
your God?
The Book of Nahum is about the prophet Nahum and
his message to Judah. He was preaching around 630
B.C. around the same time as Jeremiah, Habakkuk,
The Book of Habakkuk is about the prophet
Habakkuk who preached to Judah around 628 B.C. to
608 B.C. He had a complaint against God. He
wanted to know why their nation should be
destroyed by a more wicked nation.
Habakkuk 24 But the just shall live by his
faith. (Rom. 117 Gal. 311 Heb. 1038).
The Book of Zephaniah is about the prophet
Zephaniah who was a descendant of King Hezekiah.
He prophesied during the reign of Josiah in Judah
around 630 B.C.
The Book of Haggai has two chapters in which the
prophet Haggai delivers a message from God to the
Jews after their return to Jerusalem by the order
of Cyrus around 520 B.C.
The Book of Zechariah is about the prophet
Zechariah who also came back with Zerubbabel, and
he worked with Haggai.
  • Zechariah made several prophecies about the
    coming Messiah
  • His atoning death for the removal of sin (38-9
  • As builder of the house of God (612)
  • His universal reign as King and Priest (613
  • His triumphal entry into Jerusalem (99)
  • His betrayal for 30 pieces of silver (1112)
  • His Deity (128)
  • His pierced hands (1210 136)
  • A smitten shepherd (137)

The last book of the O.T. is Malachi. It talks
about the prophet Malachi and his message. He was
the last of the O.T. prophets who prophesied
about 100 years after Haggai and Zechariah around
450 B.C. 425 B.C.
Romans 154 For whatever things were written
before were written for our learning, that we
through the patience and comfort of the
Scriptures might have hope.
1 Corinthians 1011 Now all these things happened
to them as examples, and they were written for
our admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages
have come. 12 Therefore let him who thinks he
stands take heed lest he fall.
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